Montana Best Times Februrary 2015

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Nurse practitioner joins Ebola fight
Eyewitness to J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI
Retired? Not quite
Bountiful Baskets
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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AFebruary 2015
February 2015 — 2
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Savvy Senior ............................................Page 3
Opinion ....................................................Page 4
Bookshelf .................................................Page 5
Volunteering .............................................Page 19
On the Menu ............................................Page 20
Calendar ...................................................Page 21
Strange But True ......................................Page 22
INSIDE
News Lite
Woman gets bag full of cash
at Burger King drive-thru
ROCHESTER, N.H. (AP) — A New Hampshire woman got a
surprise at a Burger King drive-thru: a bag full of cash instead of
food.
Janelle Jones says she discovered on the way home that the bag
did not contain the sweet tea and junior spicy chicken sandwich
that she had ordered recently at the Rochester fast-food restaurant.
Foster’s Daily Democrat reports that Jones called her husband
and they decided to return the $2,631, which was a Burger King
bank deposit.
Matthew Jones says the couple briefly considered keeping the
money, which they certainly could have used. But he says he and
his wife are Jehovah’s Witnesses, and that “Jehovah sees every-
thing.”
The newspaper reports that the restaurant confirmed the cou-
ple’s account but had no comment on it.
Holy mackerel! Belfast residents
warned not to eat free fish
BELFAST, Northern Ireland (AP) — This fish tale might be a
wee bit hard to stomach.
Belfast City Council is advising its citizens: Don’t eat fish
found lying on the roadside. They’re too fishy.
The recent health warning follows the accidental dumping of
thousands of mackerel on to the busy Ravenhill Road, apparently
by a delivery truck with a loose back door. Locals grabbed bags
to haul in their catch before passing cars could turn the stranded
school to pulp.
Tommy Bardsley says he bagged 25 mackerel and deemed
them off-the-boat fresh. “I know fish,” the 61-year-old declared.
The council says Bardsley and other opportunists don’t know
microbiology, because they don’t know where the fish came
from, and they could be contaminated by automotive pollut-
ants.
Dear Savvy Senior,
What are the IRS income tax filing requirements for
retirees this tax season? I didn’t have to file last year, but I
picked up a little income from a part-time job in 2014, and
I’m wondering I need to file this year.
— Part-time Retiree
Dear Retiree,
Whether or not you are required to file a federal income
tax return this year will depend on how much you earned
(gross income) — and the source of that income — as well
as your filing status and your age. Your gross income
includes all the income you receive that is not exempt from
tax, not counting your Social Security benefits, unless you
are married and filing separately.
Here’s a rundown of the IRS filing requirements for this
tax season. If your 2014 gross income was below the
threshold for your age and filing status, you probably won’t
have to file. But if it’s over, you will.
· Single: $10,150 ($11,700 if you’re 65 or older
by Jan. 1, 2015).
· Married filing jointly: $20,300 ($21,500 if
you or your spouse is 65 or older; or $22,700
if you’re both over 65).
· Married filing separately: $3,950 at any age.
· Head of household: $13,050 ($14,600 if age
65 or older).
· Qualifying widow(er) with dependent
child: $16,350 ($17,550 if age 65 or older).
To get a detailed breakdown on federal filing require-
ments, along with information on taxable and nontaxable
income, call the IRS at 800-829-3676 and ask them to mail
you a free copy of the “Tax Guide for Seniors” (publication
554), or see irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p554.pdf.
»Special requirements
There are, however, some other financial situations that
will require you to file a tax return, even if your gross
income falls below the IRS filing requirement. For exam-
ple, if you had earnings from self-employment in 2014 of
$400 or more, or if you owe any special taxes to the IRS
such as alternative minimum tax or IRA tax penalties,
you’ll probably need to file.
To figure this out, the IRS offers a tool on their website
that asks a series of questions that will help you determine
if you’re required to file, or if you should file because
you’re due a refund.
You can access this page at irs.gov/filing — click on “Do
you need to file a return?” Or, you can get assistance over
the phone by calling the IRS helpline at (800) 829-1040.
You can also get face-to-face help at a Taxpayer Assistance
Center. See irs.gov/localcontacts or call (800) 829-1040 to
locate a center near you.
»Check your state
Even if you’re not required to file a federal tax return this
year, don’t assume that you’re also excused from filing
state income taxes. The rules for your state might be very
different. Check with your state tax agency before conclud-
ing that you’re entirely in the clear. For links to state and
local tax agencies see taxadmin.org – click on “State Agen-
cies/Links” on the menu bar.
»Tax prep assistance
If you find that you do need to file a tax return this year,
you can get help through the Tax Counseling for the Elder-
ly (or TCE) program. Sponsored by the IRS, TEC provides
free tax preparation and counseling to middle and low-
income taxpayers, age 60 and older. Call (800) 906-9887 or
visit irs.treasury.gov/freetaxprep to locate a service near
you.
Also check with AARP, a participant in the TCE program
that provides free tax preparation at more than 5,000 sites
nationwide. To locate an AARP Tax-Aide site call (888)
227-7669 or visit aarp.org/findtaxhelp. You don’t have to
be an AARP member to use this service.
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box
5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit SavvySenior.org.
Jim Miller, creator of the syndicated “Savvy
Senior” information column, is a longtime
advocate of senior issues. He has been featured in
Time magazine; is author of “The Savvy Senior:
The Ultimate Guide to Health, Family and
Finances for Senior Citizens”; and is a regular
contributor to the NBC “Today” show.
February 2015 — 3
Do you need to file
a tax return in 2015?
A trip to a family reunion in the Midwest underscored again
how far behind the times I am in my technological gadgets.
To keep in touch on my trip, I took along my flip-top cell-
phone, manufactured sometime around, oh, the early Bronze
Age. I would have preferred to have taken a cool smartphone,
but when faced with the choice of buying groceries or paying
for the smart phone data package, I opt for food every time.
Along the way, I was struck by how smartphones have pretty
much taken over the world. I never saw a single flip-top. I knew
lots of folks often used their smartphones to present their board-
ing passes for flights, but I didn’t know how many. Every other
person was doing it. I burned with shame as I contemplated my
wrinkled paper boarding pass every time I boarded a flight.
I wonder what would have happened if I’d have laid my flip-
top phone on the boarding pass scanner. It probably would have
resulted in an international security incident, so it’s good thing I
didn’t try it.
Anyway, I should try and keep up. I’m always behind the tech-
nological curve. Like with my cars, when everyone started driv-
ing vehicles with CD players, I still had a casette tape deck in my
car. By the time everyone was buying cars with USB ports for
their iPods and iPhones, I had just gotten a car with a CD player.
Ah, well. I heard a while back Indianapolis Colts quarterback
Andrew Luck has a flip-top phone. Maybe I’ll give him a call
on mine and ask him if his car still has a CD player.
— Dwight Harriman
Montana Best Times Editor
February 2015 — 4
Opinion
Trip highlights my ancient phone technology
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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Dwight Harriman, Editor • Tom Parisella, Designer
P.O. Box 2000, 401 S. Main St., Livingston MT 59047
Tel. (406) 222-2000 or toll-free (800) 345-8412 • Fax: (406) 222-8580
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Published monthly by Yellowstone Newspapers, Livingston, Montana
By Montana Best Times Staff
Montana is not just cattle country. It’s also farming
country. And a new book, “Lentil Underground: Rene-
gade Farmers and the Future of Food in America,” by
Liz Carlisle, gets at a growing issue, one could say — a
renegade way to farm.
As soon as journalist Carlisle joined United States Sen-
ator Jon Tester’s team as Legislative Correspondent for
Agriculture and Natural Resources, she immediately start-
ed getting calls from his fellow sustainable farmers, who
were clearly up to amazing things out in desolate central
Montana, a news release from publisher Gotham Books
says.
“Early on, Liz realized she had to figure out how some guy
in Conrad, Montana had turned a crash course with bankruptcy into
a million dollar business,” the release says. “And that’s when she
joined the ‘Lentil Underground,’ and met that guy, Timeless Seeds
founder, David Oien.”
The Lentil Underground is a group of renegade farmers who
share in their dedication to a common task: patiently building the
subterranean ecology of an entirely new type of business, cropping
system, and future. And when David Oien’s Timeless Seeds’ farm-
ers did ultimately open their homes and their financial records and
their family birthday dinners to Carlisle, it was because she shares
that dedication, too, the release says.
As told throughout, Carlisle, Dave and the renegade farmers are
all working toward a common task: patiently building an entirely
new type of business, cropping system, and future for American
agriculture. In “Lentil Underground,” Liz addresses these topics, as
well as, according to the release:
• The debate about how to feed the world, offering evidence that
we can produce adequate quantities of healthy food, take care of
the environment and develop rural economies at the same time.
• How agriculture can be more resilient to climate change and
use less water, which is key at a time when water shortages present
a critical challenge to our food system and society as a whole.
• How to fix the food system in the belly of the beast — the
American grain belt. “This world of family farm agriculture is far
removed from the farmers markets of coastal cities, but it’s what
will have to change if we’re really going to fix the problems with
industrial food,” the release says.
Liz Carlisle is a fellow at UC Berkeley’s Center for Diversified
Farming Systems. She holds a bachelor or arts from Harvard Uni-
versity and received her Ph.D. from the Department of Geography
at UC Berkeley. Before graduate school, Carlisle served as legisla-
tive correspondent for agriculture and natural resources in the
office of United States Sen. Jon Tester, an organic farmer from her
home state of Montana. A former country singer who once opened
shows for Travis Tritt, LeAnn Rimes and Sugarland, Carlisle
brings a populist flair to her writing, which has appeared in the
Smithsonian Magazine and Harvard Independent.
Bookshelf
February 2015 — 5
“Lentil Underground ”
• By Liz Carlisle
• Gotham Books 2015
• Hardcover • 298 pages
• 6” x 8 1/2”
• ISBN: 978-1-592-40920-4
New book features
renegade approach
to growing food
By Jamie Ausk Crisafulli
Montana Best Times
GLENDIVE — From Eureka to Ekala-
ka, Montanans throughout the state are
getting their fill of fruits and vegetables
year-round through Bountiful Baskets, a
food cooperative in which participants
may purchase baskets of produce and a
selection of specialty items every other
week.
There are nearly 100 Bountiful Baskets
drop sites in Montana.
Sally Stevens and Tanya Jolly started
Bountiful Baskets Food Co-op in May of
2006. According to the Bountiful Baskets
website (www.bountifulbaskets.org),
BBFC has grown from two sites and an
average of 120 families a cycle partici-
pating to hundreds of sites in 16 states
and countless participating families.
Each registered site receives baskets
every other week. Some cities have more
than one drop and therefore have a Boun-
tiful Baskets drop every week.
The co-op offers a conventional pro-
duce basket that is generally half fruit and
half veggies. The most recent basket in
Glendive offered rainbow chard, pota-
toes, spaghetti squash, romaine lettuce,
blueberries, strawberries, apples, orange
bell peppers, broccoli, pineapple and
grapefruit. Baskets vary every week.
Getting involved
The first Bountiful Basket drop in
Glendive took place in February of 2012.
Susan Slehofer, a Glendive site admin-
istrator, originally heard about Bountiful
Baskets from someone who was partici-
pating in another town. She decided to do
the research and see what she could do to
get a stop in Glendive. When she contact-
ed the Montana administrator, she found
out that someone already had the ball
rolling.
Slehofer said she made the decision to
show up to help at the first Bountiful
Baskets offered in Glendive and she has
been involved ever since. Slehofer, Coral
Campbell and Steve Zorn share the bulk
of the administrative work it takes to
keep the Glendive site going. Slehofer
estimates her total volunteer time per
drop-off to be two and half hours. Admin-
istrators are responsible for paperwork for
each drop and being onsite to unload
trucks and distribute the produce.
The time put in is well worth it to Sle-
hofer.
“I just like doing it, being with the people,
February 2015 — 6
Food cooperative provides bounty of affordable fruits and veggies
Coral Campbell and Steve Zorn add
potatoes to each basket during the Boun-
tiful Basket drop in Glendive on Jan. 4.
MT Best Times photos by Jamie Ausk Crisafulli
Bountiful Baskets
visiting with people and I like the produce we get,” she said.
Bountiful Baskets is run completely by volunteers. Local admin-
istrators volunteer their time and participants are asked to volunteer
at least occasionally at drop sites.
Unique variety
An avid gardener in the summer, Slehofer said she was initially
drawn to Bountiful Baskets by the low cost of the produce, particu-
larly the fruit, and because the co-op idea “seemed intriguing.”
What she has grown to appreciate about the Bountiful Baskets
experience is the unique variety of items offered. She has been find-
ing ways to use some items — like persimmons and fennel — that
she may not have tried if it weren’t for the program.
She said some of the participants will see something in their bas-
ket and give it away, saying they will never use it.
“I wish they would at least try it at least once,” she said.
Campbell said she also likes to see participants get the opportuni-
ty to try new items.
She said during one of the drops, a participant complained about
the rotten pears in her basket. It turned out those “pears” were actu-
ally avocados, something she hadn’t purchased before.
How it works
Each Bountiful Baskets site is limited to 96 baskets per drop.
Those who wish to participate must go to the website between 10
a.m. on Monday and 10 p.m. on Tuesday before the drop.
When it was first offered in Glendive, the basket limit was
reached in 10 minutes. Now, participation varies and the limit is
rarely reached. The drop times change occasionally as well. Sle-
hofer said that can affect the number of participants.
With the current 11 a.m. drop in Glendive, the numbers are a little
lower. When there was an early morning drop, numbers were up.
Cold weather forecasts also seem to affect the number of people
who are willing to come out to get baskets, Slehofer said.
The monetary contribution for one basket is $15 plus a transac-
tion fee ($4.50 per order in Montana) and is generally worth $50
retail, according to the co-op website. Participants can order up to
three baskets and several add-ons under one transaction fee. Organic
baskets can be purchased for $25. Campbell suggested individuals
who want to participate order together so they have to pay only one
transaction fee.
The money is well worth the items received each week, Zorn
said. While others have compared the cost of the exact produce at a
regular grocery store, Zorn said he usually compares about three of
the items and gets to the basket fee of $15, and counts the rest of the
items as bonuses.
In addition to www.bountifulbaskets.org, information about the
co-op can also be found by searching for Bountiful Baskets on
Facebook. Local sites often have Facebook pages as well, which
provide information about the drops as well as suggested ways to
use produce found in the baskets each week.
Reach Jamie Ausk Crisafulli at rreditor@rangerreview.com or
(406) 377-3303.
February 2015 — 7
Right: The most recent Bountiful Basket in Glendive included
romaine lettuce, oranges, spaghetti squash, rainbow chard,
potatoes, orange bell peppers, apples, strawberries, blueber-
ries, pineapple and broccoli. The baskets are generally 50 per-
cent vegetables and 50 percent fruits.
Top: Bountiful Baskets offers more than just the fruit and
veggie baskets. Every week there are add-on items available,
including granola, bread and tortillas.
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Call (406) 248-9117 • 1439 Main Street • Billings, MT
By M.P. Regan
Montana Best Times
DILLON — Patricia Carrick enjoys hik-
ing, camping and skiing in the beautiful,
peaceful, mountains around her Dillon
home.
But for her first trip following her retire-
ment at the end of last year, the 67-year-
old nurse practitioner chose to head to
Africa and what is right now one of the
most difficult and dangerous places on
earth — the city of Kailahun in Sierra
Leone. There, she rejoined the battle
against Ebola, the deadly, fast-moving
virus that in the past year has killed thou-
sands of people.
“You couldn’t keep Pat away from a sit-
uation like that — she sees a need and has
to help,” said Pam Mussard, case manager
at the Southwest Montana Community
Health Center’s Dillon Clinic, where she
and Carrick have worked together since
helping get the facility up and running in
2002.
“The situation in Sierra Leone is still
terrible, and now I have some experience
to contribute,” explained Carrick, shortly
before she left Montana on a chilly Jan. 4
for another trip to the hottest of the
world’s Ebola hot spots.
“As one person, you can’t do much. But
when you’re part of an organization that
can put one person on top of one person
on top of one person and build something
— that has an effect,” said Carrick of her
work in Africa with the organization Doc-
tors Without Borders (aka MSF, the acro-
nym for its French name, Médecins Sans
Frontières).
Carrick knew full well the limitations,
difficulties and dangers of providing
health care in Kailahun, where she previ-
ously worked from mid-September to mid-
October last year treating Ebola patients
— over half of whom died — in a make-
shift health care facility set up a few
months earlier.
“It’s one thing to have one patient in an
intensive care unit; it’s another to have
hundreds of patients in a series of tents,”
said Carrick, comparing how the handful
of Ebola patients who have turned up in
the U.S. have been treated compared to the
tens of thousands who have been stricken
in Sierra Leone, the small impoverished
African nation that was still recovering
from a lengthy civil war when last year it
became the country hardest hit by history’s
biggest Ebola outbreak.
Work clothes
One of the challenges faced by health
care providers treating Ebola patients in
Sierra Leone is simply getting dressed for
work in the country’s often sweltering
heat, a process Carrick detailed in a blog
she has been writing during her time in
Sierra Leone.
“I was in the ‘high risk’ area of the treat-
ment center yesterday, where the patients
with known Ebola infection are and where
we do a great deal of our work — though
in very small increments,” Carrick wrote
in a Sept. 17 post titled “A slow race
against time,” for her blog on the MSF
website.
“The dressing in personal protective
equipment (PPE) is a time-consuming
operation that feels for all the world like
pouring little kids into their hockey uni-
forms. And just like the little kids, no
sooner am I suited up than I need to pee. I
must grudgingly acknowledge that there
are a few disadvantages to this business of
aging.
“Anyway, once you are wearing the
non-breathable plastic suit, double gloves,
over-the-head mask, fogged-up goggles,
and heavy rubber boots, it’s a slow,
galumphing race against time in the 90+
degree ambient heat of the afternoon. You
have to move with great deliberation in
order to prevent any contact that could
jeopardize the integrity of your protective
gear or that of your partner — no falls, no
tears, no wasted movements, no rush —
but you must still work to get the most out
of your time to accomplish as many of the
necessary tasks as possible.
“Everything must be done before you
melt or pass out from the heat in the total-
ly non-breathable outfit.”
In December, back in Montana reflect-
ing on her first trip to Sierra Leone, Car-
rick said that, as uncomfortable as it was,
the PPE outfit was a relatively minor
inconvenience in a world of life-and-death
consequences.
“The suit is an issue. But the crux of the
problem is: How do you provide the best
care to the most people with the limited
resources available?” explained Carrick of
perhaps the most daunting challenge of
treating Ebola patients in Sierra Leone.
“Clinically, you’re always faced with
huge challenges in the Third World that
you’ve never seen before, with very few
resources with which to deal with them,”
she said.
Her life in rural Montana has helped her
address some of the challenges of working
in Africa with MSF, Carrick said.
“A lot of my experience in the outdoors
has been particularly helpful to me work-
ing in the Third Word because I can man-
age in pretty simple circumstances. As a
result of being a hiker and camper, I’ve
learned to do with less. That’s been as
helpful as my clinical background,” said
Carrick, who also likes to read and gar-
den.
February 2015 — 8
Dillon nurse practitioner joins fight against Ebola
Photo courtesy of Doctors Without Borders
PATRICIA CARRICK
Into Africa
Back in time, back in Montana
According to her work colleagues in
Montana, Carrick played a key role in
expanding medical services to underserved
people in Beaverhead County, through her
efforts in 2002 to help establish the Dillon
Clinic of the Southwest Montana Commu-
nity Health Center.
“Pat was there from start — she was
instrumental in getting the Southwest Mon-
tana Community Health Center in Dillon
going,” said Tammie Frost, who has also
worked at the Dillon Clinic since its 2002
founding, and summarized the clinic’s mis-
sion as helping patients who are uninsured
get medical health care at an affordable price.
“As a nurse practitioner, Pat was able to
see patients starting day one. She is very
methodical about what she does and very
concerned about her patients. It’s her com-
passion,” added Frost, who works in the
clinic’s billing department.
“I kind of came with the project,” smiled
Carrick, who had worked for three years at
the Southwest Montana Community Health
Center in Butte before starting at the Dillon
Clinic.
“You do a little bit of a lot of things —
and not a lot of anything,” said Carrick, of
performing health care work in a rural set-
ting like Dillon.
“It’s a really broad practice — always
broad and interesting and challenging. You
don’t have a lot of repetition. Every case is
something new, every person presents a
constellation of challenges you’ve never
seen before,” added Carrick, who grew up
in New Hampshire, New York and Vermont,
where her family owned a farm.
Carrick moved to Montana in 1977, when
the vehicle she was driving decided it
wasn’t going to move any further.
“It got me this far, then it was nothing but
trouble. It broke down and Dillon was as far
as they could haul it, and we never got it
going again,” recalled Carrick of the red Ford
pickup truck that brought her to Montana.
“I couldn’t afford to leave Dillon at first,
but I loved it here instantly,” said Carrick,
who at that point in her life had already
earned bachelor’s degrees in filmmaking
and psychology.
“I got a job moving irrigation pipe. I had
a job and then I had another job, and then I
had a daughter and needed a way to support
her, so I went back to college,” recalled Car-
rick of her decision to earn a nursing degree
at Montana State University in Bozeman,
where she later returned and also earned a
graduate degree.
“I’ve always been service oriented, and
nursing seemed like something that fit for
me. And I wanted to work in my own com-
munity,” said Carrick, who early in life
began to realize that her sense of communi-
ty and commitment extended beyond local
or even national borders.
‘I better do it now’
Carrick said she became aware of Doctors
Without Borders in the 1970s, when the
organization was founded by physicians
treating victims of famines in Biafra and
Bangladesh.
“I began to hear about Doctors Without
Borders in my 20s, and it became like a
background noise that over the years just
got louder and louder, until almost 40 years
down the road I started working with them,”
said Carrick, who was just shy of 60 when
she started with MSF, on a mission in the
African country of Malawi.
“When my mother didn’t need me any-
more and my daughter, Jess, went off to col-
lege, I thought, I may be older, but if I’m
going to do it, I better do it now,” said Car-
rick of her thought process before joining on
with Doctors Without Borders, while also
continuing to work in the Dillon Clinic.
“So I applied, and they actually accepted
me,” she said.
Back to Africa
Carrick’s current trip marks her fifth jour-
ney to Africa with Doctors Without Borders.
She travelled to Malawi in 2007 to help
with the organization’s efforts on behalf of
people infected with HIV and twice to
Sudan, in 2010 and 2012, to aid victims of
famine.
“I keep thinking that I’ll tell them I’m
available again and they’ll say I’m too old,
but it hasn’t happened yet,” said Carrick,
who plans to keep working with Doctors
Without Borders as long as she can aid its
efforts — and those of Sierra Leone’s
national staff health care workers.
“The heroism of the national staff in Sier-
ra Leone is inspiring. They go home every
day to communities in the midst of epidem-
ic, with family members and neighbors get-
ting sick and dying, and then they would
come to work and take care of people all
day, putting themselves at risk in both set-
tings — when an option would be to close
the doors of their houses and stay inside and
send somebody out for food once in a
while,” commented Carrick, who said the
current Ebola outbreak in West Africa has
given cause for everyone in the world to
reconsider their relationships with everyone
else in the world.
“This has forced us all to look at the extent
of our responsibility to one another globally,
when we have whole nations without the
capacity to deal with this,” she said. “It’s nev-
er been put into such acute perspective —
we’ve never been so scared for ourselves
over something going on so far away. We can
see how that does have an impact on us.”
Carrick says working in Sierra Leone,
you can see the impact of your efforts right
in front of you, in the most important and
dramatic way.
“We had a 36 percent survival rate when I
arrived at the Sierra Leone treatment center,
and it was up to 46 percent by the time I
left,” said Carrick, who explained that every
patient cured of the Ebola virus becomes a
cause for celebration.
“It’s wonderful. We throw a party. They
are greeted by everyone who is around,
cheering,” she said.
Carrick’s fellow staffers in the Dillon
Clinic said she made certain they could take
on all her patients without any of them suf-
fering a break in care, before she “retired”
— a relative term in her case.
“We have a very strong staff there — two
young doctors and a nurse practitioner. So
it’s a great time for me to step back a bit,”
said Carrick, who has agreed to return to the
Dillon Clinic in the spring to cover a mater-
nity leave.
“I guess if you’re immersed in your work,
in one form or another, you can call it retire-
ment,” said Carrick. “But it’s only retire-
ment in a certain sense. It’s retirement from
a job, but not from life.”
Reach M.P. Regan at mregan@dillontri-
bune.com or (406) 683-2331.
February 2015 — 9
Photo courtesy of Patricia Carrick
Carrick, right, and a co-worker are pic-
tured at work against the Ebola virus
in Sierra Leone last year.
By Amorette Allison
Montana Best Times
MILES CITY — Richard Coffman’s life
reads like the script for a motion picture.
His mother died of tuberculosis when he
was child in the Depression years. He was
educated in one-room schools in the Mid-
west, had his first crushes, discovered he
loved reading — including news maga-
zines for information about world affairs
— and found himself, like everyone of his
generation, facing World War II. Then
came a pretty girl from a small town in
Montana, and working for the FBI.
“I had the luckiest life in the world,”
Coffman said during a recent interview.
Last summer, his story of that lucky,
fascinating, lucky life, “Eyewitness to J.
Edgar Hoover’s FBI,” was published.
Origins of the book
The book had it origins in a box Coff-
man received after his stepmother died.
The box contained items that had belonged
to his father that his stepmother assembled
before her death. Among those items,
which Coffman had never seen before,
was his mother’s diary. She had died when
he was a young child.
Coffman decided to write up the diary
for a history of the Missouri county he
grew up in that was being compiled by the
local historical society. He also sent the
pages to a journalist friend.
The friend said the story was so power-
ful it deserved to be published, if not on its
own, then as the basis for a novel.
Coffman, however, couldn’t see how a
few pages could be made into a book, and
he certainly didn’t see himself as a novel-
ist. However, the experience had
impressed upon him the importance of
February 2015 — 10
Montanan’s book sheds light on unique time in American history
Richard Coffman is pictured holding his
new book, “Eyewitness to J. Edgar
Hoover’s FBI,” recently.
MT Best Times photo by Steve Allison
‘Eyewitness to
J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI’
recording family history, and he decided to write a little of his
own life’s story — including his days for his children — son
Bruce, born in 1952 and daughter Buffy, born in 1956.
It was a life that included his days as an FBI agent during the J.
Edgar Hoover era.
After 10 years of adding a bit here and there and doing genea-
logical research, Coffman had an 800-page book. He decided that
was a bit long and spent two years editing it down until it ran
around 500 pages. Then he found a publisher, and more time was
spent in editing and proofreading before his book was published
by XLibris Publishing in 2014.
While the title talks about Coffman’s days with the FBI, much
of the book concerns his childhood and youth, and his life after
meeting and marrying Miles City native Wilma Jean Trzcinski.
They met while both were attending different schools in the
same Missouri town. Coffman soon learned that the first name
was not popular with his new girl and that she preferred to be
called “Jeanne.” And so she was for the rest of their lives.
With the FBI
Coffman’s adventures included time in Japan right after
World War II — during which he wrote regular letters to
Jeanne. After marrying Jeanne, his adventures included being a
private pilot along his wife, who was an avid flyer. They were
also sports car fans.
His time with the FBI covered a number of important historical
events, including the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Coffman has insider insights on this and other events during his
tenure.
Coffman’s book confirms stories about Hoover and his views
of the FBI office in Butte: “Hoover thought Butte was the end of
the earth,” he said.
At one time, there was a move to close the Butte office.
Montana’s U.S. Senator Mike Mansfield made an agreement
with Hoover and the office stayed open. Oddly enough, many
of the agents, once they were sent to Butte for punishment,
found they liked the rural area, with its hunting and fishing,
and the punishment wasn’t as effective as Hoover might have
expected.
Coffman’s book covers a broad span of years and a broad span
of adventures, both happy and sad. He tells about Margery, the
love of his early years, who never returned from her service as a
nurse in World War II. He also touches on his war experience in
the Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC), which included a stint in
Japan just after the surrender.
Another novel-like moment in the book describes how his life
as an FBI agent begins he as departs Missouri where he and his
bride were living: “With a suitcase containing my wedding suit,
fortunately dark blue, a few white shirts (all dress shirts then
were white) a tie or two … a London Fog raincoat and a newish
snapped brim hat, I boarded railway coaches of the Missouri
Pacific.”
The details of those years include brief biographies of charac-
ters like “Miss Gandy,” who was Hoover’s secretary; “Big Irish,”
senior agent in Boston; and the Soviet chauffeur known as “Tar-
zan” and another Soviet Coffman called “Felix.”
His postings with the FBI included Boston, Washington, D.C.,
and, by preference, Salt Lake City as a way to move “back West”
and get away from the big city life of Washington, D.C., or WDC,
as Coffman calls it.
Settling in Miles City
After living a life of adventure and excitement, and day-to-day
bringing up the kids, and picking out an airplane for his wife to
fly, Richard and Jeanne Coffman decided to retire to either Butte
or Miles City. Jeanne found Butte was no longer the Butte she
had visited when she was young, so they settled in Miles City.
Jeanne’s gone now. The kids live on opposite coasts. Coffman
doesn’t get out as much in icy weather, but he still considers his
life to be the luckiest anyone ever lived.
“Eyewitness to J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI” is available at amazon.
com.
Reach Amorette Allison at mcreporter@midrivers.com or (406)
234-0450.
February 2015 —11
Coffman’s book confirms stories
about Hoover and his views of the
FBI office in Butte: “Hoover
thought Butte was the end of the
earth,” Coffman said.
Shown is the cover of Richard Coffman’s new book.
By Doreen Heintz
Montana Best Times
LEWISTOWN — After 35-plus years of
teaching, one could hardly blame Jim and
Mary Jo Hamling if they did actually
“retire” after decades in their math class-
rooms in Lewistown.
Mary Jo taught math at Fergus High
School, while Jim was a math teacher at
Lewistown Junior High.
“I retired from teaching on June 2, 2007,
at approximately 3 p.m. after being in the
classroom for 38 years” Jim quipped. “I
knew it was time. I still really enjoyed
teaching, but I wanted to be done before I
didn’t like it anymore.”
Like Jim, Mary Jo also retired in 2007.
But it’s hardly been retirement. The
Hamlings have gone from being full-time
teachers to shifting gears and serving the
Lewistown community in other ways —
much of it still involving students.
Still involved in math
Jim began his teaching career in Moore.
“I got my first job because I could hit a
jump shot,” Jim joked about making a
name for himself as a basketball player at
Wibaux. “The person who hired me knew
me when I was in high school in Wibaux.”
Following three years at Moore, Jim
taught in Shelby for five years, and then
he came to Lewistown. He spent four
years teaching at Fergus High School and
his final 26 years teaching at the junior
high. Jim also was an assistant basketball
and assistant track coach for several years.
Jim is very proud of the math students
he has taught over the years. He worked
hard in the classroom getting his students
to understand math. He also began the
very popular MATHCOUNTS extracurric-
ular program at Lewistown.
According to the MATHCOUNTS web-
site, the program “strives to engage middle
school students of all ability and interest
levels in fun, challenging math programs.
In addition, MATHCOUNTS provides stu-
dents with kinds of experiences that foster
growth and transcend fear to lay a founda-
tion for future success.”
“There were no programs in Montana
during the first year of MATHCOUNTS,”
Jim said, “and in the second year, we did not
have a program in Lewistown, but we have
had a very competitive program ever since.”
Even though Jim has retired from teach-
ing, he still works with students in MATH-
COUNTS. Current junior high math teach-
er Katherine Spraggins is the head of the
program at the junior high, with Jim as her
assistant.
“We begin working with the students in
an extracurricular setting twice a week usu-
ally just after teachers’ convention,” said
Jim. “Once we get close to the chapter com-
petition, we may begin working three times
a week. For competition, a team of four stu-
dents are selected based on how they do on
math tests. We can take a total of 10 stu-
dents to the competition with the other six
scored as individuals. We usually have
between nine and 20 kids who compete
each year. The top 25 percent of the teams at
the chapter competition qualify for state.
“In spite of competing against schools
twice our size, we have done amazingly
February 2015 — 12
Retired teachers continue to serve community in many ways
Mary Jo and Jim Hamling are pictured at their home in Lewistown. MT Best Times photos by Doreen Heintz
Retired? Not quite
well over the years.”
In 2007, Jim was named the MATHCOUNTS Hero for the
state of Montana and attended the national MATHCOUNTS con-
vention in Fort Worth, Texas.
During his years of teaching, Jim was active in the Montana
Council of Mathematics Teachers, serving as president in 2008.
He taught many sectionals at MCMT conventions and attended
many of those gatherings over the years.
“Attending these conventions really helped me get out in the
world,” said Jim.
Teaching Title 1 and math
Following graduation from Granite High School in Philipsburg
and college, Mary Jo began her teaching career in Deer Lodge at
the junior high. After four years there, Mary Jo came to Lewis-
town and began teaching Title I in what locals call “the old high
school” — the building used before the new Fergus High facility
was completed in 1986.
In 1981, the enrollment at Fergus dropped dramatically. Jim
and Mary Jo both lost their positions, with Jim moving to the
junior high and Mary Jo teaching in Thompson Falls. After two
years, Mary Jo moved back to Lewistown to teach Title 1 math
and regular classroom math classes at Fergus High School.
It was after she returned to Lewistown that Mary Jo and Jim
were married.
Teaching in other ways
Mary Jo and Jim have remained important members of the
Lewistown community since their retirement, but one thing they
do enjoy is not having to be at work every morning and having
more free time
About three times a year, the couple team up to teach the
AARP driver safety course.
“The program was updated in January 2014,” said Jim. “We
now have all new videos, and the program is very well organized.”
The program, for drivers over 50, is called “Smart Driver.”
“We think it is a very worthwhile program,” added Mary Jo.
“Roundabouts and how to get in and out of them are included in
the new video, along with new signs that are seen on our high-
ways. The program is only four hours in length, but it is a great
refresher for older drivers.”
The Hamlings said insurance companies give discounts to driv-
ers over 50 who take the course.
Another important service the Hamlings provide to students in
the community is helping them with the math review for the ACT
test each year.
Currently, in Montana every junior in high school is given the
opportunity to take the ACT test free on a set Tuesday in April.
Before that date, the Hamlings provide five days when they give
freely of their time to help students with the math review. If a student
decides to retake the ACT as a senior, the Hamlings always welcome
working with the student for a review before retaking the test.
“It may be that a student has not had any geometry for a couple of
years,” explained Mary Jo. “These reviews provide them with the
opportunity to go back over math concepts they may have forgotten.”
They also offer practical tips on taking the test.
For example, the math portion of the ACT test is 60 questions
in 60 minutes.
“We remind students to only do questions they can answer or
solve in one minute,” said Jim.
The Hamlings also tutor students who might be having trouble
in math.
From snowplowing to track meets
And during the winter, Jim stays busy with other tasks as well
— like snowplowing neighborhood sidewalks.
“I have 26 sidewalks that I snowblow between 30 and 35 times
a year,” said Jim.
Jim shifts gears in the summer to mowing lawns.
“I presently have 28 lawns I mow each summer,” added Jim. “I
don’t mow them all every week, but usually average about 15 a
week. Many of them have underground sprinkler systems, so they
even need mowed during August.”
In addition, Jim runs the clock at FHS home volleyball matches
and is the marshal at local track meets.
“I don’t know much about volleyball, so I just watch the referee
when to give a team a point,” said Jim, “But we have had a lot of
good volleyball teams over the past years, and they are fun to watch.”
Marshaling a track meet involves getting the athletes ready for
each heat of the different running events.
Jim has enjoyed being a runner over the years and was head of
the annual Chokecherry Run for over 20 years. During most of
those years, he was also the starter for the races.
Mentoring
Mary Jo has served the Central Montana Mentoring Program
for many years. The mentoring program involves matching high
school students with elementary students in the Lewistown
School District. The high school mentor spends time with a stu-
dent each week. The program has a large group activity once a
month for the mentors and students.
“It is a great program for both ages of kids,” said Mary Jo. “I
was one of the faculty sponsors when I was teaching at the high
school. Once I retired from teaching, I served on the board of
directors for the program.”
Mary Jo was the chairwoman of the board from 2010 to 2013.
She just stepped down from the board in 2014.
Jim and Mary Jo have one son who works in Missoula and is a
member of the Helena Symphony. Jim also has three other chil-
dren — Jeff, a minister in Bozeman; Debbie, who lives in Las
Vegas; and Kim, who lives in Miles City. The couple also have
seven grandchildren.
Reach Doreen Heintz at Doreen Heintz sports@lewistown-
news.com or (406) 535-3401.
February 2015 — 13
Keeping the clock and score at Fergus High School volleyball
matches is one of the many volunteer jobs Jim Hamling,
right, enjoys after retiring from teaching.
By Carlos Frias
The Palm Beach Post/TNS
Sounds of delight welcome Don Chester wherever he goes.
And it usually has little to do with him.
A solid 10 seconds before anyone ever says hello to him —
before they even notice him, really — adults turn on baby voices
and fawn over the blonde at his side.
Pollyanna is a real “chick magnet,” Chester’s wife said. So
much so that Chester’s wife started requiring her husband —
only half-jokingly — to wear his wedding ring whenever he
leaves the house with her.
It’s been 10 years since he started this affair with his platinum-
blond assistant. But everyone seems willing to overlook the
indiscretion of another female invited into the Chesters’ home
because of what she’s meant to all their lives.
It was 10 years ago that Don Chester, 68, left his home for an
early morning run and didn’t return for six months.
When he finally did, Pollyanna came with him. And she has
never left.
Chester was hit by a car on Christmas Eve of 2004 as he
trained for a triathlon. His spinal cord was severed and he was
paralyzed from the chest down. An electric wheelchair perma-
nently replaced his running shoes. He could still use his arms but
lost the dexterity in his hands.
His wife, Sally, a lifelong nurse, became his rock. His employ-
er, St. Mary’s Medical Center, where he has worked as an admin-
istrator and community liaison since 1973, not only saved his life
when he was rushed there after the accident but accommodated
his surroundings so he could return to work two years later.
But even with their support, Chester feared he would never be
independent again.
“At first, I thought I’d prefer to die of thirst than to ask some-
one to open a bottle of water for me,” Chester said.
Then along came Polly.
Sally researched everything her newly disabled husband would
February 2015 — 14
Madeline Gray/Palm Beach Post/TNS
Don Chester pets his service dog, Pollyanna, as she carries her bowl around waiting to be fed.
Don and Polly:
Travel
Man who was hit by car and his
service dog have a unique friendship
need, and at the top of the list was a service dog.
And so, in September 2005, Pollyanna — her litter of Labrador
retriever pups was named for Disney characters — came to the
Chesters.
She is what was missing.
Pollyanna, an almost-white yellow Lab, became part compan-
ion, part tool. She has been trained to turn on lights, open and
close doors, go for help, warn Don of obstacles and, above all,
retrieve:
The remote. A dropped house key (fitted with a tassel she can
grab with her mouth). Even a business card, stepping on one cor-
ner and grabbing the other with her teeth.
“Thankfully, she’s not much of a drooler,” Chester jokes.
The Chesters had been dog owners — dog lovers — before
Polly. They always had at least two rescues at home.
But not until Polly did they fully realize what she would mean
to someone like Don — fiercely independent, highly competitive,
infinitely social — adapting to life with a handicap.
On an average Wednesday morning nearly 10 years to the date
since he was paralyzed, Chester wheels down the corridors of St.
Mary’s hospital, where he has worked for 43 years, with Polly at
his side.
He’s lucky, he says. Uses the actual word.
Not everyone who is paralyzed can return to the very job they
were doing before the accident.
“A roofer would have to be trained into a whole new profes-
sion,” Chester said.
And how many return to a job at a hospital, where every door-
way and elevator, every ramp and bathroom, is compliant with
the Americans with Disabilities Act?
He rarely thinks about the actual accident. The woman who hit
him was never charged with a crime. Don was told she “did
everything she was supposed to do”: stopped immediately, called
for help and stayed until the ambulance arrived. He has never
asked her name or sought her out. He only knows she was on her
way to work in Palm Beach that morning.
“To me, it was an accident. That’s all it was,” he says. “I don’t
blame anybody.”
And he has never sought out the medical records, which are
kept at St. Mary’s, and he has told the records clerks to ask him,
“Are you sure you want to see these?” if he ever asks.
“It’s good not to have memories of that, because I’m sure it
wasn’t a pleasant time,” he said.
He’d rather focus on where he is now, which, at the moment, is
in the midst of giddy catcalling.
“Oh, look at her. Just look at her!” one of Chester’s co-work-
ers, Michele Ritter, says.
“She’s the sweetest ...” says another.
And another, “Oh, she’s so awesome ...!”
Co-workers who see Don and Polly every single day are loving
on the attention-hound like they haven’t seen her in months.
Polly has turned her body to lean against Ritter’s legs, staring
up with those always-soulful Lab eyes and — is that a smile?
Because it sure looks like a dog smile.
“Polly? Hey Pol? Come, Polly. Pol, c’mon...” Chester is calling
with a half-smile. She’s not going anywhere until after a few
more belly rubs.
Polly has been taught a command — “make a friend” — that
Chester has scarcely had to use.
“You have to have no ego,” he jokes. “Pretty much everybody
will say hello to her first.”
In his office, Don is seated at the U-shaped desk adapted for his
use.
His wheelchair glides up to and under it where his hands can
float over the keyboard. He wears a pair of cuffs over his hands
with a pointer attached to each palm that he uses to tap away at
the keyboard, swiftly like a hunt-and-pecker.
He prefers to do as much as he can to keep himself active, from
typing instead of using the slick dictation system with a micro-
phone, to walking Polly instead of asking an office assistant to
take her out twice a day.
Still, the microphone is a big part of his life. Using a program
called Dragon Dictation, he can reply to emails and using his
iPhone’s functionality can send texts. He even has it set to flash
February 2015 — 15
Don Chester rides a hand-cycle bike around his
neighborhood. Ten years ago, the former
triathlete was hit by a car and paralyzed from
the chest down. As a result of his injury, he no
longer sweats, so when he rides his bike, he often
wears ice collars and must constantly be aware
of his temperature.
Madeline Gray/Palm Beach Post/TNS)
an LED light when he receives a call or text. He keeps it face-
down in his lap and defuses the blinking by telling people not
to mind his flashing crotch.
Rather than be frustrated at not being able to do things the
way he used to, Don has adapted things around him to his new
condition. Because his hands are paralyzed into a permanent
karate-chop stiffness, he and Sally have improvised gadgets.
There’s a plastic hook stuck to the back of his iPhone case
that he can loop a finger through to pick up. The mail-order
cuffs with the pointers can also be fitted with a pen.
“My handwriting was bad before,” he jokes.
Another set of cuffs is fitted with a fork and spoon.
“We don’t let him have knives too often,” Sally jokes.
His method for getting things done has changed, but he gets
them done all the same.
Learning to accept help, though, was the biggest adjustment.
“I knew I wasn’t going to be able to be with him 100 percent
of the time,” Sally said.
Now, in the mornings, his assistant, Lissette Tamargo, pours
him water and keeps his cup filled throughout the day. After
the accident, one of the nerves that controls his ability to sweat
was permanently damaged so he has to remain hydrated and be
careful of overheating.
Sally found cups with handles wide enough so he can slip his
hands through with a top and a straw.
Tamargo opens his eyeglass case in the mornings and polish-
es his lenses and puts them back at the end of the day.
His day-to-day job, as the hospital’s government relations
liaison, is unchanged. Most of the time, Polly lies under his
desk, dozing unseen, like George Costanza.
“She’s invisible until she’s necessary,” St. Mary’s CEO
Davide Carbone said after his daily morning meeting in a
packed conference room with Don, Polly and the rest of the
administrative staff.
Chester’s smile and good nature lure you in, his sense of
humor breaking down the barriers that often exist between the
handicapped and those who aren’t.
What set Chester apart — and brought out everyone from the
community, including such politicians as Lois Frankel and
Mark Foley, to donate to a fund to retrofit his modest home
south of Forest Hill Boulevard — is his personality.
He remembers people’s names, loves to engage them with
stories. In a place like the hospital, which can be cold, sterile,
impersonal, it’s a ray of sunshine.
Chester has worked here for 43 years. He knows everyone
from the head pastor to the newest cashier. He knows every
hallway and what’s behind every storage closet, down to the
location of the transfer switch to alternate to generator power
in case of an outage, from his time as the physical plant man-
ager.
The man knows this place, these people.
Before Polly, all he had worked for was in jeopardy.
He learned the hard way that others have a hard time relating
to people with disabilities. They look away. Give them a wide
berth in hallways. Stand awkwardly in elevators.
Polly changed all that.
New Horizons Service Dogs provided her after months of
interviews and several meetings with Don, Sally and their dogs
at the time. Now, she fits in perfectly with their four-legged
family, dogs Comet, Shadow and JP.
“She came running in the house and I remember thinking she
was the most beautiful dog I’d ever seen,” Don said.
Whenever he wheels along with his blonde bombshell at his
side, he’s immediately the center of attention. Well, maybe just
outside the center, since Polly loves the spotlight.
She erases the distance. People notice the dog instead of the
wheelchair.
“You bring Polly with you, and that’s the icebreaker,” Ches-
ter said. “People see her, and they feel good.”
February 2015 — 16
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Pollyanna wears her official St. Mary’s Medical Center badge
as she accompanies Don Chester around the hospital in West
Palm Beach, Florida.
By Diane Mastrull
The Philadelphia Inquirer/TNS
ROXBOROUGH, Pa. — Surrounded by vintage milkshake
machines, waffle irons, Pyrex bowls, percolators, toasters, refrig-
erators, pizzelle makers, blenders, radios, clocks, electric fry
pans, colanders, sifters, pots, lids, aluminum ice cube trays, and
6,000 to 8,000 Life magazines, among other things, Rich Boris
had a candid explanation for the origin four years ago of his
Kitch-n Collectibles shop in Roxborough.
“It’s called hoarding,” he said with a laugh.
That, combined with this practical thought as Boris, a retired
Philadelphia firefighter, headed into his 60s: “Once you’re old
enough to start collecting Social Security, you have to start sell-
ing stuff.”
He has a long way to go.
February 2015 — 17
Clem Murray/Philadelphia Inquirer/TNS
Rich Boris, 63, owner of Kitch-n Collectibles in Philadelphia, stands amid his wares — restored old appliances that are
celebrated and purchased by consumers who aren’t impressed with the modern appliances.
Decluttering and divesting at
Kitch-n Collectibles in Roxborough, Pa.
Now 63, Boris
confided that
what’s on display
in his crammed,
yet orderly,
1,000-square-foot
store on Ridge
Avenue at Green
Lane is just a
third of what he
has amassed.
The rest —
including two
dozen refrigera-
tors from the
1930s and ’40s
that a local body
shop will cus-
tom-paint for
buyers — is in
storage in two
garages and the
basement of an apartment building.
“You start buying and can’t stop,” said Boris, who just used his
late mother, Matilda’s, Model 7 Sunbeam Mixmaster, a wedding
gift from 1946, for his Christmas baking.
He blames his late father, James, also a firefighter, for his aver-
sion to discarding.
“My dad would take things and fix them,” he said. His elder’s
philosophy: “You never throw anything out until it’s really dead.”
And the way things were made back then, they lasted a long
time — on undisputable display inside Kitch-n Collectibles,
where everything leaves the store in working order and is guaran-
teed for a minimum of 30 days after purchase.
Promoting their continued use is part nostalgia for Boris.
“You look at this stuff, and you see a time when we built things
in the United States,” he said, mentioning the rich Ohio clay that
was the basis of Fiesta ceramic dinnerware, and the prime silica
that made New York a natural setting for Corning Ware and
Pyrex.
There was also RCA in Camden and appliance king Philco at G
& Tioga Streets in Philadelphia, Boris noted.
His collecting began with Life magazines dating back to 1936
more than 25 years ago, followed by the cooking gadgets that
now line the shelves, windowsill, ceiling, and walls of Kitch-n
Collectibles, named by his partner “because he thought it was a
kitschy kind of place.”
From the time back problems forced his retirement from the
fire department in 1991 until about 2000, Boris said, he was “fid-
dling around fixing these things, realizing I wasn’t making any
money.”
He turned to the Internet. Soon, he was selling 10 to 20 ads a
month from his Life archive for $7 to $10 each. Meanwhile, he
kept picking up household items at flea markets and yard sales.
In 2010, a friend was opening a consignment shop on Main
Street and offered Boris some sales space. In six months, she tri-
pled his rent because he was outselling her, Boris said. The Rox-
borough native’s thoughts turned uphill, to a once-thriving com-
mercial strip.
“I remember what Ridge Avenue used to be,” he said, bemoan-
ing the loss of shoe retailers, men’s shops, and even the Penn Jer-
sey Auto Parts store that stood where Kitch-n Collectibles does
now.
But with a monthly rent of $1,500 and tax bills amounting to
an additional $300, sales are “not enough to make money,” he
said, declining to disclose revenue specifics from the store and
his website (www.kitch-n.com, which was not accessible because
Boris was changing hosts).
“The street has been difficult because we’ve lost I can’t tell you
how many stores,” he said. “The economics are difficult.”
Boris did say 2014 provided “one of our best fourth quarters,”
with sales up 40 percent to 50 percent over Q4 2013. In-store
sales increased year over year about 10 percent to 15 percent, he
said.
He’s especially heartened to see repeat customers, affirmation
to Boris that he’s filling a need — beyond his own to divest and
declutter.
One of those customers is Judy, 66, a retired bank employee,
who did not want her last name used because she didn’t want
people to know she collects antiques.
“It’s fun to reminisce walking through that store,” she said.
Among the reminders of the past she has brought home: a
Hamilton Beach blender and a Sunbeam electric coffeemaker,
both from the 1940s, and a Delta toaster from the 1950s that
emits slices from both sides at the bottom.
In Judy’s house, coffee takes about 15 minutes to percolate.
She wouldn’t have it any other way:
“I’m just an old-fashioned-type gal, I guess.”
February 2015 — 18
Clem Murray/Philadelphia Inquirer/TNS
Above: These are two of the approximately 8,000 Life
Magazines stored in Rich Boris’ store.
Below: A Sunbeam Mixmaster Junior from the late 1950s.
February 2015 — 19
Custer & Rosebud counties
- Clinic Ambassador: Need volunteer to
greet patients and visitors, providing direc-
tions and more.
- Custer County Food Bank: Volunteers
needed for food distribution Tuesdays,
Wednesdays and Thursdays.
- Custer County Network Against Domestic
Violence: Crisis line volunteer needed.
- Historic Miles City Academy: Volunteers
needed to assist in thrift store and mainte-
nance.
- Holy Rosary Health Care: Volunteer
receptionists needed at the front desk.
- Kircher School: Volunteer to deliver
lunches from Miles City to school, 2-3 times
per week, lunch provided and mileage paid.
- Soup Kitchen: Volunteers needed to greet,
serve and/or wash dishes, and make sand-
wiches.
- St. Vincent DePaul: Volunteers to assist in
several different capacities.
- WaterWorks Art Museum: Volunteer
receptionists needed, 2 hour shifts Tuesdays-
Sundays.
If you are interested in these or other volun-
teer opportunities contact: Betty Vail, RSVP
Director; 210 Winchester Ave. #225, MT
59301; phone (406) 234-0505; email:
rsvp05@midrivers.com.
Dawson County
- Local Farm to Table Store: Someone to
help in and during store hours, 11 a.m.-6
p.m.
- RSVP Program: Looking to establish
“Telephone Reassurance” program entailing
volunteers (needed) calling shut-ins on a
regular basis to check on their welfare.
If you have a need for or a desire to volun-
teer somewhere in the community, contact:
Patty Atwell, RSVP Director, 604 Grant,
Glendive, MT 59330; phone (406) 377-
4716; email: rsvp@midrivers.com.
Fergus, Judith Basin counties
- America Reads program: Local schools
need reading tutors.
- Boys and Girls Club: Need volunteers to
serve as tutors.
- Community Cupboard (Food Bank): Vol-
unteers are needed to help any week morn-
ings as well as with deliveries.
- Central Montana Fairgrounds: Would
welcome volunteers with experience in
office work to help with miscellaneous cleri-
cal duties, up to five hours per week.
- Council on Aging: volunteers needed to
assist at the Senior Center (Grub Steaks) and
with home delivered meals and senior trans-
portation.
- Library and Art Center: Volunteer help
always appreciated.
- ROWL (Recycle Our Waste Lewistown):
Recruiting volunteers for the third Saturday
of the month to help sorting, baling and
loading recyclables
- Treasure Depot: Thrift store needs volun-
teers to sort, hang clothes and put other items
on display for sale.
- Always have various needs for your skills
and volunteer services in our community.
Contact: RSVP Volunteer Coordinator
Sara Wald, 404 W. Broadway, Wells Fargo
Bank building, (upstairs), Lewistown, MT
59457; phone (406) 535-0077; email: rsv-
plew@midrivers.com.
Gallatin County
- American Cancer Society-Road to
Recovery: Drivers needed for patients
receiving treatments from their home to the
hospital
- American Red Cross Blood Drive: Two
volunteer opportunities available: an ambas-
sador needed to welcome, greet, thank and
provide overview for blood donors; and
phone team volunteers needed to remind,
recruit or thank blood donors. Excellent cus-
tomer service skills needed, training will be
provided, flexible schedule.
- Befrienders: Befriend a senior; visit on a
regular weekly basis.
- Belgrade Senior Center: Meals on
Wheels needs regular and substitute drivers,
before noon, Monday-Friday, to deliver
meals to seniors.
- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Be a positive
role model for only a few hours each week.
- Bozeman and Belgrade Sacks Thrift
Stores: Need volunteers 2-3-hour shifts on
any day, Monday-Saturday 9:30 a.m.–6 p.m.
- Bozeman Deaconess Hospital: Volunteers
needed for the information desks in the Atri-
um and the Perk, 8 a.m.-noon, noon- 4 p.m.
- Bozeman Senior Center Foot Clinic:
Retired or nearly retired nurses are urgently
needed, two days a month, either 4- or
8-hour shifts.
- Community Café: Volunteer needed, 2-3
hours at the beginning and end of the month,
to enter computer data into Excel spread-
sheets.
- Galavan: Volunteer drivers needed Mon-
day-Friday, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. CDL required
and Galavan will assist you in obtaining one.
Also volunteers are needed to make remind-
er calls and confirm rides for the following
day.
- Gallatin Rest Home: Volunteers wanted
for visiting the residents, sharing your
knowledge of a craft, playing cards or read-
ing to a resident.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank: Volunteers
needed to deliver commodities to seniors in
their homes once a month. Deliveries in Bel-
grade are especially needed.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank Huffing For
Stuffing: Volunteers needed for race registra-
tion and water tables.
- HRDC Housing Department Ready to
Rent: Offering a comprehensive curriculum
for families and individuals who have rental
barriers such as lack of poor rental history,
property upkeep, renter responsibilities,
landlord/tenant communication and financial
priorities. Call or email Kate at 585-4856 or
readytorent@thehrdc.org for more informa-
tion.
- HRDC Vita Program: Volunteer Income
Tax Assistance Program: Volunteers needed
to help with paperwork beginning at the end
of January, training provided.
- Habitat for Humanity Restore: Belgrade
store needs volunteers for general help, sort-
ing donations and assisting customers.
- Heart of The Valley: Compassionate vol-
unteers especially needed to love, play with
and cuddle cats.
- Help Center: Computer literate volunteer
interested in entering data into a social ser-
vices database. Also volunteers needed to
make phone calls to different agencies/pro-
grams to make sure database is up to date and
make safety calls to home bound seniors.
- Jessie Wilber Gallery at The Emerson:
Volunteers needed on Wednesdays, Thurs-
days, and Fridays to greet people at the main
desk, answer questions and keep track the
number of visitors.
- Museum of the Rockies: Variety of oppor-
tunities available such as helping in the gift
shop and more.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to quilt,
knit, crochet and embroider hats for chemo
patients, baby blankets and other handmade
goods once a week (can work from home).
- Three Forks Food Bank: Volunteer needed
on Mondays and/or Thursday’s to help with
administrative duties, including answer
phones and questions, some paper and com-
puter work. They will train.
- Warming Center: Volunteers are needed
for overnight shifts at the center, training is
provided.
- Your unique skills and interests are need-
ed, without making a long-term commit-
ment, in a variety of ongoing, special, one-
time events.
Contact: Debi Casagranda, RSVP Pro-
gram Coordinator, 807 N. Tracy, Bozeman,
MT 59715; phone (406) 587-5444; fax (406)
582-8499; email:dcasagranda@thehrdc.org.
Musselshell, Golden Valley &
Petroleum counties
- America Reads: Tutor students in the
See RSVP, Page 21
Below is a list of volunteer openings available through the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) in
communities across southern Montana. To learn more about RSVP, call (800) 424-8867 or TTY (800) 833-3722;
or log on to www. seniorcorps.org.
RSVP
On The Menu
With Jim Durfey
February 2015 — 20
Slow Cooker Orange Chicken
2 large carrots, peeled and sliced about a half inch thick
2 large red or green bell peppers, cut into half inch chunks
3 cloves garlic, finely minced
4 boneless, skinless chicken breasts cut into bite size pieces
1 tbsp. fresh ginger, grated or minced
1 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. pepper
8 oz. orange juice concentrate
Orange segments from one orange for garnish
2 green onions, chopped, for garnish
Hot cooked rice
Put carrots, peppers and garlic in slow cooker. Add, chicken,
ginger, salt, pepper and frozen orange juice. Cover and cook
on low four to six hours. Serve chicken on hot cooked rice.
Top with orange segments and green onions. Serve chicken
liquid in gravy boat, if desired.
If you’re looking for a new cocktail to serve guests in
February, the one below is very refreshing. It also has a red
blush which is an appropriate color for a drink that’s served
around Valentine’s Day.
Cranberry & Elderflower Liqueur
Sparkler
1 cup vodka
3 oz. elderflower liqueur
1/2 c. cranberry juice
1 1/2 c. club soda
Put all ingredients in pitcher with lots of ice. Stir until well
combined. Serve in cocktail glass with a few ice cubes.
Serves four to six. Warning: This drink goes down almost
too smoothly. Sip it slowly.
February - time for fast food
She’s been married to me for over 35 years. Since
she’s had to put up with me and my personality defects
for that length of time, it’s no surprise that my wife
kicks me out of the house most evenings and tells me to
get lost.
That’s how I became involved with Cub Scouts, Boy
Scouts and the Yellowstone Ballet Company. Acquain-
tances of mine have told me my devoting time and effort
to these nonprofit groups is commendable. Little do they
know I show up at many committee meetings, Scout
meetings and board meetings because I have nowhere
else to go.
February of 2015 will be extra busy. There is the Cub
Scout Blue and Gold Banquet, the Scouting for Food
event, which is a benefit for the Livingston Food Pantry,
while the ballet company will hold a Valentine Tea at the
Depot Center. With many meetings in early February,
I’ll have to prepare meals that feature fast food. With a
little planning, it’s possible to put a delectable meal on
the table that’s quick to fix.
The recipe below is one example. The ingredients can
be assembled in the morning and put in the slow cooker
on a lunch break. All that’s needed to complete the meal
later in the evening is to cook the rice and make a veg-
gie dish.
Some of my other favorite “fast food” dishes are spa-
ghetti with a homemade sauce and turkey gumbo. I
freeze the spaghetti sauce in serving size containers. To
make the meal, all that’s necessary is to cook some pas-
ta, thaw out the sauce and make a tossed salad. I like to
make enough turkey gumbo to feed a small army. All I
have to do is to cook some white rice, thaw out some
gumbo and make a veggie dish. That’s a pretty quick
meal, too.
Suspected burglar falls through ceiling
HOUSTON (AP) — Authorities say a man’s plans to break into a
Houston store fell through, after he crashed through the ceiling and
landed in front of police.
Houston police say the man climbed a tree and onto the roof of a
Family Dollar store early one morning, then managed to break a
hole in the roof and enter the building.
But after making his way into the store, the man fell through the
ceiling just as a police officer arrived in response to a call about a
potential burglary.
KHOU-TV reports that the officer ordered the unidentified man
to stay on the floor. The man was later arrested.
Authorities believe the man was trying to steal cigarettes.
Hawk makes itself an unwanted house guest
ROYAL OAK, Mich. (AP) — A red-tailed hawk has cleared out
after making itself an unwanted house guest in suburban Detroit.
Ann Duke tells columnist Neal Rubin of The Detroit News her fam-
ily initially thought their cat — or even a burglar — caused damage a
few weeks ago at their Royal Oak home. A glass orb from an art deco
sculpture was shattered and crystal candlesticks were scattered about.
Then they spotted the hawk perched on a lamp. They say it
spread its wings but stayed put.
Duke called 911, but that wasn’t the right place for help. She
called animal control and a pest removal company but they
couldn’t assist. So Duke, her husband and her daughter opened
doors and windows and shoed it out of the house with a bath towel.
News Lite
— Wednesday, February 4
• Big Sky Big Grass Bluegrass Festival,
through Feb. 8, Big Sky Resort’s Mountain
Village, Big Sky
— Friday, February 6
• Billings Symphony Orchestra: Scottish
Symphonic Fantasy, Alberta Bair Theater,
Billings
• Ice Skating, weekends through Feb. 28,
Bannack State Park, Dillon
• Cowtown Beef Breeders Show, Miles City
— Saturday, February 7
• Polar Bear 4D Barrel Race and 2D Pole
Bending, 10 a.m.-noon, 7215 Mossmain
Lane, Laurel
— Sunday, February 8
• Big Sky Symphonic Commission, 7:30
p.m., Warren Miller Performing Arts Center,
Gallatin Gateway
• National Barrel Horse Association Winter
Series, 9:30 a.m.-noon, 7215 Mossmain
Lane, Laurel
— Friday, February 13
• Race to the Sky Sled Dog Race,
noon,through Feb. 17, Helena
• Polar Bear 4D Barrel Race and 2D Pole
Bending, 5:30-8 p.m.,7215 Mossmain
Lane, Laurel
• Always Patsy Cline Dinner Theater,
through Feb. 14, Park Place, Miles City
— Saturday, February 14
• Rope N Run, 9:30 a.m., Rope at 10:30
a.m., 7215 Mossmain Lane, Laurel
• Open Rodeo, 7215 Mossmain Lane, Laurel
• Buckaroo Bash, 6 p.m. no host cocktails, 7
p.m. dinner, 8 p.m. auction, MCC Centra,
Miles City
— Sunday, February 15
• MHP Youth Rodeo, Noon, 7215
Mossmain Lane, Laurel
— Saturday, February 21
• Miles City Cowboy Poetry Gathering,
4-5:30 p.m. poetry/music, 5:30-6:30 p.m.
meal, 6:30 p.m. open mic, Range Riders
Museum, Miles City
— Sunday, February 22
• National Barrel Horse Association Winter
Series, 9:30 a.m.-noon, 7215 Mossmain
Lane, Laurel
— Friday, February 27
• Great Rockies Sport Show, weekends
through March 22, Friday 1 p.m.-8 p.m,
Saturday 10 a.m.-6 p.m., Sunday 10 a.m.-3
p.m, Lewis and Clark County Fairgrounds,
Helena
• Polar Bear 4D Barrel Race and 2D Pole
Bending, 5:30-8 p.m., 7215 Mossmain
Lane, Laurel
— Saturday, February 28
• Cottonwood Equestrian and Miller’s
Horse Palace Team Roping Series, 10 a.m.,
rope 11 a.m., 7215 Mossmain Lane, Laurel
February 2015 — 21
February Calendar 2015
RSVP, from Page 19
important skill of reading. Other tutoring
is intertwined with this program.
- Food Bank: Distribute food commodi-
ties to seniors and others in the communi-
ty; help unload the truck as needed.
- Meals on Wheels Program: Deliver
meals to the housebound in the communi-
ty, just one day a week, an hour and a half,
meal provided.
- Nursing Home: Piano players and sing-
ers needed on Fridays to entertain resi-
dents, also assistant needed in activities
for residents to enrich supported lifestyle.
- School Lunch Program: Help serve and
supervise children in the lunch room, meal
provided.
- Senior Bus: Volunteers to pickup folks
whom are unable to drive themselves.
- Senior Center: Volunteers are needed to
provide meals, clean up in the dining room
and/or keep records; meal provided.
- RSVP offers maximum flexibility and
choice to its volunteers as it matches the
personal interests and skills of older
Americans with opportunities to serve
their communities. You choose how and
where to serve. Volunteering is an oppor-
tunity to learn new skills, make friends
and connect with your community.
Contact: Amanda Turley, South Central
MT RSVP, 315 1/2 Main St., Ste. #1,
Roundup, MT 59072; phone (406) 323-
1403; fax (406) 323-4403; email:
rdprsvp2@midrivers.com ; Facebook:
South Central MT RSVP.
Park County
- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Mentor and
positive role model to a boy or girl, one
hour a week. Also needed is a Community
Program Mentor, who matches children
and adults to find that perfect fit for both.
- City of Livingston: Needs volunteers to
help with mailings and other work stations
that do require standing and walking.
- Fix-It-Brigade: Needs volunteers of all
skill levels for 2 hour tasks on your sched-
ule to help seniors or veterans with small
home repairs, such as changing a light
bulb, shoveling snow, or weatherization.
- HRDC VITA (Volunteer Income Tax
Assistance Program): Volunteers tax pre-
parers and greeters needed beginning end
of January, training held Jan. 12 and 13.
- Links for Learning: Help needed with
1st-5th graders, one hour a week on Tues-
day or Wednesday, after school, with read-
ing, homework, or playing games.
- Livingston Health and Rehab: Activity
volunteers needed weekends for bingo
callers and movie showings, Monday
through Friday, 9-11 a.m.; for coffee and
reading the local news, Tuesdays and
Thursdays 7 p.m. movie night.
- Loaves and Fishes and/or Food Pantry:
Many volunteer opportunities available.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to knit
and crochet caps and scarves for each
child at Head Start, also as gifts for chil-
dren of prenatal classes, Thursdays at 1
PM at the Senior Center.
- Senior Center Main Streeter Thrift
Store: Someone who enjoys working with
the public. Come help greet customers,
ring up purchases, tag and hang clothes
and accept donations.
- Shane Center: Friendly volunteers need-
ed to greet, answer questions and show
people around the center on Tuesdays and
Fridays. Also a need for volunteers to
research the old East Side School building,
collecting stories and finding pictures of
past teachers, students and the building
itself.
- Stafford Animal Shelter: Volunteers
needed to play with the cats and kittens,
and to walk the dogs.
- Transportation: Volunteer drivers need-
ed to help patients keep doctor appoint-
ments. Some gas mileage assistance may
be provided.
- Yellowstone Gateway Museum: Volun-
teers needed for a variety of exciting proj-
ects.
- Various other agencies are in need of
your unique skills and help in a variety of
ongoing and one-time special events,
including help with mailings needed.
Contact: Deb Downs, Program Coordi-
nator, 206 So. Main St., Livingston, MT
59047; phone (406) 222-8181; email: deb-
downs@rsvpmt.org
Q. Sports trivia nuts, what’s the
average lifespan of an NHL hockey
puck, what do ice-skaters skate on, how
many rotations does a pitched
knuckleball make en route to home
plate, and where did the golfer’s
warning cry of “Fore!” originate?
A. It’s seven short minutes for the life of
hockey pucks, which either fly into the
stands or are removed because friction
warms them up too much, causing them to
start bouncing on the ice, say Harry Bright
and Jakob Anser in “That’s a Fact, Jack!”
“Game pucks — chilled to -10 degrees F
— are kept in a freezer in the penalty
box.”
Did you know that ice-skaters skate on
water, not ice, because at 32 degrees F, ice
has a liquid surface barely a few
millionths of an inch thick. “Below -31
degrees F, the liquid layer becomes so thin
that a skater’s blades would stick rather
than glide across the ice.”
Ideally, the “knuckleball” should
complete less than a single rotation on its
way to the plate. The pitch’s dancing
erraticisms are due to the air molecules
pushing differently on the ball’s seams and
smooth surfaces.
Finally, the “Fore!” in golf owes credit
to the English military: “Back when
soldiers fired rifles in lines, the command
‘Beware before!’ was a signal for the front
line to kneel or risk getting their heads
blown off.”
Q. What can be the driving force
behind a whale of an explosion?
Literally.
A. When a whale dies at sea and then
washes up on shore, the decomposing
corpse may bloat with gasses like methane
and hydrogen sulfide, says Jessica
Hullinger in “Mental Floss” magazine.
But the animal’s weight may seal the
body’s orifices and lead to gas buildup,
which can be further exacerbated by the
sun’s heat. “Now the whale turns into a
blubber balloon ripe for popping,” though
not all popping goes as planned. When a
45-foot, eight-ton whale washed up on the
Oregon shores in 1970, officials used a
half-ton of dynamite to blow it up,
“hoping most of the detritus would blast
into the ocean. Instead, the explosion sent
hundreds of pieces of whale confetti flying
as far as a quarter of a mile, smashing one
car to bits.”
Q. How you feel can affect whether
you’re smiling or not. But how about
the reverse? Can putting on a smile
affect how you feel?
A. Actually, “body position, postures,
gestures and facial expressions can
influence how we think, feel and even
behave,” reports the “University of
California, Berkeley, Wellness Letter.”
One classic study found that activating
smile muscles made people rate cartoons
as funnier, while a second study in the
journal “Emotion” showed that just
lowering eyebrows (in effect, frowning)
had an immediate negative effect on
mood.
These are a few of the complex body-
mind interactions we humans experience.
In their research, scientists have focused
on expansive (or “power”) poses involving
open positions such as standing upright
with chest thrust out — in contrast to
closed postures with the body slumped
over, legs or arms crossed. Intriguingly,
power poses may help lessen pain. A study
from the “Journal of Consumer Research”
showed that subjects who contracted their
leg muscles or clenched their fists had
more self-control when drinking a nasty
“health” tonic or keeping their hands in
icy water.
Yet some caveats apply here, especially
regarding different cultural attitudes: In a
study of Americans and East Asians, both
groups felt more powerful with hands
spread on the desk, but the East Asians did
not respond favorably to the “feet-on-the-
desk” power pose since they value
modesty and restraint. Likewise, Arab
cultures did not react positively since they
consider it an insult to show the bottoms
of their shoes.
Q. NASA researcher Christopher
McKay, in discussing the possibility of
life beyond Earth, recently pronounced:
“If we go through a checklist and, bang-
bang-bang-bang, we’ve got it all, this is
incredibly exciting. Then we have a
compelling case for a planet with life.”
What points were on his list?
A. In assessing the habitability of
exoplanets, astronomers usually follow the
water, says Lisa Grossman in “New
Scientist” magazine. Exoplanets with
rocky surfaces are declared habitable if
they’re far enough from their star to
potentially host oceans. “Even planets
with barely any water could host life,”
McKay explains. “Cyanobacteria, for
example, live on rocks in the Atacama
desert in Chile, which gets only a few days
of rain and fog each year.”
Then, too, adequate light or geothermal
energy for driving vital processes is
essential, but not a lot is needed. Some
deep-sea plants can grow even while
receiving only 1 percent of the sunlight
hitting the ocean’s surface. And another
key requirement is nitrogen to build amino
acids, because life is almost certainly
going to use them.
However, Saturn’s moon Titan offers a
cautionary tale with liquids on its surface
and an atmosphere. “Its seas are filled with
methane and ethane, and its atmosphere is
a choking haze of nitrogen and methane.”
Though seemingly inhospitable, Titan
possesses complex molecules that may be
building blocks for life. Says McKay, “If
we discover something new, we’ll have to
rewrite this chapter.”
February 2015 — 22
By Bill Sones and Rich Sones, Ph.D.
Send STRANGE questions to brothers Bill and Rich at strangetrue@cs.com
Life span of a hockey puck:
7 MINUTES
Q. A puzzling situation: When students
of neuroscientist Jeffrey Mogil were inves-
tigating how the presence of a human
researcher affected a lab mouse’s pain
response, they found that sometimes
someone’s presence reduced the pain, oth-
er times it made no difference. “Something
fishy” seemed to be going on. What was
it?
A. When the students reevaluated their
data controlling for the researcher’s gender,
they discovered that the mice exhibited as
much as 36% less pain when the student
present was male, says David Grimm in
“Science” magazine. (Pain was measured by
videoing a mouse’s face and using a 3-point
“grimace scale.”) Female mice were slightly
more sensitive to the effect than male mice.
The key was odor, which held up whether the
scent stimuli came from the students’
T-shirts, or bedding material of unfamiliar
male mice, or pet beds of (unsterilized) male
cats and dogs. “Further testing showed the
rodents exposed to male odors were actually
feeling less pain, rather than simply hiding
the pain they were in,” Grimm notes. “The
male aroma ramped up their stress levels,
which deadened the hurt.”
Question for further investigation: “If a
male doctor injects you with a new kind of
pain medication, do you feel better because
of the drug — or because he’s a he?”
Q. You can think on it all you want
because your allotment of pent-up “think-
ers” is 100,000,000,000, and your thinker-
to-thinker connectivity encompasses fully
100,000,000,000,000. Do you have the
brainpower to know what we’re talking
about?
A. You certainly do, since we’re talking
about the roughly three-pound organ that is
your brain and its 100 billion normal neurons
that are “wired” into the 100 trillion neural
connections that make up your staggeringly
complex thinking mind, says Andre Appleton
in “Think: The Magazine of Case Western
Reserve University.” That’s the “normal”
human brain, whose dense and intricate wir-
ing has yet to be mapped in its entirety.
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Across
1 Plant reproductive
structure
9 Sharpens
14 Lindbergh nickname
16 Goat __: chaotic situ-
ation, in slang
17 European travel pass
18 “You Must Love Me”
musical
19 NYC travel org.
20 Trig function
22 West end?
23 Internal walls
26 Lizard that can shed
its tail
27 Passing event?
28 Book ending
30 Like 23 of Haydnʼs
symphonies
31 Standing losses?
32 Signifies
35 “What have we
here?!”
36 School hallway warn-
ing
38 Fingers
39 Media section
40 Anthologies
41 Project
42 Number of single-
syllable U.S. states
43 Cosmo, for one
44 One Direction singer
Zayn __
46 Kirkuk native
50 “Every Moment
Counts” gp.
51 1965 Nobel Peace
Prize recipient
53 Vow taker
54 8-Down and others
56 A carve turn may be
taught in one
59 Bring forth
60 S-shaped sofa
61 Company with ant-
lers in its logo
62 Things to obey, like
36-Across and 8-Down
Down
1 Diets, with “down”
2 Bridge overseas
3 Slated
4 R&B artist Desʼ__
5 “As wicked dew as __
my mother brushʼd”:
“The Tempest”
6 1979-ʼ80 Fleetwood
Mac hit
7 Food stabilizers
8 Highway warning
9 Highway closer, per-
haps
10 Highway lane, for
short
11 Four-time Emmy-
winning actress
12 Four-stranded DNA
structure
13 Scoundrels
15 Where “Hamlet”
opens
21 Object
24 Spruces (up)
25 Like-minded orgs.
29 __ Bannon, Paul
Newman role
31 Jerry who wrote lyr-
ics for many Presley
songs
32 How a stage line
might be spoken
33 Rabble-rouser
34 Champion of the
common man
35 Successor to Anwar
36 Not laughing
37 Brandy designation
41 31-day mo.
44 Beaux-arts venue
45 Sports commentator
Olbermann
47 Adams who shot El
Capitan
48 Repeat exactly
49 Novelist Hammond_
52 Run
55 Big name in bar code
scanners
57 Tin __
58 Tommy Picklesʼ dad
in “Rugrats”
Crossword
February 2015 — 23
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