August 2014 Best Times

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Olympic weightlifting coaches share knowledge
Beautiful art from popcans
Former mayor busier than ever
Reflecting on service
to community
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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August 2014 — 2
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Montana Best of Times
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Bookshelf .................................................Page 3
Opinion ....................................................Page 4
Savvy Senior ............................................Page 5
Volunteering .............................................Page 19
On the Menu ............................................Page 20
Calendar ...................................................Page 21
Strange But True ......................................Page 22
INSIDE
News Lite
2 $1M tickets in 3 months
INDIANAPOLIS (AP) — An Indianapo-
lis man has won two $1 million lottery priz-
es in the past three months.
Hoosier Lottery officials say Robert
Hamilton won $1 million from a scratch-off
ticket he bought in late July at an Indianapo-
lis convenience store. His other big winner
came in April in western Indiana’s Jason-
ville while traveling to a conference.
Hamilton says he used his first prize to
pay off debts, buy a home and invest in his
business. He now plans to buy a motorcycle.
The lottery says Hamilton’s tickets are
among eight top prizes for its $120 Million
Cash Spectacular Scratch-off game. Lottery
officials say the odds of winning a top prize
from the game are one in 2.1 million.
Rare calico lobster
HAMPTON, N.H. (AP) — A fisherman
has caught a rare lobster that’s bright orange
with dark blue spots.
Josiah Beringer found the calico lobster
in one of his traps on July 23 in the mouth
of Hampton Harbor. He donated the 1
½-pound, 5-year-old male lobster to the
Explore the Ocean World Oceanarium in
Hampton for viewing.
Beringer tells the Portsmouth Herald the
lobster was found in an area known as
Washerwoman Rock, an area between two
rocks that gets its name from its “really
rough” and “washing machine”-like waters.
Ellen Goethel of the oceanarium said cali-
co lobsters are the “second most rare lob-
ster” in the world, after albino lobsters. She
said the spots are the result of a genetic pig-
mentation mutation occurring in 1 in every
30 million to 50 million lobsters.
Town gets wet yet again
WAYNESBURG, Pa. (AP) — It’s just a
sprinkle, but it counts enough for people in a
southwestern Pennsylvania town to celebrate
Rain Day.
The Washington Observer-Reporter says
the brief precipitation in Waynesburg makes
for the 114th time in 141 years rain has fall-
en in the town on July 29.
The town’s street festival includes the
crowning of a Miss Rain Day.
Every year a celebrity wagers a hat that it
won’t rain in Waynesburg on July 29. This
year’s loser is actress Patricia Heaton.
By Montana Best Times Staff
This book review section often covers
nonfiction books with a connection to
Montana or the West. It’s time now for a
little departure for nonfiction of another
kind — a new book about a comedian who
touched everyone’s lives, whether from
the West or LA or New York: Jay Leno.
“The Tonight Show with Jay Leno”
comes alive in the book, “Behind the Cur-
tain: An Insider’s View of Jay Leno’s
‘Tonight Show’” from an insider who
describes the show’s inner workings —
from the monologue to the guest bookings
and appearances, says a news release from
the book’s publisher, Pelican Publishing
Company.
Leno was the late-night ratings leader
for almost two decades, which is unprece-
dented in the modem era of television. He
and his producers made the show number
one by recasting Johnny Carson’s “Tonight
Show” into Jay Leno’s “Tonight Show.”
“Behind the Curtain” takes an exclusive
look at how they achieved it.
During the Leno years of “The Tonight
Show,” there were always two shows
going on: the one on stage and the one
behind it, where the camera didn’t roll,
according to the release. This narrative
weaves both together, featuring Leno and
his most prominent guests. It recalls the
show’s most memorable moments, both
good and bad,
skillfully
recounted by one
of Leno’s most
highly respected,
longtime co-pro-
ducers, Dave Berg.
For 18 years, he
booked and worked
with Hollywood
stars, superstar ath-
letes, presidents and
other politicos, and news makers.
Called “the best booker in the business”
by Bill O’Reilly, Berg delivered an array
of high-profile guests to the program.
Along the way, he experienced it all, from
a harrowing adventure to Nashville to spy
on Dennis Rodman to a five-year cam-
paign to book Barack Obama, the first sit-
ting president ever to appear on a late-
night show, the release says.
Berg was an eyewitness who tells what
really happened during the show’s most
legendary moments: Arnold Schwarzeneg-
ger’s surprise political announcement;
Hugh Grant’s mea culpa; football great
Jason Sehorn’s proposal to Angie Harmon;
the inebriated Cheers cast’s live show
from Boston; Jerry Seinfeld’s appearance
with “surprise guest” John F. Kennedy Jr.;
and Leno’s 9/11 show, the finest of his
career.
Leno hosted “The Tonight Show with
Jay Leno” for two decades. Inducted into
the Television Hall of Fame in 2014, he
made his first appearance on “The Tonight
Show” as a stand-up comic in 1977 and
became a regular substitute for Johnny
Carson in 1987. He is an avid car collector
and philanthropist and lives with his wife,
Mavis, in Los Angeles.
Dave Berg is a writer and a columnist.
He was a co-producer for “The Tonight
Show with Jay Leno” and “The Jay Leno
Show,” where he also appeared in numer-
ous comedy sketches. He served as a pro-
ducer for “The O’Reilly Factor,” a writer
for NBC News, and the Los Angeles
bureau chief for CNBC. He has written for
USA Today, The Huffington Post, Read-
er’s Digest, National Review, Christianity
Today, Washington Times, The Daily Call-
er and Crisis Magazine. Berg has a BA in
political science from Northwestern Uni-
versity and an MS in journalism from
Kansas State University. He lives with his
wife, Mary, in Los Angeles.
Bookshelf
August 2014 — 3
“Behind the Curtain: An Insider’s View
of Jay Leno’s Tonight Show”
• By Dave Berg, foreword by Jay Leno
• Pelican Publishing Company 2014
• Hardcover • 224 pages • 5 1/2” x 8 /2”
• $24.95 • ISBN: 9781455619962
• E-book ISBN: 9781455619979
New book takes readers
deep inside one of
television’s most
well-known shows
August 2014 — 4
Opinion
Thoughts on the last kid heading off to college
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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Dwight Harriman, Editor • Tom Parisella, Designer
P.O. Box 2000, 401 S. Main St., Livingston MT 59047
Tel. (406) 222-2000 or toll-free (800) 345-8412 • Fax: (406) 222-8580
E-mail: montanabesttimes@livent.net • Subscription rate: $25/yr.
Published monthly by Yellowstone Newspapers, Livingston, Montana
It’s finally come. It was a day that was always way out there in
the future. It was going to happen at some point, but certainly not
anytime soon. But now it’s here.
Our last child is going to college.
Soon we will pack all her earthly belongings up and she’ll be
off to Chicago — a big city for a girl with big dreams.
And now my wife and I will face what every baby boomer with
kids eventually faces: a life with no kids at home.
Those of you who have already gone through it are smiling to
yourselves as first-timers like us contemplate the future. Be
patient with us. This isn’t easy.
Fortunately, my wife and I are still working, so there won’t be
long, silent days trying to figure out how to fill up the time. But it
will be hard to come home every day and see that empty bed-
room. Not looking forward to that.
I’m no stranger to the empty bedrooms — two children going
off to college have preceded our high school graduate. But when
they left, there was always an occupied bedroom. Now there
won’t be.
But wait, I hear there are upsides to it all: time to do those
things you always wanted to do, deepening your relationship with
your spouse, making new friends.
And besides, we boomers have it way easier than our parents
when we went off to college. Back then there were only letters or
an occasional scratchy quality long-distance phone call to stay in
touch with. Now there are cell phones, Skype and Facebook.
In fact, given the omnipresent social media, we might be com-
municating so much we’ll want a break.
Maybe this off-to-college thing won’t be so hard after all.
— Dwight Harriman
Montana Best Times Editor
Dear Savvy Senior,
I run a community counseling program for needy families and
am frustrated that so few eligible seniors take advantage of the
food stamp program. Can you write a column on this to help
educate seniors to this underutilized benefit?
— Reaching Out
 
Dear Reaching,
 It’s hard to imagine that a government program serving more 
than 46 million Americans each month is considered severely 
underutilized. But that’s the reality of the federal Food Stamp 
Program when it comes to serving seniors.
 Nationwide, food stamps (now called the Supplemental Nutri-
tion Assistance Program, or SNAP) reaches around 80 percent of 
those eligible, but the numbers are much slimmer among the 
seniors, age 60 and older. Recent statistics indicate only 39 per-
cent of eligible seniors receive SNAP benefits. 
 There are a number of reasons for the lack of participation. 
Some seniors are too embarrassed or too proud to apply. Others 
think that if they receive SNAP they will be taking food benefits 
away from others (which they won’t). Some think it is too diffi-
cult to apply for SNAP, and others don’t even know the program 
exists.
 With all that said, here’s a run down of which seniors are eligi-
ble for SNAP, what they get and how they can apply.
 
»Who’s eligible?
 For seniors to get SNAP, their “net income” must be under the 
100 percent federal poverty guidelines. So, households that have 
at least one person age 60 and older, or disabled, their net income 
must currently be less than $958 per month for an individual or 
$1,293 for a family of two. Households receiving TANF or SSI 
(except in California) are also eligible.
 Net income is figured by taking gross income minus allowable 
deductions like medical expenses that exceed $35 per month out-
of-pocket, and shelter costs (rent or mortgage payments, taxes 
and utility costs) that exceeds half of the household’s income.
 In addition to the net income requirement, a few states also 
require that a senior’s “assets” be below $3,250, not counting the 
home, retirement or pension plans, income from SSI or TANF, 
and vehicle (this varies by state). Most states, however, have 
much higher asset limits or they don’t count assets at all when 
determining eligibility.
 The SNAP pre-screening tool at www.snap-step1.usda.gov/
fns can help seniors, and their family members, figure out if they 
qualify.
 To apply, seniors or an authorized representative will need to 
fill out a state application form, which can be done at the local 
SNAP office or it can be mailed or faxed in, or in many states it 
can be completed online.
 If eligible, benefits will be provided on a plastic card that’s used 
like a debit card and accepted at most grocery stores.
 Depending on the person’s financial situation, the amount of 
SNAP a beneficiary may be eligible for will range between $15 
and $189 per month as an individual, or $15 to $347 for a family 
of two.
 To learn more or apply, contact your local SNAP office — call 
(800) 221-5689 for contact information or visit www.fns.usda.
gov/snap.
 
»Produce coupons
 In addition to SNAP, the Senior Farmers’ Market Nutrition Pro-
gram is another underused program that provides coupons that 
can be exchanged for fresh fruits and vegetables at farmers’ mar-
kets, roadside stands and community supported agriculture pro-
grams.
  This program is currently available in select counties in 43 
states, seven Indian reservations, the District of Columbia and 
Puerto Rico, to seniors, age 60 and older, with gross monthly 
household incomes below 185 percent of the federal poverty line, 
which is currently below $1,800 for individuals, or $2,426 for a 
family of two. For more information visit www.fns.usda.gov/sfm-
np or call (703) 305-2746.
 
»Other programs
 Seniors that are eligible for food assistance may also be eligible 
for a host of other programs that can help pay for medications, 
health care, utilities and more. To locate these programs, vis-
it benefitscheckup.org, or call the Eldercare Locator at (800) 677-
1116.
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443,
Norman, OK 73070, or visit SavvySenior.org.
Jim Miller, creator of the syndicated “Savvy
Senior” information column, is a longtime
advocate of senior issues. He has been featured in
Time magazine; is author of “The Savvy Senior:
The Ultimate Guide to Health, Family and
Finances for Senior Citizens”; and is a regular
contributor to the NBC “Today” show.
August 2014  — 5
Food Assistance Programs
Can Help Seniors in Need
By Jason Stuart
Ranger-Review Staff Writer
GLENDIVE — Thirty years is a long
time to be called out early in the morning
or late at night or on holidays in sub-zero
cold or scorching heat to fight fires and
save lives — and all on a volunteer basis.
And after 30 years of serving the people
of Dawson County doing just that, Tim
Mort is hanging up his fireman’s hat.
Mort retired on June 30 as chief of the
West Glendive and Dawson County rural
fire departments. He first began working
with the volunteer fire departments in Sep-
tember 1984 as a firefighter, then spent
seven years as assistant chief before being
named chief in January of 2005.
Desire to give back
Thinking back to when he first started,
Mort said it was a desire to give back to
his community that drew him to serve as a
volunteer firefighter.
“I was just a newlywed and living in
West Glendive, and I wanted to do some
community service and I thought joining
the fire department would be a way you
could give something back,” he said.
As for what kept him going for 30 years,
Mort identified a couple of factors.
“The relationships I’ve made over the
last 30 years is a big part of it,” he said.
“And helping people in probably some of
their worst times, you get some self-grati-
tude out of that.”
Motivation
Running an all-volunteer fire depart-
ment is no easy task, however, although
Mort feels he has succeeded in the endeav-
or.
“I think one of the biggest challenges of
being chief is keeping your firemen moti-
vated so you have a good department,” he
said. “And we’ve been good at keeping
them motivated. We’ve got a very good
department.”
Given that volunteer firefighters receive
minimal financial compensation to risk
life and limb for others or endure late
night calls or holiday interruptions, the
chief of a volunteer fire department has to
find other ways to motivate his men.
“I think (you do that) by thanking them
after every call, by making them feel they
did something above and beyond the call
of normal,” Mort said. “Make them feel
proud about being a part of what we have
out there — that’s a big part of it.”
Doing that and instilling a sense of
belief that they’re serving the greater good
is what builds an effective volunteer fire
August 2014 — 6
Fire chief talks about
of service to community
MT Best Times photo by Jamie Ausk Crisafulli
On the cover and above: Tim Mort, who just retired as chief of the West Glendive and Dawson rural fire departments, is pictured
in his fire turnouts at a recent training event.
30 years
department, according to Mort.
“I think (you serve as a volunteer fireman) just because you’re
proud to belong to something that has to be done, and it’s good
for the community,” he said. “You have to believe in our fire
department, and we take ownership in it, and that just makes for a
lot better department.”
Not missed: 25-below-zero calls
While Mort is proud of his department and his years of service,
there are things he won’t miss, namely being called out at inop-
portune times — like Christmas, Thanksgiving and other family
holidays — and in awful weather conditions.
“Sometimes the least (favorite) part is you are committed 24/7,
and you get calls that are not at the best time — 2 a.m. and 25
below zero. Those are the ones I’m not going to miss,” he said.
From here on out, Mort won’t have to worry about being called
away from his family as they’re sitting down to Thanksgiving
dinner or readying a Fourth of July barbecue. He has two new
grandchildren he is keen to spend time with and a boat he’d like
to spend more time on the water in.
But he will miss being part of the volunteer firefighting frater-
nity he has known for the past 30 years as well as another privi-
lege of being a fire chief — being in the loop.
“I think (I’ll miss) just being part of the friendships and rela-
tionships I’ve built,” Mort said. “And knowing what’s going on.
You kind of had an inside track of what’s going on (as chief), and
I’m going to kind of miss that.”
Reach Jason Stuart at rrreporter@rangerreview.com or (406)
377-3303.
August 2014 — 7
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Photos courtesy of Tim Mort
Above: Chief Mort is pictured on the job. Below: Members of
the West Glendive Fire Department assemble for a photo
during a July training session at which they honored Mort.
By M.P. Regan
Montana Best Times
DILLON — Michael Karchut leaves his home in Dillon early
in the morning two days a week and drives to McAllister in the
Madison Valley, where he picks up his friend Steve Gough. The
two then travel to Bozeman, where they spend the day training
students at a pair of gyms.
Renowned experts in the sport of Olympic weightlifting,
Gough, 67, and Karchut, 70, earn a hefty fee for their services:
the satisfaction that comes from passing their knowledge and
enthusiasm on to the next generation.
“Mike is a Hall of Famer in our sport, probably the most
respected guy in our sport,” said Gough, of Karchut, who made
the U.S. Olympic team in weightlifting in 1972 and 1980.
“He drives 94 miles to pick me up, and then we drive another
55 miles to work for free,” added Gough, who has trained dozens
of highly successful weightlifters, including his son Tom, a U.S.
Olympian in 1996.
“Mike and I don’t care about getting money out of this,” con-
tinued Gough, a retired policeman from San Francisco with fami-
ly ties to Butte. “We do it for our students and for our love of the
sport.”
Praise from world-class lifters
The current students Gough and Karchut work with actually
come from several generations, and include Bozeman mother and
daughter Terri Sipes, 51, and Kathleen Winters, 21.
Despite starting to focus on the sport only within the last few
years, both Sipes and Winters have risen into the upper echelons
of the weightlifting world in their respective age groups and
August 2014 — 8
Up-lifting
Experts in sport of Olympic weightlifting
love sharing the art with others
MT Best Times photo by M.P. Regan
Former Olympian Michael Karchut stands in his Dillon basement in front of the barbell and homemade weight rack he still works
out with every morning that he’s not on his way to Bozeman to train students in Olympic weightlifting with colleague Steve Gough.
weight classes under the guidance of Gough and Karchut.
“None of us would have gotten where we have gotten without
Steve and Mike’s coaching,” said Sipes, who set a world record
in the snatch and won a gold medal in her age group in Italy at
last year’s World Masters Games, a sort of Olympics for people
35 years and older.
“Mike is super, very humble. He’s the technician who will dis-
sect each lift you do and break it down,” said Sipes, who compet-
ed as a gymnast for Billings Central and the University of Mon-
tana during her school days.
“Steve is intense and very caring. He could coach anything —
bowling, anything. He just has that ability to motivate. He gets us
to do things that I don’t know a lot of other people could get us to
do,” added Sipes, who works out four or five times a week.
“They are perfect together.”
Also a gymnast in her school days, Sipes’ daughter Kathleen
Winters has seen the coaching of Gough and Karchut help her
excel in Olympic weightlifting, which features two highly techni-
cal lifts — the snatch and the clean and jerk.
About 5 feet tall and weighing around 110 pounds, Winters can
already lift twice her body weight over her head and has won a
bronze medal at the Pan American Games. After establishing her-
self as one of the top 10 female weightlifters in the country, she
was invited last year to do an extended stint at the United States
Olympic Training Center in Colorado.
The 2011 Bozeman High graduate’s swift and unlikely rise as a
weightlifter, which seems destined to lead her to a spot on the
U.S. team at the 2016 Olympics in Brazil, started at Bridger
CrossFit, where she began working out at age 15 and now holds
the position of head trainer.
Weightlifting changes lives
Started in the mid-1970s by Greg Glassman, the CrossFit train-
ing program revolves around a shifting series of functional move-
ments found in traditional exercise and now boasts over 10,000
affiliated gyms around the world.
“He just figured a better way to work out, a way that’s more
efficient and geared to real life. CrossFit emphasizes functional
movements, movements you do every day in life, and it’s always
varied,” said Sipes, who recently joined her daughter as a trainer
at Bridger CrossFit.
“You don’t know what the workout is going to be until they
post it that day at the gym. You show up, and sometimes it kind
of scares you, but you go ahead and do it. And that determination
to get over the fear carries over into the rest of your life,” added
Sipes, who says the atmosphere of camaraderie at Bridger Cross-
Fit helps members move forward in their fitness and in their
lives.
“Community is a huge part of it. You end up meeting a lot of
like-minded people who push each other in a good way, help each
other, urge each other on, and provide constant support,” said
Sipes, noting that older folks and those in the early stages of get-
ting into shape can scale down their workouts.
“We have had really heavy people show up there, and let me
tell you, athletes have such respect for those people and what
they are trying to do. And when they keep coming back, the com-
munity at the gym rallies behind them. It’s amazing to see peo-
ples’ lives change for the better. I have seen it happen so many
times,” commented Sipes, who helps coach people in business as
a strategist at The Game Plan in Bozeman.
“People in their 80s and 90s are doing it. Everything can be
scaled. Instead of doing pull-ups, you can just hold the bar. Push-
ups can be done against a wall. PVC pipes can be used instead of
a barbell for weightlifting,” added Sipes.
Sipes said that Karchut and Gough helped her and others at
Bridger CrossFit advance in the Olympic weightlifting aspects of
CrossFit training to the point where they wanted to start compet-
ing in the sport and formed the Team Montana Weightlifting
Club.
“When we first started doing CrossFit, we found out there were
these two weightlifting experts helping people at another gym in
Bozeman, so we approached them about training us,” recalled
Sipes, who said people at the international weightlifting meets
she has competed at are familiar with Gough and Karchut.
“Mike and Steve are very well-known in the weightlifting
world. They attract a lot of people to lift with them; people will
travel here from other states to do it. They are just that good.”
Long roads to weight-lifting prominence
Both Gough, a Vietnam vet, and Karchut, who was born in
Germany in 1944, traveled long, hard roads through war-torn
countries to retirement in Montana and their positions of promi-
nence in Olympic weightlifting.
“Mike is Ukranian, his mom and dad got caught in Germany
during World War II. He spent the first six years of his life in a
relocation camp,” said Gough, a former Marine. “His family
came to America in 1951 with just the clothes on their backs. He
was raised the old way — to be frugal, hard working, humble, all
the good stuff.”
Karchut, speaking of himself, said he weighed just 75 pounds
as a seventh-grader in Ohio, but began getting bigger and stron-
ger through a variety of training techniques.
“I remember seeing that Charles Atlas advertisement, where
the bully kicks sand in the face of the 97-pound weakling. It
asked you what kind of body you wanted and had boxes next to
‘big arms,’ ‘a powerful chest,’ ‘legs of steel.’ So naturally, you
checked them all off. It was a 12-week course, and each week
cost you $5. But I didn’t have any money, so I sent them a letter
and they sent me a letter back saying they’d let me do all 12 les-
sons for just $5,” recalled Karchut of his introduction to the Atlas
system of dynamic tension strength training.
“That’s one of the things I did — it was better than nothing.
August 2014 — 9
See Weightlifting, Page 14
None of us would have gotten where we have gotten
without Steve and Mike’s coaching.
– Terri Sipes, who set world record in her age group at World Masters Games
By Marlo Pronovost
Montana Best Times
COLUMBUS — Just call
her the McGyver of arts.
Sandy Fox needs just a
handful of mostly every day
things to make colorful, deli-
cate-looking creations.
An empty can of Sprite. A
pair of old scissors. A craft
knife. A ballpoint pen. Alcohol
inks. A paint brush and craft
foam or a mouse pad are the
unexpected tools in Fox’s tool-
box when it comes to her pop
can art.
Horses, hummingbirds, fish
and bikes are a few of the pop
can art creations Fox has on
display at the Museum of the
Beartooths.
While she claims they are
not difficult pieces to create,
one look at the koi fish scales
and intricate feather work on
her birds tells a different story.
Even more impressive is the
fact Fox has been practicing
the medium for only six
months, after seeing it online.
“It just struck me,” said the
spunky Fox.
At 65, Fox has spent her pro-
fessional life working in the
criminal justice system. Start-
ing in 1987 in the Stillwater
County Attorney’s Office, she
has served as the chief justice
court clerk and, for the past six
years, as the Stillwater County
Clerk of District Court.
Art has long been her mode
of relaxation, and it’s some-
thing that has spanned her
entire life.
Fox loves sewing, quilting,
jewelry making, beading, cro-
cheting and river art.
“I always have to have a
project,” said Fox, noting that
her love for arts and crafting
was passed down to from her
mother.
And she in turn has passed
that love down to her two
daughters, the youngest of
August 2014 — 10
Pop can art
MT Best Times photos by Marlo Pronovost
Above: Pictured is a bird Sandy Fox created from a pop can. She uses alcohol inks to paint colors on the metal. Below: Fox
stands next to a coy fish creation that, like the bird above, is on display at the Museum of the Beartooths in Columbus.
An empty can of Sprite is an inviting
canvas for Columbus woman
By Wina Sturgeon
Adventure Sports Weekly/MCT
Those of us who live long enough will all go through the same
changes. Some of these changes have become standard cliched
jokes about aging, especially where vision and hearing are con-
cerned.
Poor eyesight can often be corrected by that ancient invention,
eyeglasses. Yes, ancient! Eyeglasses were first produced in Italy
over 800 years ago. Hearing aids aren’t really new; they were
invented shortly after the telephone, in the late 1800s.
Both inventions can help the aging eye and ear. But there are
other, more subtle changes that occur as time goes on, and tech-
nology has done little to help. That’s why it’s so important, once
you pass the big 50, to adjust to these continuing — well, let’s be
honest — declines. In fact, your health and vigor may depend on
how well you adjust.
Here’s the science: your ability to taste becomes less sensitive
as you get older because taste buds start disappearing and atro-
phying. At the same time, your sense of smell may begin to
decline, and smell is, surprisingly, a large part of taste. That can
have a serious effect on nutrition. If you can no longer taste or
smell a once-favorite food, you may no longer choose to eat it. Or
if there’s a large decline in both taste and smell, you may have no
interest in eating at all.
Match this to another fact: there is a natural decrease in appe-
tite as we get older. So if food doesn’t taste or smell good, it
causes some boomers to skip meals altogether, or eat repeated
fast food burgers, or make a meal without planning for nutrition
and just go for texture; thus existing on a diet of chips and other
crunchy items. The resulting nutritional deficiencies can cause
serious health problems.
This is where everything ties in together. One of the effects of
age is a loss of muscle mass. This can begin in the early 40s,
August 2014 — 11
A hummingbird and flower made
from pop cans, with the various
materials used to create it on the
table beneath, is on display at the
Museum of the Beartooths.
whom made her own paper flowers
for her wedding.
Fox and a sister who lives in Bill-
ings are preparing to combine their
most recent art forms — Fox’s pop
can creations and her sister’s love of
black and white photography. The pair
plan to affix pop can art to photos,
creating a three-dimensional product.
Marlo Pronovost may be reached
at Marlo Pronovost sports@stillwa-
tercountynews.com or (406) 322-5212.
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Boomer Workout
Beware of these changes as you age
See Workout, Page 13
Health
By Charlie Denison
Montana Best Times
MOORE — “People ask me, ‘What do
you do in a little town?’ Gary Greenwood
said with a smile on his face. “I say, ‘If
you have to ask that question, you’ve nev-
er lived in a little town.’”
Now 77, Gary said he never has a dull
moment in his small town of Moore, a
community of less than 200 about 15
miles southwest of Lewistown.
Whether running the clock at the basket-
ball games, volunteering as a member of
the library board, mowing the lawn for his
90-year-old neighbor, Gary is always out
doing something.
“I might be busier now that I’m retired,
actually,” Gary said, laughing joyfully.
“After I retired, I forgot how to say ‘no.’”
His wife, Sharon, 74, can’t believe how
active her husband of 54 years is.
“I have a long list of things he is involved
in,” she said. “There are about 14 things he
is still doing. He keeps thinking he’ll have
time to go fishing, but he never does.”
Getting involved
Gary and his wife, Sharon, moved to
Moore from Lewistown in 1977, after
Gary switched careers from teaching at
Lincoln Elementary School to working on
the fire crew for the Bureau of Land Man-
agement. Originally, the move to Moore
was a way to save money.
“In 1977 the housing market was really
expensive in Lewistown,” Gary said. “My
brother-in-law was teaching in Moore at
the time and said this house was for sale.”
Little did Gary know how invested he’d
get in the community, but the need was
there. In 1985, Moore was having a prob-
lem finding people to run for mayor, and
some in the community approached Gary
about the position.
“It’s hard in these little towns to get
someone to step up,” Gary said.
Gary didn’t hesitate. He ran, won and
served five terms from 1986 to 2004.
A humble man, Gary does not boast
about his time as mayor. What mattered
August 2014 — 12
Former small-town mayor busier than ever
MT Best Times photos by Charlie Denison
Gary Greenwood laughs as he recalls his days as mayor of Moore. Although 10 years removed from office, the 77-year-old
continues to contribute to the community in many ways.
Doing it all
most to him in his time of public service was the opportunity to
help the community and move it forward.
“I enjoyed working with the people and I hoped to make a dif-
ference in town,” Gary said.
In many ways, Gary moved the community forward.
“There were no paved streets before I was mayor,” he said.
Gary was also instrumental in keeping the water and sewer
lines running efficiently.
“A new sewer system was installed in 1984, and I made it a pri-
ority to make sure it was running well,” he said. “A lot goes into
that.”
Gary is grateful for his time as mayor, but mostly he is thankful
he had the chance to be there for the community when they need-
ed him.
“People kept asking me to do it, so I did it,” he said.
Although, Gary admits, he can’t believe he served for 18 years.
“As long as there was a need, I’d do the job,” he said.
Still investing in his town
For 10 years, Gary has no longer held the title of mayor but he
continues to invest in the little town he calls home. Gary is yet to
“slow down” or “take it easy.” He can’t stop being active if he
tried.
“I just figured my parents volunteered a lot of their time. Dad
did it whenever he could and my mom did it a lot,” Gary said.
“You live in a community, you give back to the community. I
really believe that people should be that way. If you live there,
you should help it out.”
Gary plans to continue following in his parents’ footsteps by
giving back to the community he loves.
And maybe one day he will get his fishing rod out.
“We’ll see about that,” Sharon said.
Charlie Denison may be reached at reporter@lewistownnews.
com or (406) 535-3401.
August 2014 — 13
Top right: Greenwood speaks at a recent Moore town council
meeting. Greenwood is the chairman of the Moore Library
Board. He also sits on the board for a school scholarship
program and the Central Montana Council on Aging.
Right: Greenwood, left, and his wife, Sharon, stand outside
their home in Moore in July.
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especially for those who are sedentary. Strength is signified by
big muscles. Loss of muscle bulk also means a loss of strength.
But being weaker makes it even less likely that important physi-
cal activity will occur. At the same time, stamina decreases, mak-
ing exercise actually uncomfortable. So you don’t feel like eating
(especially true for those who live alone and must do their own
cooking) and you don’t feel like exercising.
At this point, there’s a fork in the road. Take one side to contin-
ue the present course, getting physically weaker until, within a
decade or two, you become frail. Or take the other side, where
you have to force yourself to eat properly with good nutrition
along with an overall, well balanced fitness program that will
Workout, from Page 11
See Workout, Page 16
But free weights are the best thing to use if you really want to
get strong, there’s no question about it,” asserted Karchut, who
said he took up weightlifting in high school in 1961 and entered
his first competition three months later.
He went on to win the teenage nationals in 1963 and place sev-
enth in the 1964 junior nationals, a competition for 18-to-20-year-
olds.
“It’s just like anything else — certain people go crazy for cer-
tain sports. I just loved lifting weights and competing,” said Kar-
chut, who after graduating from the junior level entered 21 con-
secutive senior national championships, winning eight of them.
Karchut’s weightlifting prowess also earned him a spot on the
U.S. team at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany, where he
competed as a light-heavyweight and found himself in good posi-
tion to medal before getting injured performing a clean-and-jerk
lift.
Karchut also qualified for the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, only
to see then-President Jimmy Carter refuse to send the U.S. team
to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan the previous year.
Karchut, who continued lifting and training while holding
down a full-time job, retired from competitive weightlifting in
1988, but continues lifting weights.
“Anybody can weight train, even if you never did it and you’re
60 or 70 years old, you can do it. You just have to be careful and
have to stay with it on a regular basis. For older people, bones are
like muscles — they will respond to a load and will get stronger.
It’s just a matter of gradually increasing weights and training on a
regular basis,” said Karchut, who works out in the basement of
his Dillon home five days a week, the days he doesn’t travel to
Bozeman to tutor others in weightlifting, with Gough.
“Weightlifting is just something I did as a kid. I always liked
it,” said Gough, who after serving as a Marine in Vietnam in 1966
and 1967 served as a police officer in San Francisco, where he
worked undercover in some of the most dangerous parts of the
city.
“After I became a policeman, I became more aware of the sport
of weightlifting,” said Gough, who set up a weightlifting training
center for disadvantaged kids in the Bay Area.
“I used to wake up at 4 a.m. to commute to work, start my watch
at 5:45 a.m., work to just before 4 p.m., and then my real day
would begin. I would race across town to get to my training center
so I could get started training kids. I’d be there until 9 o’clock at
night,” said Gough, who saw his students earn five of the 30 invita-
tions for weightlifters to the 1996 U.S. Olympic Trials.
“I was very lucky, I had a supportive wife,” said Gough, of his
longtime spouse, Gale, the administrative manager for the Mon-
tana State University faculty senate and a former marine biologist
who used to swim with sharks while monitoring their behavior at
the Steinhart Aquarium in San Francisco.
Settling in Montana
Gough, a native Virginian with ancestral ties to Butte, would
often vacation in Montana, which he and his wife decided to
make their permanent home after he retired in 1996 following
almost a quarter century working as a police officer in San Fran-
cisco.
“My wife and I were taking a summer vacation. We would go
to Bozeman, and then on our way back to San Francisco we
would drive down through the Madison Valley. One summer we
realized we were tired of leaving the valley, so we looked for a
piece of property to buy,” said Gough, who since retiring has
written “Colter’s Run,” a historical novel about the legendary
frontiersman John Colter and his escape from captivity with the
Blackfeet tribe. He is currently working with a team that includes
Gale to produce a movie based on the book.
A programmer and mechanical engineer by trade, Karchut
came to Big Sky Country in similar fashion, deciding to retire in
Dillon after enjoying vacations in Montana with his wife, Clau-
dia, whom he met at Barrett Hospital while installing a system
designed to help the hospital to save money on supplies.
But even in retirement, both Gough and Karchut continue to
work hard, logging 12-hour days to pass along the knowledge and
enthusiasm they earned through years of training, competing in
and teaching Olympic weightlifting.
“Anybody who wants to learn how to do Olympic lifts,” said
Karchut, “we’d be happy to show them.”
“We work with anybody who wants to work,” said Gough.
M.P. Regan may be reached at news@dillontribune.com or
(406) 683-2331.
August 2014 — 14
Weightlifting, from Page 9
Photo courtesy of www.mikesgym.org
Pictured are Olympic weightlifting trainers, from left, Michael
Karchut and Steve Gough, with Mike Burgener, owner of
Mike’s Gym, a Regional Training Center for USA Weightlifting.
Jon Bon Jovi to be honored
PHILADELPHIA (AP) — Rock star Jon Bon Jovi will be hon-
ored with an award named for an opera singer.
The Marian Anderson Award is given in Philadelphia to “critical-
ly acclaimed artists who have impacted society in a positive way.”
In announcing the recipient, organizers said Bon Jovi has used
his musical success to support groups working to end homeless-
ness and hunger.
Bon Jovi will accept the $25,000 award on Nov. 18 at the city’s
Kimmel Center for the Performing Arts.
Anderson was a celebrated contralto and Philadelphia native
who in 1955 became the first black soloist at the Metropolitan
Opera in New York. She died in 1993 at age 96.
Previous winners include actor James Earl Jones, poet Maya
Angelou and actress Elizabeth Taylor.
People
August 2014 — 15
Photo by Joel Koyama/Star-Tribune/MCT
Marcia and Doug Dewane are pictured in their new condo in St. Paul, Minnesota.
Some baby boomers purging possessions,
trade traditional for modern
By Kim Palmer
Star Tribune (Minneapolis) (MCT)
Some baby boomers are purging their possessions and swap-
ping traditional homes for modern condos.
Steve and Jody Anderly wanted a change: a smaller, easy-living
home. “We wanted to get rid of maintenance and upkeep,” said
Steve, who had come through a cancer challenge and was ready
for a simplified lifestyle.
Along with that, they craved a simpler aesthetic _ “a clean,
uncluttered look, clean lines, less fuss,” said Jody.
Marcia and Doug Dewane were at another crossroads. Eyeing
retirement, they were ready to leave their longtime home, downsize
and move closer to their family. “We knew we wanted to relocate
to the Twin Cities — the grandchildren are here,” said Marcia.
Their situations were different but both couples chose essen-
tially the same solution: They sold their big, single-family houses
— leaving behind many of the belongings they’d accumulated
during decades of living there — and moved into condos that
they outfitted in a dramatically different style, with new, modern
furniture, accessories and even new dishes.
“We had traditional before, and we wanted to get away from
it,” said Jody Anderly of their family home, which they left for a
condo.
August 2014 — 16
Photos by Joel Koyama/Star-Tribune/MCT
Shown above is the living room in Marcia and Doug Dewane’s
new condo in St. Paul, Minnesota, and below, the guest
bedroom.
“We just wanted it to be all new and different,” said Marcia
Dewane of the downtown St. Paul, Minnesota, condo she and her
husband moved into after more than three decades of living in
their antique-filled house.
Shedding the old and starting over — fresh and unencumbered
— with a totally new look is the stuff of fantasy for many an
aging baby boomer. “So many people have said, ‘I want to do the
same,’ “ said Doug. But the Dewanes and the Anderlys actually
acted on that fantasy.
“We stripped down everything and started with a clean slate,”
said Steve.
While few go as far as that, midlife clients who want a new
look for a new stage of life are increasingly common, according
to Sue Hunter of Home for a Change Interior Design, the design-
er who worked with the Dewanes.
Empty nesters aren’t just turning kids’ former bedrooms into
dens or craft rooms. Often they want to re-engineer their home
completely or move to something dramatically different. They’re
looking for help uncluttering and creating cleaner, simpler updat-
ed spaces, Hunter said. “This is a huge part of my business.”
A change in life circumstance can be a catalyst for rethinking
where and how you want to live, said Pat Manning-Hanson, a
designer with Gabberts Design Studio. Often you don’t have to
move to create a “new” home, she said. “I encourage people to
start with an audit of each room, how much space they have and
what they’d like to have in that space.”
Often that means letting go — of a lot of things, linked to a
lifetime of memories. For designers who work with people trying
to downsize, “the designer is really the therapist,” said Melinda
Nelson, a spokeswoman for Gabberts, “helping clients reinvent
themselves and navigate the nuances of emotion” that come with
deciding which belongings are truly meaningful and which are
just excess baggage.
For the Dewanes, who sold 90 percent of what they owned at
auction, starting fresh was liberating.
“Some of Marcia’s friends asked, ‘Doesn’t this make you sad
(seeing all your things sold)?’ “ Doug said. “The response was
‘No.’ It felt fantastic.”
help keep you healthy and energetic — and a great deal more
comfortable as you continue to age.
But additional adjustments must be made to protect health
against the effects of aging; especially mental health. Otherwise,
you may be perceived as having dementia, and in fact, you may
have an easily reversible form of that condition.
Here again, things tie together. One: that feeling which always
told you when you were sleepy often just disappears. You’re
sleepy, but you don’t feel it, so you don’t go to bed. You get three
or four hours of sleep instead of at least six or seven.
The result is a constant state of sleep deprivation. The mind
becomes slow, easily confused and a lot more irritable. But this
can be dismissed as aging, so you are the one who must diagnose
yourself. If you are not getting the mental signal to go to bed;
pick a bedtime and use the same one every night. Even though
you don’t feel sleepy, you’ll usually drop into slumber fairly
quickly.
Two: The crummy diet with its nutritional deficiencies? If you
don’t get enough vitamin B12, that could cause pernicious ane-
mia, with symptoms of slowness, confusion and irritability.
At the same time, many new medical studies show that boom-
ers with low levels of vitamin D have increased symptoms of —
you guessed it — mental slowness, confusion and irritability. It’s
harder to get D from sunlight after 50, because boomer skin
becomes less able to absorb it. Those with vitamin D deficiencies
may suffer from impaired thinking. Adjusting by taking supple-
ments and eating a D-rich diet can reverse those symptoms.
It’s important to beware of changes that happen as the years go
on. Protect both your body and brain, and you’ll enjoy life much
more.
Wina Sturgeon is an active boomer based in Salt Lake City who
offers news on the science of anti-aging and staying youthful at
adventuresportsweekly.com.
Workout, from Page 13
August 2014 — 17
Tyler Tjomsland/The Spokesman Review/MCT
Barbara Wolfert, 78, reacts as she shows some of the treasures she gathered during her international travels as she shows her
apartment at Garden Plaza in Post Falls, Idaho, June 18.
Retirement communities offer independence,
but not all boomers are ready
By Erica Curless
The Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Wash.)/MCT)
Many baby boomers aren’t ready for retirement — much less a
retirement community. And some in this independent and free-
spirited generation are indignant about even discussing the idea
of someone so young moving to a community of, well, old peo-
ple.
“Too busy working to think about the ‘home’ and my mother
says she isn’t ready either,” wrote Becky Christner in response to
a recent Facebook inquiry about whether baby boomers are ready
for the retirement home.
Others were more blunt in their disdain of thinking anybody in
the 50 to 68 age range would consider living in an independent
retirement community.
“Your post is really not even cool,” wrote Joanna Musulman,
55, a local actor and model who wrote she was too busy rock
climbing, rafting, mountain biking, hiking, skiing, gardening,
making soap, making wine and raising her children.
Perhaps Ginnie Williams, 62, of Spokane, Wash., summed it up.
“We don’t readily accept aging,” Williams wrote. “We’re too
busy being active to accept the structure of a retirement home.”
Yet these attitudes aren’t keeping retirement communities from
courting the largest generation ever, the boomers born between
1946 and 1964. Even if boomers don’t like to admit it, they will
eventually reach “old age,” and perhaps will decide having some-
one else do the cooking, cleaning and driving might be a good
idea.
Marketers know boomers will eventually fill the retirement
communities, which are moving toward restaurant-style dining,
wine bars, spa-like bathrooms, larger living areas and closets,
pools, yoga rooms, workshops, garden plots and ambience more
reminiscent of a resort hotel than the boxy and institutional retire-
ment apartments of the past. Technology upgrades so boomers
can work from their retirement homes or so grandparents can
communicate online with their grandchildren and friends are
more and more common.
Sometimes the terminology throws off boomers, confusing a
retirement community with the old notion of a nursing home.
“The biggest trend that I see is that the days of ‘putting mom in
a nursing home’ are pretty much nonexistent,” said Beth Swilling,
a certified senior care adviser with CarePatrol, who help seniors
and their families find appropriate housing for the aging. “We run
across this misconception and fear all the time.”
Today most skilled nursing facilities, formally called nursing
homes, are mostly for rehabilitation, Swilling said. They aren’t
places where people live until they die.
A retirement community is just that — an independent place,
usually for people 55 and older, where residents can live without
the tedious tasks of home maintenance, lawn care or daily cook-
ing. Some communities offer apartments while others are more
like suburban developments with individual homes or cottages.
Usually the stand-alone homes don’t include meals, but there usu-
ally is a clubhouse or gathering place for neighbors to meet and
recreate. There are even mobile home parks with similar ameni-
ties for the 55-plus population.
Garden Plaza in Post Falls, Idaho, is one of the area’s premier
retirement communities, and it is attempting to catch baby boom-
ers’ notice. Often the first exposure boomers have to these kinds
of places is when they place their own parents in a smaller home
where they keep their independence and active lifestyle, without
the hassles of maintaining a larger house and property.
“The building feels like a beautiful vacation lodge with wide
open halls and congregational spaces that have large, comfortable
leather, stuffed chairs and couches,” said Swilling, who has
toured most retirement communities in the region.
Yet the average age of Garden Plaza residents is the early 80s,
with very few baby boomers. Often boomers only move into
retirement communities if they have health issues or older spous-
es.
Garden Plaza General Manager Ann Byers said she pictures
active boomers who have a condo at Schweitzer Mountain Resort
but live at Garden Plaza during the week, kind of a home base
where they don’t have to worry about the lawn, cooking or secu-
rity when they leave for the mountain.
“We also expect people who both work but don’t want the
upkeep of the home,” Byers said.
Debra Rubens, the director of marketing at Fairwood Retire-
ment Village in Spokane, said baby boomers are more inquisitive
than their parents and want to know everything about a communi-
ty from its finances to its reputation. They also are more demand-
ing in the services and activities they want. They want continuing
education courses, travel opportunities and absolute freedom.
“We don’t use the word facility,” Rubens said. “We talk about
different levels of residency. We tell people they can still work
and come here for maintenance-free living. They are just chang-
ing locations and getting out from all the burdens so they can do
what they want to do.”
Walt and Jodie Kroon and their Pomeranian Cherie moved into
Garden Plaza in August. The couple are healthy and active. They
recently drove to California to visit family and still put nearly
18,000 miles on their car each year. Walt, a concert organist,
plays in the Spokane Symphony when an organist is needed and
for three churches each week including the Episcopal Cathedral
of St. John the Evangelist in Spokane. But the couple is far from
boomers. Walt is 82 and Jodie is 81. Their oldest two children are
baby boomers — who are not interested in living in a place like
Garden Plaza — and the youngest is in her 40s.
Although 100 percent independent, the Kroons made the diffi-
cult decision to leave their townhouse on Avondale Lake when
their 65-year-old neighbor, an avid runner, had a massive stroke.
Walt Kroon worried that maybe they needed a place that was
smaller, safer and where assisted living was right next door if
either of them had a health crisis. Besides the independent apart-
ments, Garden Plaza’s campus also includes The Bridge assisted
living, where residents receive health care services and medica-
tion management. Life Care Center of Post Falls, a sister compa-
ny, provides skilled nursing and rehabilitation next door.
Jodie Kroon still isn’t sure if it was the right decision. She
moved “kicking and screaming” and often feels guilty — and
blessed — that she and Walt are some of the most healthy and
active people in the building. Often their neighbors call on them
for help getting out of a chair.
The Kroons thought they would stay in their home forever, get-
ting medical services delivered if needed. Many aging people
share that same sentiment.
Family Home Care, which provides in-home care, reports that
70 percent of people turning 65 will need long-term care. Yet 90
percent of people turning age 65 want to stay in their own home.
“Home is where everyone wants to be,” said Dean Roberson of
Family Home Care.
Yet that’s not always possible. And retirement communities
want people to know there are lots of options for living and mak-
ing life easier before any health care is needed.
The Kroons said they can’t imagine baby boomers living in
their community — no matter how nice the apartments or the ser-
vices. They are in their early 80 and unsure if it’s a good fit.
“I just couldn’t see them here,” Jodie Kroon said.
Resident Barbara Wolfert, 78, agrees. She moved to Garden
Plaza after her husband died, leaving her alone on a large proper-
ty where she had to drive to the mailbox to avoid wildlife and hire
somebody to plow snow. The retired Latin teacher, who took
yearly trips to Europe with students, loves the safety of a retire-
ment community and “getting waited on.” She likes the gourmet
food and the fact she doesn’t have to rely on herself to cook or
eat. Yet she can’t see her boomer children enjoying this lifestyle.
“You’ve first got to understand what it feels like to get older,”
Wolfert said, adding that most boomers haven’t yet had that expe-
rience. “They just wouldn’t be appreciative.”
Williams, who commented on the Facebook post, said she is
familiar with “the home” concept because both her grandmothers
and mom lived in them.
“They changed considerably in the years between my grand-
mas’ residence and my mom’s, but I think the concept of ‘the
home’ will have to change even more for us baby boomers to
willingly live in them,” she wrote.
August 2014 — 18
Sometimes the terminology throws off boomers, confusing
a retirement community with the old notion of a nursing home.
August 2014 — 19
Gallatin County
- American Cancer Society-Road to
Recovery: Drivers needed for patients
receiving treatments from their home to the
hospital.
- American Red Cross Blood Drive: Two
volunteer opportunities available: an
ambassador needed to welcome, greet,
thank and provide overview for blood
donors; and phone team volunteers needed
to remind, recruit or thank blood donors.
Excellent customer service skills needed,
training will be provided, flexible schedule.
- Befrienders: Befriend a senior; visit on a
regular weekly basis.
- Belgrade Senior Center: Meals on
Wheels needs regular and substitute driv-
ers, before noon, Monday-Friday, to deliver
meals to seniors.
- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Be a positive
role model for only a few hours each week.
- Bozeman and Belgrade Sacks Thrift
Stores: Need volunteers 2-3 hour shifts on
any day, Monday-Saturday 9:30 a.m. to 6
p.m.
- Bozeman Deaconess Hospital: Volun-
teers needed for the information desks in
the Atrium and the Perk, 8 a.m.-noon,
noon-4 p.m.
- Bozeman Senior Center Foot Clinic:
Retired or nearly retired nurses are urgently
needed, 2 days a month, either 4- or 8-hour
shifts.
Community Café: Volunteer needed, 2-3
hours at the beginning and end of the
month, to enter computer data into Excel
spreadsheets.
- Galavan: Volunteer drivers needed Mon-
day-Friday, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. CDL required
and Galavan will assist you in obtaining one.
- Gallatin Rest Home: Volunteers wanted
for visiting the residents, sharing your
knowledge of a craft, playing cards or read-
ing to a resident.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank: Volunteers
needed to deliver commodities to seniors in
their homes once a month. Deliveries in
Belgrade are especially needed. Summer
lunch program needs volunteers for a vari-
ety of duties including handing out lunches
at Beall Park and Belgrade.
- Habitat for Humanity Restore: Belgrade
store needs volunteers for general help,
sorting donations and assisting customers.
- Heart of The Valley: Compassionate vol-
unteers especially needed to love, play with
and cuddle cats.
- Help Center: Computer literate volunteer
interested in entering data into a social ser-
vices database. Also volunteers needed to
make phone calls to different agencies/pro-
grams to make sure database is up to date
and make safety calls to home bound
seniors.
- Jessie Wilber Gallery at The Emerson:
Volunteers needed on Wednesdays, Thurs-
days, and Fridays to greet people at the
main desk, answer questions and keep track
the number of visitors.
- Museum of the Rockies: Variety of
opportunities available.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to quilt,
knit, crochet and embroider hats for chemo
patients, baby blankets and other handmade
goods once a week (can work from home).
- Sweet Pea Festival: Volunteers are need-
ed to man the admission gate, or help chil-
dren with activities, Aug. 1-3.
- Your unique skills and interests are need-
ed, without making a long-term commit-
ment, in a variety of ongoing, special, one-
time events.
Contact: Deb Downs, RSVP Program
Coordinator, 807 N. Tracy, Bozeman, MT
59715; phone (406) 587-5444; fax (406)
582-8499; email: debdowns@rsvpmt.org.
Park County
- The Danforth Gallery: Volunteer help
needed, flexible times.
- The Depot and Yellowstone Gateway
Museum: Volunteers needed during sum-
mer season to greet visitors, flexible times.
- Fly Fishing Federation: Volunteers need-
ed to help with mailings, children’s activi-
ties, greeters, crafters, organizers, storytell-
ers, and more, Aug. 5-9.
- Loaves and Fishes and/or Food Pantry:
Many volunteer opportunities available.
- Stafford Animal Shelter: Volunteers
needed to play with the animals, do laundry
and in other ways and activities.
- Various other agencies are in need of
your unique skills and help in a variety of
ongoing and one-time special events,
including with mailings.
Contact: Shannon Burke, RSVP Program
Coordinator, 206 So. Main St., Livingston,
MT 59047; phone (406) 222-2281; email:
livingston@rsvpmt.org.
Fergus & Judith Basin counties
- Central Montana Fair: Volunteers greatly
needed to assist with checking out ice to
vendors and as ticket takers, 2-4 hour shifts.
- Community Cupboard (Food Bank):
Needs volunteers to help any week morn-
ings as well as with deliveries.
- Council on Aging: Needs volunteers to
assist at the Senior (Grub Steaks) and other
various programs.
- Library and Art Center: Volunteer help
always appreciated.
- ROWL (Recycle Our Waste Lewistown):
Recruiting volunteers for the 3rd Saturday
of the month to help with greeting, traffic
directing, sorting, baling and loading recy-
clables working to keep plastic wastes from
our landfills.
- Treasure Depot: Needs volunteers at
their thrift stores.
- Always have various needs for your
skills and volunteer services in our commu-
nity.
Contact: RSVP Volunteer Coordinator,
404 W. Broadway, Wells Fargo Bank build-
ing, (upstairs), Lewistown, MT 59457;
phone (406) 535-0077; email: rsvplew@
midrivers.com.
Musselshell, Golden Valley &
Petroleum counties
- Food Bank: Distribute food commodi-
ties to seniors and others in the community;
help unload the truck as needed.
- Meals on Wheels Program: Deliver
meals to the housebound in the community,
just one day a week, an hour and a half,
meal provided.
- Nursing Home: Assist with activities for
residents to enrich supported lifestyle.
- Senior Center: Volunteers are needed to
provide meals, clean up in the dining room
and/or keep records; meal provided.
-Museum: Volunteers are needed to greet
visitors and guides to show people around.
- Senior Bus: Volunteers to pickup folks
whom are unable to drive themselves.
- RSVP offers maximum flexibility and
choice to its volunteers as it matches the
personal interests and skills of older Ameri-
cans with opportunities to serve their com-
munities. You choose how and where to
serve. Volunteering is an opportunity to
learn new skills, make friends and connect
with your community.
Contact: Volunteer coordinator Mollie
Omicioli, South Central MT RSVP, 315 1/2
Main St., Ste. #1, Roundup, MT 59072;
phone (406) 323-1403; fax (406) 323-
4403; email: rdprsvp2@midrivers.com;
Facebook: South Central MT RSVP.
Custer & Rosebud counties
- Clinic ambassador: Need volunteer for
new position.
- Custer County Food Bank: Volunteers
needed for food distribution Tuesdays,
Wednesdays and Thursdays.
- Historic Miles City Academy: Urgent
need for volunteers to assist in thrift store
with sorting and cleaning donated merchan-
dise.
- Holy Rosary Health Care: Volunteers
needed Mondays and Thursdays in the gift
shop.
See RSVP, Page 20
Below is a list of volunteer openings available through the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) in
communities across southern Montana. To learn more about RSVP, call (800) 424-8867 or TTY (800) 833-3722;
or log on to www. seniorcorps.org.
RSVP
Traditional pesto is bad for you. Un-
less you’re a marathon runner or one of
the oarsmen on a scull, pesto will line
your blood vessels with lots of plaque
— especially if you load up the pasta on
your plate with pesto the way your Best
Times recipe contributor does.
Pesto is usually made from pine nuts
and Parmesan cheese. Both of these
culprits pack lots of saturated fat. Most
dieticians recommend limiting saturated
fat to less than 7 percent of total daily
calories. So this presents the conscien-
tious eater with a dilemma.
Traditional pesto is bad for another reason. It is a budget
buster. You’ll need a bank loan to purchase the basil and the
pine nuts it takes to make a lot of pesto.
Should you give up pesto altogether? Heck, no. That would
deprive your taste buds of a real taste treat. And pesto can be
made with ingredients that are much better for you than tradi-
tional pesto but which aren’t lacking in favor. Nor are these
ingredients expensive. You can eat like a prince even if you’re
a pauper.
And pesto is pretty. The way it shines on pasta is a treat for
the eyes.
The cilantro pesto recipe below is one of my favorites. But
the possibilities for pesto ingredients are almost endless. An
acquaintance of mine uses lots of different substitutes for
the basil in his pesto. He’ll use a combination of arugula,
cilantro, spinach, kale and sun dried tomatoes. He does use
basil if that’s available in his garden. He noted that arugula
adds a very good favor to pesto. When I asked him which
one is the main ingredient, he told me it’s whatever he has
on hand.
His favorite nut for pesto making is the almond. He admit-
ted that almonds require more processing than pine nuts or
walnuts, though.
He doesn’t limit his use of pesto to only a pasta topping.
One of his favorite ways to use pesto is on chicken breasts. He
pounds the boneless, skinless breast meat out to about three-
quarters of an inch in thickness. Then he puts a layer of pesto
on top, rolls up the breasts, sautées them until they get some
color and then bakes them in the oven.
Pesto freezes very well. It has come to the rescue on many
an occasion when it was necessary to throw a meal together
in a hurry at the Durfey shack. The favor of pesto is best if
it’s been heated up but not cooked. When I take a package of
pesto out of the freezer, I thaw it out in a small bowl of hot
water.
The recipe below calls for feta cheese and walnuts instead
of Parmesan cheese and pine nuts. They are much lower in
saturated fats than the traditional pesto ingredients.
On The Menu
With Jim Durfey
August 2014 — 20
Cilantro Pesto
3 bunches cilantro
12 oz. feta cheese
1 c. walnuts
6 garlic cloves (more or less, to taste)
Salt
Olive oil
Press cilantro into food processor. Add enough olive oil to
allow processor to puree cilantro. Cilantro leaves will be too
dry otherwise. Add cheese, garlic cloves, walnuts and salt to
taste. Process ingredients. Drizzle in olive oil while processing
until desired consistency is reached. Makes enough pesto for
eight people, even if one of them is a pesto pig like me.
- Miles City Historic Preservation Office: Seeking a volunteer to
help with clerical duties.
- Spirit Riders: Volunteer to assist with traffic control at funer-
als.
- St. Vincent DePaul: Volunteers to assist in thrift store with
sorting, pricing, cashier and stocking.
- Stepping On: Volunteer to assist with 8-week session of classes
starting in September.
- VA Miles City CLC: Urgently need volunteers to assist with
veteran activities.
- WaterWorks Art Museum: Volunteer receptionists needed, 2
hour shifts Tuesdays-Sundays.
If you are interested in these or other volunteer opportunities
please contact: Betty Vail, RSVP Director; 210 Winchester Ave.
#225, MT 59301; phone (406) 234-0505; email: rsvp05@midriv-
ers.com
Dawson County
- RSVP office and the Senior Citizens Center: Needs volun-
teers to help in the Fair Booth, August 7-10, shifts are open and
can be scheduled to meet volunteers desired times, need help
frying bread, filling orders and cashier duties. Please call Myr-
na, 377-3791, or Patty to help with our biggest fundraiser of the
year.
If you have a need for or a special interest or desire to volunteer
somewhere in the community, please contact: Patty Atwell, RSVP
Director, 604 Grant, Glendive, MT 59330; phone (406) 377-
4716; email: rsvp@midrivers.com.
RSVP, from Page 19
The good, the bad, but never ugly pesto
Wednesday, August 6
• Dawson County Fair and Rodeo,
through Aug. 10, Fairgrounds, Glendive
• Laurel Downtown Farmers Market, 4-6
p.m., Wednesdays through Sept. 24,
Laurel
• Livingston Farmers Market, 4:30-7:30
p.m., Wednesdays through Sept. 24, Miles
Park, Livingston

Thursday, August 7
• Columbus Farmers Markets, 4-6:30
p.m., Thursdays through Sept. 4,
Columbus
• International Fly Fishing Fair, through
Aug. 9, Park High School, Livingston
• Judith Basin County Fair, through Aug.
9, Stanford Fairgrounds, Stanford
• Rockin the Rivers, through Aug. 10, The
Bridge, Three Forks
• Montana Antique Airplane Association
Fly-In, through Aug. 9, Three Forks
• Lewis and Clark Caverns State Park:
Campground Programs, 8 p.m.,
Thursday and Friday evenings through
Aug. 29, Whitehall

Friday, August 8
• Big Sky Classical Music Festival,
through Aug. 10, Town Center Park, Big
Sky
• Musician’s Rendezvous, through Aug.
10, Itch-Kep-Pe Park, Columbus
• Glendive Farmers Market, 10-11 a.m.,
Fridays through Oct. 3, JC West Park,
Glendive
• Little Horn State Bank Farmers
Market, 7:30-11:30 a.m., Fridays
through Sept. 19, Hardin
• Red Lodge Farmers Market, 3:30-6:30
p.m., Fridays through Sept. 26, Lions
Park, Red Lodge

Saturday, August 9
• Gallatin Valley Farmers Market, 9 a.m.-
noon, through Sept. 13, Gallatin County
Fairgrounds, Bozeman
• Dillon Farmers Market, 9 a.m.-1 p.m.,
Saturdays through Sept. 27, Dillon
• Lewistown Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-3
p.m., through Oct. 4, Symmes Park,
Lewistown
• Miles City Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-
noon, Saturdays through Oct. 25,
Riverside Park, Miles City
• Stanford Farmers Markets, 9 a.m.-1
p.m., Saturdays through Aug. 30,
Stanford
• 3rd Annual Vigilante Music Festival,
Virginia City
• Lantern Tour Murphy and Brady
Living History Program, Virginia City
• Commemoration of the Battle of the
Big Hole, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Big Hole
National Battlefield, Wisdom

Sunday, August 10
• St. Timothy’s Summer Music Festival,
4 p.m., Sundays through Aug. 24,
Anaconda

Tuesday, August 12
• Bogert Farmers Market, 5-8 p.m.,
Tuesdays through Sept. 23, Bogert Park,
Bozeman
• Miles City Farmers Market, 5-7 p.m.,
Tuesdays through October 25, Riverside
Park, Miles City

Thursday, August 14
• 29th Annual Montana Cowboy Poetry
Gathering and Western Music
Rendezvous, through Aug. 17, Lewistown
• Miles City Garden Club meets every
2nd Thursday of the month, 7 p.m.,
First Baptist Church, Miles City
• Beartooth Rendezvous BMW
Motorcycle Rally, through Aug. 17, Red
Lodge

Friday, August 15
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo, 5 p.m.,
Lewistown
• Relay for Life, through Aug. 16, 7 p.m.-
7 a.m., Miles Community College track,
Miles City

Saturday, August 16
• Forsyth Duck Days, Forsyth
• Gardiner Brewfest in the Park, Arch
Park, Gardiner
• Bark in the Park, Sacajawea Park,
Livingston
Sunday, August 17
• Cruisin on Main Car Show, Bozeman
• Cycle Greater Yellowstone Road Bicycle
Tour, through Aug. 23, Bozeman
• Annual Art Auction Exhibit, through
Sept. 27, Miles City
• Southeastern Montana Fiddlers, 2-5
p.m., Range Riders Museum’s Pioneer
Memorial Hall, Miles City

Wednesday, August 20
• Eastern Montana Fair, through Aug. 23,
Eastern Montana Fairgrounds, Miles City

Friday, August 22
• Livingston Gallery Association Art
Walk, 5:30-8 p.m., Livingston
• Bozeman Trail Commemorative Chuck
Wagon Cook Off, through Aug. 24,
Virginia City

Saturday, August 23
• Old Settlers Days, through Aug. 24,
Clyde Park
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo, 5 p.m.,
Lewistown
• Demolition Derby, Custer County
fairgrounds, Miles City

Wednesday, August 27
• Beaverhead County Fair, through Aug.
31, Dillon

Saturday, August 30
• Free Quilt Show, Fiber Arts and
Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-3 p.m.,
Cobblestone Community Center,
Absarokee
• Dillon Jaycee Labor Day Rodeo,
Concert and Parade, through Sept. 1,
Dillon

Sunday, August 31
• 26th Annual Running of the Sheep
Drive, Reed Point
• Labor Day PRCA Rodeo, White Sulphur
Springs
August 2014 21
August 2014 Calendar
Q. Our possessions tend to define us
as a species, and our ability to imbue
them with rich meaning is a universal
human trait that develops early in life.
So try to put some rough numbers on
“the stuff” of your life?
A. By one British estimate, you will
likely go through 310 pairs of shoes in
your walk through life (UK National
Statistics), as reported by “New Scientist”
magazine.
175: the pairs of jeans that you will
“love and leave” before you die (UK
National Statistics).
544: “the deodorants that will disappear
under your arms” (UK National
Statistics).
13: the number of cars the average
American will own in his or her lifetime
(U.S. automotive statistics).
12: the different homes most Western
people will live in during their lifetime
(US Census Bureau).
And 1.3 million is the number of
“sheets of toilet paper that you’ll flush
before you fade away” (U.S. data from
Kimberly Clark, the Wall Street Journal
and the CDC).
Our relationship to the things we own
goes far beyond utility and aesthetics,
says the magazine’s Michael Bond.
Simply put, we love our stuff. As the
19th-century psychologist William James
argued, our possessions define who we
are: “Between what a man calls me and
what he simply calls mine the line is
difficult to draw.”
Q. What are scientists suggesting
when they say that “elephants know the
subtleties of the human voice”?
A. According to new research in
Kenya’s Amboseli National Park,
elephants can distinguish certain human
languages and can even determine human
gender and relative ages, “Science”
magazine reports. For example, they’ve
learned to differentiate the speech of adult
male Kamba farmers from those of adult
male Maasai hunters, who often spear
elephants in retaliation for their tusking
and trampling people or cattle.
When behavioral ecologist Karen
McComb of the University of Sussex used
concealed loudspeakers to play the voices
of the two different ethnic groups, the
animals seemed to know the difference.
The elephant family groups were more
likely to retreat and gather together when
hearing the Maasai voices than when the
Kamba voices were played. The elephants
were much less fearful of the voices of
Maasai women or boys. “Young elephants
likely learn this sensitivity by watching,”
say the researchers, “in a dramatic
example of a human threat changing
natural behaviors.”
Q. Regarding load-bearing locks,
who’s that surprising new Rapunzel?
A. Very well might be you, according to
the Library of Congress, says “Mental
Floss” magazine. Hair isn’t just the stuff
of fairy tales. Going by testing, every
strand of human hair is strong enough to
hold 3.5 ounces. And since the average
head has between 100,000 and 150,000
hairs, that computes to a human mane
potentially supporting 150,000 times 3.5
(ounces) divided by 16 (ounces per
pound) divided by 2000 (pounds per ton).
Thus, your final figure is over 16 tons!
“But don’t start lifting anvils with your
French braid just yet — it takes only an
ounce of force to pluck a hair from your
scalp. So while you could throw down
your tresses the next time a dashing
prince tries to rescue you, you’d be better
off pointing him to a stepladder.
Q. Can you beat the odds at the
casino? Maybe, maybe not, but can you
at least name ways you might try?
A. 1. Exploit the laws of nature: Since
roulette wheels are mechanical
instruments prone to wear and tear,
unbalances arise that steer the picks, says
former casino floor manager Bill Zender,
as reported by Jeff Wilser of “Mental
Floss” magazine. “In 1873, Charles
Jagger found a wonky wheel at Monte
Carlo and bet on the biased numbers. He
came away with $400,000 — that’s $7.8
million in today’s dough!”
2. Stick to the drab side of the room. To
see where the odds are the worst, look for
the flashing lights and bright colors used
to make those games more attractive, like
craps with its crazy bets of “the Field”
and “Any 7.”
3. Practice makes perfect. Overall the
house wins, but one exception is video
poker, with its typical house advantage of
only 0.46 percent, and even shifting in the
gambler’s favor at times. The payoff is
high but to cash out, you need to play at
an expert level and most players simply
aren’t skilled enough. So study up.
4. Know when to say when. Even with
the house’s 5 percent edge at roulette, you
have a decent chance of winning that first
spin, and the second, and the third ... but
if you were to play “forever,” eventually
all your chips would belong to the house.
Advice: If you are winning, stop.
5. Never, ever play Keno: At some
casinos, the house edge is as high as 35
percent. “No gambler has ever matched
all 20 numbers on a 20-spot ticket. The
odds of it ever happening are 1 in
3,535,316,142,212,174,336. (That’s 3.5
quintillion!)”
Q. What’s the point or function of
zebras’ highly distinctive patterned
stripes?
August 2014 — 22
How many pairs of shoes will
you go through in a lifetime?
By Bill Sones and Rich Sones, Ph.D.
Send STRANGE questions to brothers Bill and Rich at strangetrue@cs.com
A. The theories go way back as scien-
tists have looked at the ranges and ecolo-
gy of various zebras and other members
of the genus “Equus,” says Tim Caro of
the University of California, Davis, as
reported by Susan Milius in “Science
News” magazine. Along the way, they’ve
undermined the notions that the stripes
camouflage the animals in woods or daz-
zle big predators into misjudging prey
movements. Instead Caro’s team found
that “motion dazzle,” as it is called, does
not prevent lions from catching an abun-
dance of zebras. Nor did anything confirm
that stripes facilitate social interactions in
big zebra groups.
Q. Several hundred billion stars
make up our galaxy, though some 70
percent of them — so-called red dwarfs
— are much smaller and dimmer than
our Sun. Does that also dim our pros-
pects of one day finding extraterrestrial
life?
A. Not necessarily, argues Harvard
astronomer John A. Johnson in “Physics
Today” magazine. Although red dwarfs
are cooler than the Sun, with surface tem-
peratures about half as much, surveys
indicate that they are quite likely to be
surrounded by Earth-sized planets. Fur-
thermore, these planets tend to orbit
close-in, warm enough to be inside the
“habitable zone” where liquid water can
exist. Indeed, calculations by graduate
student Courtney Dressing suggest that
one Earth-sized habitable-zone planet
exists for every two red dwarfs, implying
more than a hundred billion life-candidate
planets in the Milky Way! And red dwarfs
live much, much longer than stars like our
Sun.
In many respects, the study of Earth-
sized planets orbiting red dwarfs is easier
than for Sun-like stars. It is tantalizing
that the James Webb Space Telescope
(launch planned for 2018) will be able to
measure the chemistry of the atmospheres
of nearby red-dwarf planets, providing
direct evidence for or against the presence
of life.
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Across
1 Bounty mutineer
10 __ ordo seclorum:
Great Seal words
15 Poe title locale
16 Words of refusal
17 Versatile seasoning
18 Singer’s better half?
19 Screwball
20 Mariner’s direction
22 Game similar to
pinochle
23 Letters after Sen.
Jeanne Shaheen’s name
24 Spend leisurely, with
“away”
26 Zap, in a way
27 __ Provinces
30 __ tight
31 Informer
34 Chose, in a way
35 “On __ Majesty’s
Secret Service”
36 Fighting
37 Nucleic acid sugar
39 She played Mia in
“Pulp Fiction”
40 ’90s-’00s reliever
Robb
42 Kitchen set
43 Base
44 Pretax figure
46 Rat-__
48 Kind of line
49 2000 Richard Gere
role
52 Nodding
53 FICA benefit
54 Madewell parent
company
56 Like rock’s U2
58 Cyan relative
61 Cobra feature
62 Credit card charge,
perhaps
63 Utopias
64 Rang true
Down
1 Game attendees
2 Province of southern
China
3 Clinton Labor secre-
tary Robert
4 “Nothing’s broken!”
5 “Spider-Man” movie
company
6 __-80: old computer
7 Grocery chain initials
8 Starbucks request
9 Big name in streaming
10 “__ for Noose”:
Grafton novel
11 Horace, for one
12 One in a bar lineup
13 Most restless
14 Growing
symbol
21 Recklessness
24 Reports
25 Get going
27 Soprano group
28 Graphic novelist
Moore et al.
29 Twin Cities suburb
31 Explore with a tank
32 Garden color
33 Women’s issue,
familiarly
38 Where Antwerp is:
Abbr.
41 Jordan, e.g.
42 Common Internet
symbol
45 Three in one
47 Holyfield rival
49 Go with the
flow
50 Take in again
51 Coarse cloth
54 California’s San __
Capistrano
55 Part of a fast-food
meal, maybe
57 __ Pinafore
59 “ER” extras
60 Status chaser?
Crossword
August 2014 — 23
© 2014 Miracle-Ear, Inc.
15333ROPA/FP4C
BILLINGS OFFICE
1527 14th St. West
Billings, MT 59102
406-259-7983
SERVICE CENTERS
Glendive
Wolf Point
800-340-3720
BOZEMAN OFFICE
702 N. 19th Ave. Suite 1-C
Bozeman, MT 59718
406-586-5841
MILES CITY OFFICE
18 N. 8th Street Suite #8
Miles City, MT 59301
800-340-3720
Steven Howell NBC-HIS
National Board Certifed in Hearing Instruments Science 28 years Experience in the Hearing Aid Industry
*If you are not completely satisfed, the aids may be returned for a full refund within 30 days of the completion of ftting, in satisfactory condition. Fitting fees may apply. See store for details. Hearing aids do not restore
natural hearing. Individual experiences vary depending on severity of hearing loss, accuracy of evaluation, proper ft and ability to adapt to amplifcation.
Don’t waste another minute
Call and schedule your FREE* appointment today
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genuinely listen to you or understand your needs?
Are your current hearing aids sitting in a drawer?
Still wearing out-of-date, bulky hearing aids?
Does your current provider charge for basic
hearing services such as hearing tests, cleanings or
adjustments?
Do you still have trouble hearing in noisy
environments like restaurants?

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