Montana Best Times July

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Stroke was ‘a blessing in disguise’
From candles to modern power
Ornithologist tests an anti-bear technique
Reins, stagecoaches
and wagons
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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July 2014
July 2014 — 2
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Bookshelf .................................................Page 3
Opinion ....................................................Page 4
Savvy Senior ............................................Page 5
Big Sky Birding .......................................Page 14
Volunteering .............................................Page 19
On the Menu ............................................Page 20
Calendar ...................................................Page 21
Strange But True ......................................Page 22
INSIDE
News Lite
Skyscraper game of Tetris breaks world record
PHILADELPHIA (AP) — All the pieces have fallen into place
for the designer of a giant Tetris game.
Drexel University professor Frank Lee has earned the Guin-
ness World Record for largest architectural video game display.
Again.
Lee and two colleagues created a computer program to play the
classic shape-fitting puzzle on two sides of a 29-story skyscraper
in Philadelphia.
They used hundreds of lights embedded in the glass facades of
the Cira Centre. All told, the “screens” totaled nearly 120,000
square feet (11,000 square meters).
Dozens of Tetris enthusiasts played the supersized version in
April using a joystick from about a mile away.
The record announced June 24 beat the previous one also set
by Lee. Last year, he recreated the classic Atari game Pong on a
single side of the same building.
Man admires Alaska State Troopers,
turns himself in on warrants
ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — Acting courteous, even when
arresting someone, has paid dividends for the Alaska State Troop-
ers.
KTVA reports a 49-year-old Anchorage man wanted on several
felony warrants decided to turn himself in to troopers after watch-
ing an episode of the reality show “Alaska State Troopers” on the
National Geographic Channel.
Brian John Fahey approached two troopers in the parking lot of
the Anchorage headquarters.
According to troopers, Fahey said he believed they “were more
professional and courteous to the people they arrested than other
law enforcement personnel he had dealt with.”
Fahey has outstanding warrants for felony escape from an
Anchorage halfway house and for failure to appear on original
counts, including forgery and theft.
By Montana Best Times Staff
Montana was built largely on the rail-
road, and is a state with large numbers of
railroad buffs, so it’s hard not to yield to
the temptation to feature a book that cov-
ers an important time in the railroad histo-
ry of the West.
Enter “The Moffat Line: David Moffat’s
Railroad Over & Under the Continental
Divide,” by John A Sells.
The late 1800s and early 1900s in Unit-
ed States history was one the most influ-
ential time periods in the advancement of
our modern-day transit system, a news
release on the book, published by iUni-
verse, says. Railroads opened up a whole
new world for travel and economic devel-
opment in a previously uncharted territo-
ry.
“By the latter part of the nineteenth cen-
tury, the railroad was king,” the book jacket
for “The Moffat Line” reads. “… Despite
high operating costs and fierce competition,
the search for better and more profitable
routes was
constant.
David
Moffat …
dreamed of
a direct
route across
the Rocky
Mountains …
There was,
however, one major obstacle standing in
his way — the 13,660-foot Continental
Divide.
“‘The Moffat Line’ tells the story of
David Moffat and the impossible dream
that led to the 1927 completion of the
Moffat Tunnel.”
Sells book details Moffat’s life and the
incredible hardships he faced trying to
accomplish a dream, the news release
says.
“The story is also about the men who
drove the trains and built and operated the
railroad under incredible weather and
equipment challenges — day and night,”
Sells states in the release.
“The Moffat Line” is an educational,
easy read and includes a section of authen-
tic pictures the history buff in us all will
enjoy. At only 129 pages long, it’s a quick
read, too.
Sells has had an avid interest in the his-
tory of the American West for as long as
he can remember.
He is also the author of “Stagecoaches
Across the American West 1850-1920.”
He and his wife have four grown children
and enjoy traveling throughout the West.
He currently lives in Colorado.
“The Moffat Line” is available at Ama-
zon, Barnes and Noble and iUniverse
online bookstores.
Bookshelf
July 2014 — 3
“The Moffat Line: David Moffat’s
Railroad Over & Under the
Continental Divide”
By John A. Sells
iUniverse 2011 • Paperback
129 pages • 6” x 9”
$13.95 • ISBN: 978-1-4620-2654-8
Conquering the
Continental Divide
— a look at
one of the most
influential men
in railroad history
July 2014 — 4
Opinion
The ‘good old days’ before electricity weren’t so great
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
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Dwight Harriman, Editor • Tom Parisella, Designer
P.O. Box 2000, 401 S. Main St., Livingston MT 59047
Tel. (406) 222-2000 or toll-free (800) 345-8412 • Fax: (406) 222-8580
E-mail: montanabesttimes@livent.net • Subscription rate: $25/yr.
Published monthly by Yellowstone Newspapers, Livingston, Montana
Quick, a show of hands:
How many Montanans reading this remember when electrical
supply to homes was a little sketchy? How many remember when
there was no electricity at all? When you had to use gas-powered
lanterns? Kerosene lanterns? Or, the big one: candles?
A story on Page 10 in this issue of Montana Best Times, “From
candles to modern power: Electricity through the generations,” by
reporter David Larsen, details a power trip back through time for
folks in Big Horn County. Many them did indeed use candles
before the Rural Electrification Act of 1935 brought power lines
that changed their lives, and the lives of all rural Montanans, back
in the ’30s.
There are two types of people in the world: Those who take
electricity for granted (most of us) and those who don’t. Older
Montanans fall into that latter group. They remember the bad old
days before electricity, when you had to pump gas lanterns to
keep them going, and keep kerosene lanterns filled and the glass
clear of smoky smudge. We tend to romanticize those days as
being closer to nature and the earth, but I’m guessing they didn’t
find too much romance in it. It was a lot of work, and the light
wasn’t that great, either. The coming of electricity not only vastly
improved lighting, even more importantly, it allowed for electri-
cal appliances that made life a whole lot easier, especially for
women, who bore the brunt of household labor.
There’s one drawback to modern electricity: We are all one cat-
astrophic power grid failure away from the Stone Age, back to
the days of using pitch pine for light and hauling water from the
creek. Few of us are really prepared if something happens to the
power supply. We’re not thinking of it now in the heat of summer,
but long-term power failures can be especially dangerous in win-
ter if your home has electric heat or a gas furnace (which won’t
run without the electrical components that regulate them).
So take a hint from the old-timers in Big Horn County: Don’t
take electricity for granted. And have a plan to get you through a
long spell without it.
It might even involve a few candles.
— Dwight Harriman,
Montana Best Times Editor
Dear Savvy Senior,
What are the cheapest cell phone options available today to
seniors living on a shoestring budget? I only need it for occasional
calls.
— Seldom Calling Senior
Dear Seldom,
For financially challenged seniors who only want a cell phone
for emergency purposes or occasional calls, there are a number of
inexpensive no contract plans you can get. Or, depending on your
income level, there are also free cell phones and monthly airtime
minutes you may qualify for. Here’s where to find some of the
cheapest deals.
»No-Contract Phones
One way infrequent cell phone users can save money is with a
prepaid cell phone — also known as pay-as-you-go phones. With
a prepaid phone there’s no contract, no fixed monthly bills, no
credit checks and no hidden costs that come with traditional cell
phone plans. With this type of service, you buy a special prepaid
phone then pre-purchase a certain amount of minutes (for talk or
text) that must be used within a specified period of time.
While most major carriers like AT&T and Verizon offer inex-
pensive prepaid plans, as do independents like Net10, Cricket and
Virgin Mobile, some of the best deals are offered by TracFone
(tracfone.com, 800-867-7183) and T-Mobile (t-mobile.com, 800-
866-2453).
TracFone has phones that start as low as $10 and call plans that
cost under $7 per month. And T-Mobile has a super-cheap
30-minute plan for $10, and minutes don’t expire for 90 days.
That averages out to $3.33 per month. If you need more talk time,
they also offer an annual plan where $100 gets you 1,000 minutes
that are good for a full year. T-Mobile does, however, charge a
one-time activation of $35.
Or, it you would rather have a no-contract senior-friendly phone
with big buttons and simplified features, the Doro PhoneEasy 618
sold through Consumer Cellular (consumercellular.com, 888-345-
5509) is probably your cheapest option. It costs $60 for the
phone, plus a one-time $35 activation fee, and calling plans that
start at $10 per month.
»Free Cell Phones
If your income is low enough, you also need to check into the
Lifeline Assistance Program. This is a government-sponsored
program that subsidizes wireless (and landline) companies who in
turn provide free cellphones and around 250 minutes of free
monthly airtime and texts to low-income Americans. (Some pro-
grams in some states provide more minutes, some less, and some
charge a small monthly fee.)
There are currently around 15 million Americans who have a
free cell phone through the Lifeline program, but millions more
are eligible.
The free phones and minutes are provided by a number of
national prepaid wireless companies like Safelink and Assurance
Wireless, along with a host of other regional carriers throughout
the country.
Many states have more than one wireless company that pro-
vides the free phones and minutes. If you are eligible, the free
cell phone you’ll receive is a basic phone that also offers text
messaging, voice mail, call waiting and caller ID.
To qualify, you’ll need to show that you’re receiving certain
types of government benefits, such as Medicaid, Food Stamps,
SSI, home energy assistance or public housing assistance. Or, that
your household income is at or below 135 or 150 percent of the
Federal Poverty Guidelines – it varies by state. The 135 percent
poverty level is currently $15,754 for singles and $21,235 for
couples. The 150 percent level is $17,505/singles, $23,595/cou-
ples.
To find out if you’re eligible, or to locate the wireless compa-
nies that provide Lifeline government cell phones in your state,
visit lifelinesupport.org. You can also learn more at freegovern-
mentcellphones.net.
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443,
Norman, OK 73070, or visit SavvySenior.org.
Jim Miller, creator of the syndicated “Savvy
Senior” information column, is a longtime
advocate of senior issues. He has been featured in
Time magazine; is author of “The Savvy Senior:
The Ultimate Guide to Health, Family and
Finances for Senior Citizens”; and is a regular
contributor to the NBC “Today” show.
July 2014 — 5
Low-Cost and Free Cell
Phone Options for Seniors
By Alastair Baker
Montana Best Times
RED LODGE — Bill Barnes is one of
the nicest persons you could meet: charm-
ing, self-effacing, engaging and possessing
a sense of humor to brighten anyone’s day,
perhaps a strong enough personality to
change a winter’s day into summer.
Bill, now in his 70s, is also someone
who carries with him a kind heart and is
presently helping to promote the Climb to
Conquer Cancer event at Red Lodge
Mountain on Aug. 2.
The annual event, sponsored by the
American Cancer Society, has raised thou-
sands through fundraisers for research into
battling the disease.
But Bill admits he wasn’t always so
thoughtful … not until a life-threatening
stroke at 48 years old in 1991 changed his
life forever, or for better, if he has any say
in the event.
“My stroke was a blessing in disguise,”
he mused.
Material success, then …
Bill’s stroke came at a time when he
was a managing director and running a
successful marketing agency with friend
and colleague Tony Hobson called Hob-
son, Barnes & Associates, Inc. of Atlanta,
Ga. It was one of America’s top 10 firms.
The client list included The Stroh Brew-
ery Company, Eastern Airlines, Tropicana
and Riviera Hotels, Six Flags Corpora-
tion, McDonald’s Corp., Delta Airlines,
General Motors, Chrysler and Exxon, to
name a few. Events promoted by them
were massive, from Stroh’s Run for Lib-
erty, to Schlitz Country Stage at the Texas
State Fair, to Raleigh Truck Pulls and
Rodeos.
The company raised millions of spon-
sorship dollars.
So successful were they that a European
company offered millions to buy them out
so it could gain a foothold in the American
market.
Money was Bill’s whole life.
“I’d go to events and size any one up to
see how much I could make from them,”
he recalled.
Then, as the buyout was nearing conclu-
sion, a fiercely debilitating stroke hit him,
causing paralysis of his right side and
abruptly cutting off his speech.
Blessing in disguise
It was the end of that lifestyle as he
knew it. As he slowly recovered from the
stroke, regaining his speech and learning
to walk again — although to this day he is
completely numb down his right side —
he began to piece together a future that
offered more than the promise of money.
“It allowed me to stop and smell the ros-
es,” he said. “I truly believe that if I hadn’t
had that stroke, I’d been dead now,” refer-
encing his previous hectic, money-driven
lifestyle.
He agrees that his change mimics that of
Harrison Ford’s fictional portrayal of a
stroke victim in the film “Regarding Henry,”
July 2014 — 6
‘My stroke was a blessing in disguise’
Red Lodge man talks about how a health crisis changed his life
MT Best Times photo by Alastair Baker
Bill Barnes, one of the organizers for the American Cancer Society’s Climb to Conquer Cancer, tries his luck with a hula hoop
at a recent fundraising event.
where Ford the executive goes from the top floor to the bottom,
all the while his office and responsibilities getting smaller and
less important.
“That’s exactly what happened,” said Bill. “I realized things
had changed when I was able to go back to the company. People
wouldn’t look at me.”
A new kind of marketing
So Bill moved on and chose to come to Red Lodge. He’d been
here before and decided that it was the perfect place to settle in.
He begrudges nothing of his past and still recalls with fondness
those he worked with while at the marketing agency.
Back to the present day, Bill finds himself once more in the
marketing harness of old — but this time he’s helping organize
events and fundraisers for a charity, the Climb to Conquer Cancer
event in August in Red Lodge. The Climb is a noncompetitive
fundraiser wherein teams and individuals participate in a hike
through the mountains.
Remarkably, Bill is getting on with things just as he did in the
past and said he doesn’t find things “that different.”
“I’m enjoying it,” he said, with one of those summery smiles.
The Climb to Conquer Cancer event, set for Aug. 2 at Red
Lodge Mountain, begins at 8:30 a.m. with a survivor breakfast,
followed by the climb at 9:30 a.m., entertainment and food at the
ski lodge at 11 a.m., and an award ceremonies at noon. For more
information or to register, visit www.ClimbRL.org or call (406)
446-0402.
Alastair Baker may be reached at news@carboncountynews.
com or (406) 446-2222.
July 2014 — 7
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Montana Allergy & Asthma Specialists
By Sabrina Rocco
The Bradenton Herald/MCT
LAKEWOOD RANCH, Fla. — Sy Bricker remembers
sitting with his dad, watching him organize stamps at the
kitchen table. All the careful ways he would touch them,
cherish them.
Julius Bricker was a construction engineer in the
Bronx, and at the end of a long day, he would play with
stamps. This was his time, his relaxation.
Sy, only 4 years old, would get Dad’s garbage stamps,
the ones that had little value.
The tradition between father and son remained intact
— until 4 turned into 14 and there became better things
for Sy to do.
Sy Bricker went to college, got married and had two
sons. After countless Little League games and football
games, after the kids moved out and had kids of their
own, Sy, now 70, found his way back to the kitchen table.
In fact, Sy’s own table is now covered in stamps. Over-
flow from the million — literally 1 million — stamps that
live in the back room of his Lakewood Ranch, Fla., home.
There are stamps everywhere. Stamps in big binders
along the walls. Stamps in tiny books along the walls.
Rolls and sheets of stamps covering desks. Three of them.
Stamps on shelves. Stamps in filing cabinets. Stamps in
the closet. Stamps on the floor.
“It just burgeoned into a disaster called my stamp
room,” he smiles.
Sy, a retired middle-school social studies teacher, has
the first stamp the government issued in 1847: a portrait
of Benjamin Franklin, valued at $800.
Some collectors are topical, meaning they only collect
stamps relating to birds or cars or flowers. Some are general
July 2014 — 8
Family’s stamp collecting
transcends time
Photo by Paul Videla/Bradenton Herald/MCT
Sy Bricker uses a pair of stamp tongs to gingerly hold a 19th century Ben Franklin 1-cent definitive stamp. According to
Bricker, these stamps were used to pay for postage, which was calculated on distance, as opposed to the flat rate first-class
postage stamps of today. A 1-cent stamp such as this might have been good for a local delivery, perhaps 50 miles or so, but would
never get your missive from Florida to California.
July 2014 — 9
— they collect everything. Sy, however, is a country-spe-
cific collector, just like his father. He collects all United
States stamps.
His favorite? A set from 1893 honoring the discovery of
the new world. Pictures of Columbus and ships decorate
the pretty postage.
But the Inverted Jenny is the apple of his eye. In 1932,
the government misprinted the Jenny plane upside down,
skyrocketing its value.
“A stamp I’ll never get,” he said.
It’s valued from $225,000 to $1 million, depending on
the condition.
So, exactly how much time does Sy spend poring over
his stamps each day?
“According to my wife — too long.”
Where other wives may roll their eyes, however, Lucy
Bricker embraces her husband’s hobby. She helps orga-
nize stamps while watching her evening medical dramas
and game shows.
“It stops me from eating,” she says with a smirk.
Lucy, 69, drives her husband to stamp shows all over
the country 18 times a year. They can never fly. His col-
lection is too large to ship.
As time goes on, and as collectors die out, people like
Sy Bricker will become harder to find.
“The time crunch that an individual has today is differ-
ent than it was,” Sy says. “It was about a simpler life 30
years ago.”
But Sy’s grandkids may prove him wrong.
When Samantha and Macie, ages 7 and 8, come to visit,
they sit with Grandpa for hours organizing by subject or
value. He pays them $5 each for helping.
A tiny, homemade box hangs from a string on Grand-
pa’s stamp room door.
STAMP DROP OFF BOX is scrawled in blue marker.
Sy always sticks a few of his garbage stamps inside, the
ones that have little value.
From top to bottom:
One of the many bookcases full of binders containing
organized stamps is shown here at Sy Bricker’s home
in Lakewood Ranch, Fla. Bricker has amassed a
collection of U.S. stamps going as far back as the first
stamp the government issued in 1847.
Bricker leafs through a binder with some recent stamp
acquisitions in the guest bedroom’s “spillover storage”
at his home.
This commemorative reproduction of a block of
“Inverted Jenny” stamps is among Bricker’s collection
of U.S. stamps. For Bricker, obtaining an original
Inverted Jenny would be the greatest, albeit
unattainable, prize as a serious collector of stamps.
A holographic image depicts a lunar landing in one of
the more unusual stamps in Bricker’s collection — one
of a series of stamps issued in 2000 to commemorate
space achievement and exploration.
Photos by Paul Videla/Bradenton Herald/MCT
By David Larsen
Montana Best Times
HARDIN — There are currently 1,344 miles of power lines in
Big Horn County. Eighteen megawatts of electricity, equal to
about 18,000 light bulbs, run through them to Crow Agency, Har-
din, Lodge Grass, St. Xavier and Wyola. They also branch into
Parkman, Wyo.
But before the start of Big Horn Electric in 1939, there was no
central source of electricity in the county outside of batteries.
Lanterns and backup candles
Erle Gross, a county resident who was born in Lodge Grass in
1931, still remembers the early days before there was electricity
to homes and businesses in Hardin and the surrounding areas.
“We had white gas lanterns and kept candle backup if we lost
the lanterns,” Gross said. “We had two in the house, one in the
kitchen and one in the living room. They would usually last a
month.”
They also had a Philco radio run with two wet batteries and
five dry cells — a welcome addition to their rural home.
Bud’s Catering owner Bobby Hardt remembers when electrici-
ty was first provided in Big Horn County.
“I remember that, in terms of our house we were living in,”
Hardt said. “I was still pretty young and we were still using white
lanterns. We then got electricity into the house. After that, we got
a television set. It had a round screen and it was always a snow-
white screen because of the bad reception. At least we now had
electricity and television.”
Electricity comes
What brought about the change was the Rural Electrification
Administration, which funds the Big Horn County Electric Cor-
porations. The REA was founded during the Great Depression
under the administration of President Franklin Roosevelt.
The president believed that if private enterprise could not sup-
ply electric power to people, then it was the duty of the govern-
ment. This position was contested in the majority of court cases
involving the government-run power company, the Tennessee
Valley Authority, during the 1930s.
Many power companies during this period went out of business
or were bought up after they were unable to financially compete
with the U.S. government.
However, Big Horn Electric, with federal backing from the
Rural Electrification Administration, was able to secure 2-percent
loans to install poles and wire to provide electricity for rural resi-
dents.
Making it all work
Casey Munter, the general manager for Big Horn County Elec-
tric, has worked at the utility company for 43 years. In 1971, he
was hired to trim and cut trees for the right of ways (ROWs) to
put in the power lines for new construction.
“Back then, I needed a job and thought that it would be a good
place to work,” he said. “I did start out in the field cutting limbs
and branches.”
He later moved up the ladder and then started to negotiate the
ROWs with the various land owners when new lines were being
put into place. He became a ground man for the lines, a lineman,
lineman supervisor, and then an engineer to operate with the
managers. He took over as general manager eight years ago.
“I enjoy working with people and interacting with the public,”
Munter said. “It’s a great place to work.”
Munter oversees a vast array of company activities to keep the
lights on for everyone’s home and business. There are 17 full-
July 2014 — 10
From candles to
modern power:
Electricity through
the generations
Casey Munter, general manager for Big Horn Electric, stands
in front of a set of transformers outside of his company. Big
Horn Electric provides power to 2,400 sites across Big Horn
County, which has a total area of 5,015 square miles and is
only 10 percent smaller than the state of Connecticut.
MT Best Times photo by Andrew Turck
time employees working for him at
the company. The business is struc-
tured as a nonprofit and supplies low-
cost electrical services to its 2,400
members.
“We are going to stay away from
expensive electrical sources like
solar, wind and geothermal,” he said.
“They are just too much money for
our customers to pay.”
Power grid substations are main-
tained and operated at Hardin, Soap
Creek and Lodge Grass. There are also
feeders coming and going out from
what was Montana Power, and also a
remote coming into Busby.
An occasional disaster can happen
and the governor of Montana might
get involved, along with FEMA, said
Munter.
“Ice storms are the worst problem for Big Horn Electric,
because ice buildup can take lines down and knock power out for
days for homes and business,” he said. “That is why it is critical
to have a fast response time so that people in the service area are
not off their power source.”
Keeping the lights on
Disaster and Emergency Services Coordinator Ed Auker said in
a December 2013 interview that ever since people had switched
from the kerosene lamps of his grandmother’s days to propane or
electricity, they had become more dependent on power compa-
nies.
He remembered a point in recent years when power company
employees worked through minus 30-degree temperatures and
poor visibility to find a break in electrical wiring.
“Thank God, those guys work their butts off,” Auker said.
“They work in the most unbelievable conditions to try to restore
power to folks.”
David Larsen may be reached at news@bighorncountynews.com
or (406) 665-1008.
July 2014 — 11
The first pole for
the Rural Elec-
trification
Administration
is placed in Big
Horn County
sometime in ear-
ly 1942. The
REA was found-
ed during the
Great Depres-
sion to bring
electricity to
rural areas of
the U.S.
Photo courtesy of
Emma Jean (Meh-
ling) Stevenson
Central Montana Fair - July 23-26
in Lewistown at the Fergus County Fairgrounds
Fun for the
entire family!
This year’s highlights:
- Free Entertainment -
• Rusty Z-Comedy Hypnotist
• Keith Raymond-Magician
• Cale Moon-Musician
• Montana Clown Works
• Cowboy Mounted Shooting
For tickets and more information,
check out our website:
centralmontanafair.org or call 406-535-8841
- Reserved seating tickets only -
• Musical Shows and Concerts
• PRCA Rodeo
Wednesday and Thursday, July 23 & 24
• Night Show with Tracy Lawrence
Featuring JT Hodges Friday, July 25
• BGM Racing and Demolition Derby
Saturday, July 26 - fair favorites!
• Carnival Rides and Games
• Exhibits/Pre-Fair Horse Shows
• 4-H Livestock Judging and Sale
SPONSORS:
Ram Truck, Faye Ranches and Snowy Mountain Motors: Rodeo sponsors
Lewistown Propane and Fertilizer: Night show sponsor
O’Reilly Auto Parts: Motor sponsor
By Amorette Allison
Montana Best Times
MILES CITY — What used to be a
necessity are now a luxury. The great draft
horses that once worked farms and pulled
wagons are now mostly relegated to
parades.
But parades — specifically the Miles
City Bucking Horse Sale Parade, held in
May — offer a great opportunity to learn
about the role draft horses, as well as
coaches and wagons played in the history
of Montana.
Don Cain, 85, of Volburg, still keeps a
team of Percherons named Dolly and Molly.
For the Miles City Bucking Horse Sale
Parade, Cain hitched up his horses to a
stagecoach that belongs to the Range Riders
Museum. The coach used to make the run
from Miles City to Deadwood, S.D., back in
the late 19th century, starting in 1880.
Cain, by the way, is no stranger to the
conveyances of old — he has participat-
ed in many wagon train events, and will
take part in other parades this summer.
He was joined in the May Bucking Horse
Sale Parade by his 83-year-old sister
Helen Cain Cossitt, who celebrated her
birthday by riding “shotgun,” as inside,
two friends of Helen’s — Hazel Bush-
man and Elaine Perkins — rode the
parade route.
Something new was learned recently
about the coach Cain was driving.
Range Riders Curator Bunny Miller
found out it technically isn’t a stagecoach.
A true “stagecoach” was defined as seat-
ing six passengers and being pulled by six
horses. The biggest Concord stagecoaches
could carry nine inside and more on the
roof.
The Miles City-Deadwood run convey-
ance is actually a “mud coach,” so called
because it was lighter and went through
the mud more easily. It was also known as
a “celerity wagon.” These were used on
the roughest roads in the East but were
basic transport in the wilder parts of the
West. They were also cheaper to build,
July 2014 — 12
Reins, stagecoaches and wagons
Transportation means of days gone by featured at
Bucking Horse Sale Parade and Range Riders Museum
Photos by Sharon Moore/courtesy of Miles City Star
Above and on the cover: Don Cain sits in the stage coach driver’s seat as unidentified members of the Amish community help him
get the horses hitched up properly before the Miles City Bucking Horse Sale Parade on May 17.
About draft horses
Depending on its size and level of
activity, the average draft horse every
day eats about a bale of hay, and two
gallons of a corn, soybean and
molasses mix. It also drinks roughly
10 gallons of water per day, depending
how hot the weather is and how much
the horse works.
Draft horses weigh about 2,000
pounds, as opposed to 1,000 pounds
for a quarter horse.
partly because they didn’t have springs to make the ride more
comfortable.
Mud coaches seated four and were pulled by four horses. How-
ever, for the Bucking Horse Sale parade, since the wagon wasn’t
fully loaded, two draft horses did the job.
No matter what kind of coach was in use, the average speed
was between 5 and 12 mph. Traveling slower uphill and in rough
country plus stopping to change horses and let passengers take a
break meant that traveling 100 miles a day was considered a good
day.
Jerry Holman, of Terry, has a team of bays he used to pull a
different wagon in the May parade. The small covered wagon is,
much like the Deadwood coach, a smaller version of the big Con-
estogas that once crossed the plains. This was the sort of day-to-
day work wagon that often made the trip to town for supplies.
Hitching up a team of draft horses is becoming a lost art. Fortu-
nately for Cain, some members of the Amish community were in
town the day of the Bucking Horse Sale Parade, eating breakfast
at the Range Riders Museum. It is to this community that Don
goes to get his large horses shod. Some of the Amish came over
and helped hitch and groom the horses. At first glance, it looked
as if the scene were from another century.
Fortunately for travelers, the days of going by stagecoach or
wagon are over. The Omaha Herald in 1877 said about travel by
stagecoach, “Don’t imagine for a moment you are going on a pic-
nic. Expect annoyance, discomfort and some hardships. If you are
disappointed, thank heaven.”
Today the rides are for fun, and the great draft horses are just a
hobby.
Amorette F. Allison may be reached at mcreporter@midrivers.
com or (406) 234-0450.
July 2014 — 13
Freight wagons that hauled supplies long ago are pictured in
the Range Riders Museum.
This covered wagon pictured at the Range Riders Museum is a smaller version of the big Conestogas that once crossed the
Great Plains. This wagon also took part in the Bucking Horse Sale Parade held in May.
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EDITOR’S NOTE:
Montana Best Times
has been featuring
some of the fascinat-
ing adventures Terry
McEneaney had
when he was Yellow-
stone National Park’s
ornithologist. Fol-
lowing is another
excerpt from a new book he is writing,
“Lucky Feathers: Adventures and Experi-
ences of a Yellowstone Ornithologist.”
Having worked alone most of my field
career as a Yellowstone ornithologist, I
developed all types of techniques for
warding off bears.
My two best techniques for staying
safe from bears in the Yellowstone back-
country while studying birds involved
clapping my hands and yelling when in
dense vegetation when I did not feel com-
fortable with the surroundings. My phi-
losophy on bear spray was always carry it
as a backup but never rely on it, for the
best way to survive bears in the back-
country is to always stay alert and never
surprise a bear. The element of surprise is
what gets most people in trouble. These
were my tried and true, go-to techniques
to stay safe in grizzly country, and they
worked for me.
But one year I had a brilliant idea: Why
yell and holler in the backcountry to let
bears know you are coming? Why not try
a new technique?
So, I bought a loud referee whistle and
went for an extended trip censusing birds
in the Yellowstone backcountry with this
whistle hanging around my neck. I asked
several bear people whether this tech-
nique had ever been tried and all agreed
at the time that it had not, so I was bound
and determined to give this revolutionary
idea a field trial and save my voice.
I never had the opportunity to test out
the whistle until early one morning in a
late July, when I saw a boar grizzly walk-
ing parallel with me on the other side of
the Yellowstone River in the Thorofare
area 10 miles south of Yellowstone Lake.
I estimated the bear weighed approxi-
mately 500 pounds.
As the bear and I rambled parallel to
one another, both heading south along the
river, we got the attention of a herd of a
dozen-and-a-half elk standing on a gravel
bar. The elk remained motionless, mainly
attentively watching the walking behav-
ior of the bear on the riverbank.
Since the bear hadn’t seen me, and we
were separated by a 100-meter-wide
flowing river, and the grizzly was inter-
ested in chasing the elk on the gravel bar,
it looked like the perfect place to try out
my new bear safety technique. So I
pulled out the sports whistle and started
blowing loudly on it, to the point I made
three loud whistles lasting two seconds
each in length.
All of a sudden the bear ceased its
interest in the elk and looked up the high
bluff to the sound of the loud whistles,
and at me. Then it bolted the riverbank
and headed straight across the Yellow-
stone River right at me. I then realized
what went wrong: The whistles sounded
to the bear like a yellow-bellied marmot,
and that was why it was running my
direction.
July 2014 — 14
Terry McEneaney is ornithologist emeritus for Yellowstone National Park, and is the author of three books: “Birding Montana,” “Birds of
Yellowstone,” and “The Uncommon Loon.” He has been watching birds for 50 years and is one of Montana’s most experienced birders.
Testing a New Technique for
Warding Off Bears in the Backcountry
Birding
B
i
g
S
k
y
Photo courtesy of Terry McEneaney
Ornithologist Terry McEneaney is pictured in the Thorofare area of Yellowstone
National Park, where he had a unique encounter with a grizzly bear.
July 2014 — 15
I quit blowing the whistle and tried to
figure out how to stop the charging griz-
zly and get out of the situation. When the
bear got to my side of the river and 100
meters away, I decided to go back to my
old reliable safety techniques. I got out
the bear spray and yelled at the top of my
lungs at the grizzly, and sure enough, it
realized I was not a marmot and stopped
and ran the other way.
I laughed for much of the day about
how the whistle technique went so
wrong. But for me, it was a good out-
come and a very funny experience. To
this day, when I walk by that place of the
upper Yellowstone River in the Thoro-
fare, I am reminded of my experience.
So, the take-home message is this:
Never try employing a sports whistle in
bear country. And lastly, forget about
testing new techniques for warding off
bears in the backcountry. Leave it to
someone else and go back to what you do
best — studying birds in the field.
More short stories from “Lucky Feathers: Adventures and Experiences of a Yellowstone Ornithologist,” will be featured in forthcoming issues
of Montana Best Times. In the meantime, enjoy Montana birds! And the Best of Big Sky Birding to you!
Bird watching questions may be sent to Terry McEneaney by writing to 1215 Lolo St., Missoula, MT 59802; emailing terry@ravenidiot.com; or visiting
www.yellowstonewildlifeguides.com or www.ravenidiot.com. If questions are mailed, include a phone number at which you can be reached.
By Montana Best Times Staff
It’s here again: the C.M. Russell Stampede. Except this year is
special — it’s the 50th anniversary of the event.
This Stampede, set for Saturday, July 19 and Sunday, July 20 in
Stanford, will feature all kinds of events:
• Saturday, July 19:
- Free Stampede Music Fest, 3 p.m. (with special guest Thrill-
billies and the Urick family)
- Kids’ Stickhorse Rodeo with Miss Rodeo Montana, 4 p.m.
- Western Barbecue, 5-7 p.m.
- Quickdraw and Auction, 5:30 p.m. (featuring 16 artists from
around Montana and the West)
- Calcutta Steer Wrestlers, 6:30 p.m.
• Sunday, July 20
- JB Fit Club Bull Run and Bike, 7 a.m.
- PRCA Rodeo with Kids Calf Scramble, 1:30 p.m.
The rodeo premier events will include bareback riding, saddle
bronc riding, steer wrestling,
team roping, tie-down roping,
ladies barrel racing and bull
riding.
The Stampede Started in
1964, and the first rodeo was
pretty basic, according to a
brochure on the event.
“Over the years, the C.M.
Russell Stampede developed
into a finely-tuned work of
art,” the brochure states. “…
However, the philosophy has remained the same — hold events
that provide quality family entertainment; and raise funds for
many worthwhile causes in central Montana.”
For more information on the rodeo, call Mike Kirby at (406)
566-2422. For more information on the Quickdraw, call Steve
Urick at (406) 566-2528.
Get ready for 50th anniversary of C.M. Russell Stampede
Zero fighter part back in Hawaii
HONOLULU (AP) — A metal plate with the serial number of
a Japanese Zero fighter that crashed during the 1941 bombing of
Pearl Harbor has returned to Hawaii.
The plane careened into palm trees and a group of artillerymen
at the entrance of an ordnance machine shop on Fort Kame-
hameha 73 years ago. The crash killed four men and the Japanese
pilot.
The serial number “5289” was cut out of the plane’s aluminum
fuselage. It was hidden in an envelope for decades until it was
auctioned on eBay in March.
Honolulu attorney Damon Senaha bought the plate for $12,225
to donate to the National Park Service and the museum at the
USS Arizona Memorial.
He turned it over on June 23, The Honolulu Star-Advertiser
reported.
“I believe this belongs to the American people,” Senaha said.
“This was an attack on this country, (and for it to remain in that
envelope), where it’s hidden and people cannot appreciate just the
profoundness of what happened in history and what really shaped
Hawaii, would be unfortunate.”
Park officials called the serial number significant and very rare.
“I think that’s the coolest piece of airplane wreckage I’ve seen
that we have, and I would love to have it publicly displayed,”
said Scott Pawlowski, chief of cultural and natural resources for
the park service. He called the donation “very generous.”
Thief steals Model A from churchgoer
PRINEVILLE, Ore. (AP) — Central Oregon authorities say a
79-year-old man took a 1930 Ford Model A coupe to church on a
recent Sunday to show it off.
But when he left it so he could get a bite of lunch, sheriff’s
deputies say, it was stolen and crashed into the Crooked River
south of Prineville.
Photos show the mangled vehicle in the river, but no estimate
of the damage was immediately available.
KTVZ-TV reports that the man was fixing the car for a family
that owned it.
Capt. Michael Boyd says 34-year-old Erik Blake Halpin,
described as a transient, was accused of drunken driving and
unauthorized use of a vehicle. He swam to shore and was arrested
after he was treated at a Bend hospital.
News Lite
July 2014 — 16
Recumbent cyclists gather
for Tater TOT Rally
By Erica Curless
The Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Wash.)/MCT
To Ron Spiewak, it’s all about how he looks. That’s why it took
some pride-swallowing for the veteran and one-time bike racer to
embrace a three-wheeled bike that looks more like a recliner on
wheels.
But today Spiewak, 65, of Spirit Lake, Idaho, knows he has a
cool ride — one that he can pedal into old age without worry of
losing balance and falling or stressing his neck, back and wrists.
He brags about his trike at every opportunity and is excited to
promote the Tater TOT (Tricycles Optional Tour) Rally — a gath-
ering of hundreds of trikes and recumbent two-wheelers in Kel-
logg, June 28-July 2.
In its eighth year, this loosely organized and free event draws
trike riders from across the country and Canada to ride the Trail
of the Coeur d’Alenes, the Hiawatha Trail and other routes
throughout the historic mining area of North Idaho. One of the
highlights is always a ride to the Enaville Resort Snake Pit in
Kingston, which has reopened with new owners.
The kickoff is the welcome potluck and barbecue June 29 at 5
p.m. at the GuestHouse Inn on Bunker Avenue across from the gon-
dola, which is the official gathering spot for the very unofficial event
that boasts all fun and no rules, no tight schedules, no leaders and no
fees. An online forum, a fact sheet website page and two Facebook
pages are the only real organizing components for the event.
Wayne Leggett of Oxnard, Calif., attended what became the
unplanned but inaugural Tater TOT when his wife and neighbors
planned a trip to the Trail of the Coeur d’Alenes and put out the
word on an online message board for recumbent and trike riders.
Jesse Tinsley/Spokane Spokesman-Review/MCT
Debbie Claire, left, and Ron Spiewak ride their three-wheel recumbent bikes down the Centennial Trail near the Washington-
Idaho state line and the Spokane River, June 6.
July 2014 — 17
About 20 trikers rode together that July 2007. Even then, peo-
ple did whatever they wanted and went wherever they wanted.
Somehow it became an annual event. Leggett said it works
because nobody has tried to make the gathering too official, for-
mal or organized.
“It’s a very, very welcoming atmosphere,” Leggett said. “A lot
of people who ride trikes are still in that evangelistic mode. Just
ask my wife.”
Spiewak, somewhat of an evangelistic trike-pusher himself,
agreed it’s the perfect opportunity for people to come learn more
about trikes and why they are a fabulous option for anyone hav-
ing aging problems — such as balance and joint pain — who
wants to keep riding and recreating. All the trikes and recumbent
bikes are on display during the Sunday potluck and many owners
let people try out the rides and get the feel for a three-wheel, low-
rider.
Aches and pains are how Spiewak, a mostly retired house
builder, got into trikes. Well, actually, it was his wife who broke
her elbow after a fall from her road bike and decided she needed
to embrace a new kind of bike riding. Like many baby boomers,
Debbie Claire, 60, had no problem transitioning to a trike. She
didn’t have to get over the “geek factor,” like her husband.
“I’m the one that wanted to get one first,” Claire said. “I’m a
nurse. I know not to let myself fall apart. I know when I’m 80, I
can ride this trike.”
Leggett said his friend has poor eyesight from diabetes and
uses a trike for transportation. She recently bought a trike with a
motor assist that allows her to do an entire Meals on Wheels route
on her trike.
The trikes have reclining bucket seats that keep the neck
upright and the back in alignment with the rider’s weight evenly
distributed. There is one wheel behind and two wheels in front.
The pedals are on an adjustable boom out front and the steering,
shifter and brake are controlled by handles at the side of the seat.
Most have disc brakes and shocks. Because of the small frontal
area, trikes are aerodynamic and fast with almost a go-kart feel.
With the three wheels and low seat, the trikes are stable and
nearly impossible to tip or fall off of.
Claire said the only caution is that they are low to the ground
— tire level to a car — making the trikes difficult to see in traffic.
That’s why most trike riders fly tall colorful safety flags and pre-
fer carless routes. To help, Claire made sure their trikes were
painted striking colors. Her’s hot pink. Spiewak’s bright yellow.
“It seems like it’s a certain age group that is gravitating to the
trikes,” said Debbie Domy, who owns Excelsior Cycle in Kel-
logg, Idaho. “When you have aches and pains, people think about
comfort more.”
The shop sells Catrikes, usually just a handful a year, including
to people who come to the Tater TOT Rally. She said the rally is
great for the local economy and promoting the area and its trails.
“They really like having the long, paved trails that are smooth
and away from the traffic,” she said.
Claire and Spiewak said the scenery is another draw, especially
the mountains, the lakes and the wildlife.
“It’s the most awesome environment,” Claire said. “People are
just waiting for a moose to pop up on the trail.”
The comments and photos on the online forum and Facebook
pages are testimony to riders’ enjoyment of the week.
“It was a long ride from Iowa, but the people there, and the
trails with all their splendor, made it very fun and worthwhile,”
wrote tpy2012 on the BentRider Online Forum the last day of the
ride in 2013.
Jesse Tinsley/Spokane Spokesman-Review/MCT
Another shot of Claire, left, and Spiewak riding their three-wheel recumbent bikes down the Centennial Trail near the
Washington-Idaho state line. They will take part in a large bike rally for three-wheel bikes in Kellogg, Idaho, later this month.
July 2014 — 18
Boomer health
By Erica Curless
The Spokesman-Review (Spokane, Wash.)/MCT
Sherrie Martin finally found an outlet for her unique array of
talents — physical comedy.
It’s the perfect way for a 55-year old woman to combine fife
playing, handstands and baton twirling. Now if she could only
figure out how to incorporate synchronized swimming.
Martin owns Spokane Aerial Performance Arts in Spokane,
Wash., and happened upon her talent for comedy while in Ireland
last year to learn how to rig aerial silks to the ceiling in her gym.
While at the Irish Aerial Dance Festival in Letterkenny, County
Donegal, Martin and her husband signed up for a comedy class
on a whim.
After getting laughs for just doing a handstand — an easy move
for a lifelong gymnast — Martin was hooked. It was an amazing
and freeing feeling for a serious woman who is strict and demand-
ing — traits that come from coaching athletes and pushing her own
fitness. Nobody has ever categorized her as “funny.” Yet she’s quick
to point out Lucille Ball never thought of herself as funny either.
Now she’s creating comedy routines to perform at this year’s
Irish Aerial Dance Festival in Letterkenny. She’s working with a
comedy coach based in Montreal — the home of Cirque du
Soleil.
The Martins enjoyed the Irish festival so much last year they
invited 14 students from their aerial silk classes to the festival.
Martin also hopes to perform her acts in Spokane.
In one shtick, Martin is a prissy baton twirler cart-wheeling and
rolling to marching band music. She accidently throws the baton
off stage. In a crunch, she goes through a gardener’s garbage can
looking for something to twirl: a rack, a shovel, garden gloves,
socks, a small stash of booze. Her body language and movements
convey her disgust and frustration.
“It makes me so happy,” Martin said. “I just can’t stand it. The
whole world just goes away.”
As an adult, she never thought she would be using her years of
Saturday baton lessons and skills learned in the Spokane Percus-
sionauts, a now-defunct drum and bugle corps comprised of area
schools’ musicians.
“I guess my weird skills are serving me well now,” Martin said.
Tyler Tjomsland/Spokesman-Review/MCT
Peggy Sue Moran, 56, performs an aerial silk move as Donna DeVerniero, 62, left, watches with Megan Rounds, also 62, at
Spokane Aerial Performance Arts in Spokane, Wash., in March. In the background, Kristi McKenna, 52, practices her exercises.
Aerial fitness instructor finds her funny bone
July 2014 — 19
Gallatin County
- American Cancer Society-Road to
Recovery: Drivers needed for patients
receiving treatments from their home to the
hospital.
- American Red Cross Blood Drive: Two
volunteer opportunities available: an
ambassador needed to welcome, greet,
thank and provide overview for blood
donors; and phone team volunteers needed
to remind, recruit or thank blood donors.
Excellent customer service skills needed,
training will be provided, flexible schedule.
- Befrienders: Befriend a senior; visit on a
regular weekly basis.
- Belgrade Senior Center: Meals on
Wheels needs regular and substitute driv-
ers, Monday-Friday, to deliver meals to
seniors.
- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Be a positive
role model for only a few hours each week.
- Bozeman and Belgrade Sacks Thrift
Stores: Need volunteers 2-3 hour shifts on
any day, Monday-Saturday, 9:30 a.m.-6
p.m.
- Bozeman Deaconess Hospital: Volun-
teers needed for the information desks, 8
a.m.-noon, noon- 4 p.m., variety of other
positions need filled as well.
- Bozeman Senior Center Foot Clinic:
Retired or nearly retired nurses are urgently
needed, 2 days a month, either 4- or 8-hour
shifts.
- Child Care Connections: Front desk help
needed Thursdays, noon-1 p.m., to greet
clients, answer phones and general recep-
tion duties.
- Children’s Museum of Bozeman: Wel-
come desk volunteer(s) needed for 2-hour
shifts, Mondays-Saturdays.
- The Emerson Cultural Center: Volunteers
needed for front office, greeter/reception,
Monday-Friday 9:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.
- Galavan: Volunteer drivers needed Mon-
day-Friday, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. CDL required
and Galavan will assist you in obtaining
one.
- Gallatin County 911 Communications:
Office help needed 1 1/2-2 hours one day a
week on your schedule.
- Gallatin County Election Office: Seeking
judges for the Nov. 4 elections. ($8 per
hour) Training provided.
- Gallatin Rest Home: Volunteers wanted
for visiting the residents, sharing your
knowledge of a craft, playing cards or read-
ing to a resident.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank: Volunteers
needed to deliver commodities to seniors in
their homes once a month. Deliveries in
Belgrade are especially needed.
- Habitat for Humanity Restore: Belgrade
store needs volunteers for general help,
sorting donations and assisting customers.
- Heart of The Valley: Compassionate vol-
unteers especially needed to love, play with
and cuddle cats, do carpentry work, be an
animal bank collector (asking local busi-
nesses to display an animal bank for dona-
tion collection) or birthday party leader.
- Help Center Telecare: Volunteers needed
3-4 mornings a week 8:30-11 a.m. to make
calls to homebound seniors, providing reas-
surance, check on safety and well-being,
and access to up-to-date referral informa-
tion to vulnerable individuals.
- Museum of the Rockies: Variety of
opportunities available.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to quilt,
knit, crochet and embroider hats for chemo
patients, baby blankets and other handmade
goods once a week (can work from home).
Handcrafters are in need of 3-ply sports
yarn, and baby yarn.
- Senior Nutrition Volunteers: Volunteers
needed to help seniors with grocery shop-
ping, meal and menu planning, and com-
panionship, 1-2 hours a week, days and
times are flexible.
- Your unique skills and interests are need-
ed, without making a long-term commit-
ment, in a variety of ongoing, special, one-
time events.
Contact: Deb Downs, RSVP Program
Coordinator, 807 N. Tracy, Bozeman, MT
59715; phone (406) 587-5444; fax (406)
582-8499; email: debdowns@rsvpmt.org.
Park County
- The Depot and Yellowstone Gateway
Museum: Volunteers needed during sum-
mer season.
- DES: Needs volunteers and coordinators
to help in “mapping your neighborhood” by
noting resources and those with special
needs in the event of possible emergencies.
- Fly Fishing Federation: Volunteers need-
ed to help with mailings, children’s events,
greeters, crafters, organizers, storytellers,
and more, Aug. 5-9.
- Livingston/Park County Library: After-
noon volunteers needed to help people find
books.
- Loaves and Fishes and/or Food Pantry:
Many volunteer opportunities available.
- Western Sustainability: Needs volunteers
to help once a month signing up seniors for
free Farmers Market produce.
- Various other agencies are in need of
your unique skills and help in a variety of
ongoing and one-time special events,
including with mailings.
Contact: Shannon Burke, RSVP Program
Coordinator, 206 So. Main St., Livingston,
MT 59047; phone (406) 222-2281; email:
livingston@rsvpmt.org.
Fergus & Judith Basin counties
- Community Cupboard (Food Bank):
Needs volunteers to help any week morn-
ings as well as with deliveries.
- Council on Aging: Needs volunteers to
assist at the Senior (Grub Steaks) and other
various programs.
- Head Start and grade schools: Volunteers
needed to assist students.
- Library and Art Center: Volunteer help
always appreciated.
- ROWL (Recycle Our Waste Lewistown):
Recruiting volunteers for the 3rd Saturday
of the month to help with greeting, traffic
directing, sorting, baling and loading recy-
clables working to keep plastic wastes from
our landfills.
- Treasure Depot: Needs volunteers at
their thrift stores.
- Always have various needs for your
skills and volunteer services in our commu-
nity.
Contact: RSVP Volunteer Coordinator,
404 W. Broadway, Wells Fargo Bank build-
ing, (upstairs), Lewistown, MT 59457;
phone (406) 535-0077; email: rsvplew@
midrivers.com.
Musselshell, Golden Valley &
Petroleum counties
- Food Bank: Distribute food commodities
to seniors and others in the community;
help unload the truck as needed.
- Meals on Wheels Program: Deliver
meals to the housebound in the community,
just one day a week, an hour and a half,
meal provided.
- Nursing Home: Assist with activities for
residents to enrich supported lifestyle.
- Senior Center: Volunteers are needed to
provide meals, clean up in the dining room
and/or keep records; meal provided.
- Museum: Volunteers are needed to greet
visitors and guides to show people around.
- Senior Bus: Volunteers to pickup folks
whom are unable to drive themselves.
- RSVP offers maximum flexibility and
choice to its volunteers as it matches the
personal interests and skills of older Ameri-
cans with opportunities to serve their com-
munities. You choose how and where to
serve. Volunteering is an opportunity to
learn new skills, make friends and connect
with your community.
Contact: Volunteer coordinator Mollie
Omicioli, South Central MT RSVP, 315 1/2
Main St., Ste. #1, Roundup, MT 59072;
phone (406) 323-1403; fax (406) 323-
4403; email: rdprsvp2@midrivers.com;
Facebook: South Central MT RSVP.
Custer & Rosebud counties
- Clinic Ambassador: New volunteer posi-
tion starting approximately July 1st.
- Custer County Food Bank: Volunteers
needed for food distribution Tuesdays,
Wednesdays and Thursdays.
- Historic Miles City Academy: Urgent
need for volunteers to assist in thrift store
See RSVP, Page 20
Below is a list of volunteer openings available through the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) in
communities across southern Montana. To learn more about RSVP, call (800) 424-8867 or TTY (800) 833-3722;
or log on to www. seniorcorps.org.
RSVP
When the people of an entire nation
consider one type of food to be their “of-
fcial” dish, it’s usually worth trying.
That’s defnitely true when it comes to
the most popular food item in El Salva-
dor, the pupusa. It gets its name from its
resemblance to a caterpillar in a cocoon.
The pupusa is a dough made with “masa
harina,” or corn four, that’s wrapped
around a flling. The pupusa is fattened
and then pan fried in oil. It looks like a
thick pancake when it is cooked.
My daughter-in-law served in the Peace
Corps in El Salvador. She introduced me
and my wife to the pupusa at a restaurant in Minneapolis called
Pupuseria. It was love at frst bite.
There is a challenge when it comes to making pupusas at
home. It’s very hard to keep the cheese from leaking out as the
pupusa cooks. But that’s not a bad thing. The ones we enjoyed
at the restaurant also had “leaked.” The cheese and refried
bean mixture that escaped from its “cocoon” had an interesting
texture and a fantastic favor. It was similar to the crispy cheese
that leaks from a grilled cheese sandwich and takes on a nutty
favor and a texture that is not very cheese-like.
The waitress at Pupuseria brought us a hot sauce and curtido
that we could use for toppings on our pupusas. The curtido is
worth the extra effort.
EDITOR’S NOTE: I can vouch for the tastiness of the pupusa
Jim Durfey describes. I also once worked in El Salvador, in a
refugee program, and my wife and I got addicted to pupusas.
Street vendors cook them on heavy metal sheets over hot coals.
It’s a slice of heaven to eat a smoky-favored pupusa cooked
that way.
– Dwight Harriman, Montana Best Times Editor
On The Menu
With Jim Durfey
July 2014 — 20
Pupusas
2 c. masa harina (corn flour)
Pinch of salt
1 1/3 c. warm water
1 c. grated Monterey Jack or mozzarella cheese
1/2 c. non-fat refried beans
Pulled pork (optional)
Olive oil
Chili sauce or curtido (recipe below) for topping
Combine masa harina, salt and water in mixing bowl. Knead to
form smooth, moist dough. If mixture is too dry, add more
water, one teaspoon at a time. If mixture is too sticky, add more
masa harina, one teaspoon at a time. Cover bowl with clean
towel and let stand 10 minutes. With lightly oiled hands, form
dough into eight balls about two inches in diameter. Use your
thumb to make an indentation in one of the balls, forming a
small cup. Fill the cup with about one tablespoon cheese and
refried beans and wrap dough around filling to seal. Make sure
the filling does not leak. Pat dough back and forth between
your hands to form round disk about 1/4-inch thick. Repeat
with the remaining balls.
Heat lightly oiled skillet over medium-high burner. Cook
pupusas for two to three minutes on each side until golden
brown. Makes eight pupusas. Serve warm with toppings of
your choice on the side.
Curtido
1/2 head cabbage, shredded
1 large carrot, grated
1/2 onion, thinly sliced
1/2 c. apple cider vinegar
1/4 c. water
1/2 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. brown sugar
1 tsp. dried oregano
1/2 to 1 tsp. red pepper flakes
Combine cabbage, carrot, and onion in large bowl. Combine
remaining ingredients in separate bowl. Pour this over the
cabbage mixture and stir. Cover and refrigerate for at least two
hours. Better if left to marinate overnight. Makes about four
cups.
with sorting and cleaning donated merchandise.
- Holy Rosary Health Care: Volunteers needed Mondays and
Thursdays in the gift shop.
- Miles City Historic Preservation Office: Seeking a volunteer to
help with clerical duties.
- Spirit Riders: Volunteer to assist with traffic control at funerals.
- St. Vincent DePaul: Volunteers to assist in thrift store with sort-
ing, pricing, cashier and stocking.
- Stepping On: Volunteer to assist with 8-week session of classes
starting in September.
- VA Miles City CLC: Urgently need volunteers to assist with vet-
eran activities.
- WaterWorks Art Museum: Volunteer receptionists needed,
2-hour shifts Tuesdays-Sundays.
If you are interested in these or other volunteer opportunities
please contact: Betty Vail, RSVP Director; 210 Winchester Ave.
#225, MT 59301; phone (406) 234-0505; email: rsvp05@midriv-
ers.com
Dawson County
- If you have a need for or a special interest or desire to volunteer
somewhere in the community, please contact: Patty Atwell, RSVP
Director, 604 Grant, Glendive, MT 59330; phone (406) 377-4716;
email: rsvp@midrivers.com.
RSVP, from Page 19
Tasty things come in cocoons
— Thursday, July 3
• Music in the Mountains
Concert Series, 7 p.m.,
Thursdays through August 28,
Big Sky
• Southwest Montana Arts
show and Sale, through July
31, Bozeman Library,
Bozeman
• Makoshika State Park
Campfire Program,
Thursdays through Aug. 1,
Glendive
• Northern Cheyenne 4th of
July Pow Wow, through July
6, Lame Deer
• Fourth of July Celebration,
through July 4, Laurel
• Lewistown 4th of July
Celebration, through July 4,
Lewistown
• Depot Festival of the Arts,
through July 4, Rotary Park,
Livingston
• Livingston Roundup Rodeo,
through July 4, Livingston
• Home of Champions
Rodeo, through July 4, Red
Lodge
• Lewis and Clark Caverns
State Park: Campground
Programs, 8 p.m., Thursday
and Friday evenings through
Aug, 29, Whitehall
— Friday, July 4
• Valley of the Chiefs Pow
Wow and Rodeo, through
July 6, Lodge Grass
• Independence Day parade
and festivities, Riverside
Park, Miles City
• Red Lodge Farmers Market,
3:30-6:30 p.m., Fridays
through September 26, Lions
Park, Red Lodge
• Roundup Independence
Days Extravaganza, through
July 6, Roundup
— Saturday, July 5
• Gallatin Valley Farmers
Market, 9 a.m.-noon, through
September 13, Gallatin
County Fairgrounds, Bozeman
• Dillon Farmers Market, 9
a.m.-1 p.m., Saturdays
through September 27, Dillon
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo,
6 p.m., Lewistown
• Lewistown Farmers Market,
8 a.m.-3 p.m., through Oct.
4, Symmes Park, Lewistown
• Miles City Farmers Market,
8 a.m.-noon, Saturdays
through Oct. 25, Riverside
Park, Miles City
— Sunday, July 6
• Montana Barbecue Cook-
Off, Woodard Avenue,
Absarokee
• St. Timothy’s Summer
Music Festival, 4 p.m.,
Sundays through Aug. 24,
Anaconda
— Tuesday, July 8
• Bogert Farmers Market, 5-8
p.m., Tuesdays through Sept.
23, Bogert Park, Bozeman
• Miles City Farmers Market,
5-7 p.m., Tuesdays through
Oct. 25, Riverside Park, Miles
City
— Wednesday, July 9
• Laurel Downtown Farmers
Market, 4-6 p.m., Wednesdays
through Sept. 24, Laurel
• Livingston Farmers Market,
4:30-7:30 p.m., Wednesdays
through Sept. 24, Miles Park,
Livingston
— Thursday, July 10
• Miles City Garden Club
meets every 2nd Thursday of
the month, 7 p.m., First
Baptist Church, Miles City
• Yellowstone Boat Float,
through July 13, Livingston
— Friday, July 11
• Brewfest, through July 12,
Big Sky
• Montana Folk Festival,
through July 13, Butte
• Glendive Farmers Market,
10-11 a.m., Fridays through
Oct. 3, JC West Park,
Glendive
• Will James Roundup,
through July 13, Hardin
— Saturday, July 12
• Annual Bicycle Club One
Helena Hundred, Helena
— Sunday, July 13
• Stillwater County Fair,
through July 19, Columbus
• Beartooth 10K Run, Red
Lodge
— Monday, July 14
• Lantern Tour Livingston
History Program, Virginia
City
— Tuesday, July 15
• Big Sky Food Festival, Big
Sky
— Wednesday, July 16
• Gallatin County Fair,
through July 20, Bozeman
— Thursday, July 17
• Rosebud Treasure County
Fair, through July 20, Forsyth
• Columbus Farmers Markets,
4-6:30 p.m., Thursdays
through Sept. 4, Columbus
— Friday, July 18
• Relay for Life survivors
dinner, Range Riders Museum
Pioneer Memorial Hall, Miles
City
— Saturday, July 19
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo,
6 p.m., Lewistown
• Barn Players “War of the
Worlds” Live Radio Show
and Dinner, Miles City
• David Onley: WaterWorks
Art Museum with Joe
Whalen, Miles City
• 50th C.M. Russell Stampede
Anniversary and Music Fest,
through July 20, Fairgrounds,
Stanford
• Stanford Farmers Markets, 9
a.m.-1 p.m., Saturdays
through Aug. 30, Stanford
— Sunday, July 20
• Southeastern Montana
Fiddlers, 2-5 p.m., Range
Riders Museum Pioneer
Memorial Hall, Miles City
• PRCA Rodeo, 1:30 p.m.,
Fairgrounds, Stanford
— Monday, July 21
• Sweet Grass County Fair,
through July 25, Big Timber
— Wednesday, July 23
• Central Montana Horse
Show, Fair and Rodeo,
through July 26, Lewistown
— Thursday, July 24
• Whitehall Frontier Days,
through July 26, Whitehall
• Evel Knievel Days, through
July 26, Butte
— Friday, July 25
• Livingston Gallery
Association Art Walk, 5:30-8
p.m., Livingston
— Saturday, July 26
• Cowboy Mounted Shooting,
Big Timber
• SLAB Town Antique Show,
Little Bear School House
Museum, through July 27,
Bozeman
• Dutch Oven Cook-off,
noon-4 p.m. Range Riders
Museum, Miles City
• Floating Flotillas Fish
Fantasy, Twin Bridges
• TerryYippee, Terry
— Sunday, July 27
• Headwaters Classic Auto
Car Show, Three Forks
— Tuesday, July 29
• Montana Baroque Music
Festival, through July 31,
Quinn’s Hot Springs, Paradise
— Wednesday, July 30
• Bite of Bozeman, Bozeman
• Yellowstone Photography
Adventure with Cindy
Goeddel, through Aug. 1,
Gardiner
• Big Horn County Youth
Fair, through August 2,
Hardin
• Park County Fair, through
Aug. 2, Livingston
— Friday, August 1
• Sweet Pea Festival, through
Aug. 2, Bozeman
• Little Horn State Bank
Farmers Market, 7:30-11:30
a.m., Fridays through Sept.
19, Hardin
• Festival of Nations, through
August 3, Red Lodge
• Prairie County Fair, through
Aug. 3, Terry
— Saturday, August 2
• Red Lodge Climb to
Conquer Cancer, Red Lodge
July 2014 — 21
July 2014 Calendar
Q. For what group in our society was
the coming of the “Rover” safety bicycle
of 1885 probably the greatest boon? The
Starley & Sutton Co. model had both
wheels the same size, thus offering the
safest and most efficient combination for
a bicycle.
A. Its invention casts a new light on the
old quip that “a woman needs a man like a
fish needs a bicycle,” says Eric Chaline in
“Fifty Machines that Changed the Course of
History.” Ironically, the safety bicycle
(so-called because the rider’s feet could
reach the ground) helped create the
emancipated “new woman” of the late 19th
century. Victorian women constrained by a
modest dress code found it impossible to
ride a penny-farthing with its oversized
front wheel, yet even in a floor-length skirt,
they had no problem with the safety bicycle.
“Thus, the long fight for women’s political
and social emancipation began when they
took to the streets on bicycles, giving them
unprecedented mobility, self-reliance and
independence.”
Q. In 1988, Xerox’s Mark Weiser
coined the term “ubiquitous computing”
to refer to the seamless integration of
computing resources into most of the
objects we use in daily living. What
phrases are we more apt to use today?
A. Technically speaking, “pervasive
computing” is everywhere, or “everyware,”
as is “clamorous computing” to describe all
those gadgets like smartphones and tablets
that we routinely carry with us, writes
columnist Paul McFedries in “IEEE
Spectrum” magazine. True enough, it’s a
sort of “jittery technology,” constantly
bleeping at us and alerting us to new
messages, posts, updates and news. Also
consider the curious prevalence of
“phantom vibration,” where we perceive a
cellphone’s vibration in the absence of an
incoming call. Even watching TV is no
longer straightforward as people use their
mobile tech for “second screening”
(monitoring social media commentary about
the show they’re watching) and
“chatterboxing” (chatting online with
people watching the same show).
Q. “It’s rude when you get home,” he
said, your balance system thrown off,
feelings of nausea gripping you, your
walk having taken a hike. It’s as if you
just got off a horrible spinning
amusement park ride coupled with the
worst flu you’ve ever had. Who are you
and what’s going on?
A. You’re astronaut Chris Hadfield trying
to transition back to Earth after a five-month
stint on the International Space Station.
“Now your body has to instantaneously go
from the graceful elegance of perpetual
weightlessness to the tyranny of gravity,”
Hadfield tells Andrew Grant in “Science
News” magazine. In his “Space Oddity”
music video, Hadfield shows what it’s like
to be in space, how you cut your nails, brush
your teeth, go to the bathroom. He also
describes the challenges of “rocking out”:
“Playing the guitar is weird”; as your hand
comes up the neck, the whole guitar moves
sideways because it’s actually floating in
front of you. “The vocals are slightly
different too, because without gravity, your
sinuses never drain. It’s sort of like standing
on your head forever.”
Q. When M.I.T. doctoral candidate
Ben Weber outfitted 80 bank operators
with palm-size sensors to wear around
their necks as they worked, he was
clearly up to something important. Such
as what?
A. The sensors tracked who talked with
whom and for how long, giving Weber and
company executives hard numbers on how
important social interactions are in
employees’ happiness and productivity, says
Adam Piore in “Discover” magazine.
Monitored as well were workers’ location,
tone of voice and other telling details.
Weber found that bankers belonging to
small tight-knit groups that interacted
frequently were not only happier but got
more work done, shared ideas faster, and
divvied up tasks more efficiently. He also
found he could predict changes in bankers’
job satisfaction with up to 60 percent
accuracy.
Q. The most valuable food source in
the ocean — sunlight — is completely
absent in the depths, making
photosynthesis impossible. So scientists
were at first stunned to discover lush life
forms in the deepest ocean darkness. Just
where did their food supply come from?
A. The food and the rotten egg smell
found at thermal vents — those “continental
wounds agitated by the planet’s tremendous
heat and laced with sulfurous poisons” —
both derive from the simple chemical
hydrogen sulfide, say marine biologist
Stephen Palumbi and writer (and son)
Anthony Palumbi in “Extreme Life of the
Sea.” “For all its toxicity, the molecule’s
sulfur bonds practically crackle with
energy.” Bacteria at these vents have
mastered “chemosynthesis,” or the
conversion of the chemical energy of
hydrogen sulfide into raw cellular energy.
Breaking the sulfide molecules apart, the
bacteria can use the resultant chemical
energy to fuel microbial growth, allowing
them to build new cells and power their
metabolism.
Q. When you consider “the law of
large numbers,” “the improbability
principle” or “the law of combinations,”
it’s not surprising that some truly quirky
things happen with numbers, such as one
Israel state lottery picking 13, 14, 26, 32,
July 2014 — 22
Who did an 1885 bicycle
help the most?
By Bill Sones and Rich Sones, Ph.D.
Send STRANGE questions to brothers Bill and Rich at strangetrue@cs.com
33, 36 on Sept. 21, 2010 and then again a
few weeks later on Oct. 16; or the same
person winning the same big lottery
more than once. Or what if you’d been
Maureen Wilcox in 1980 when “she
bought tickets containing the winning
numbers for both the Massachusetts
State Lottery and the Rhode Island Lot-
tery”?
A. Unfortunately for Ms. Wilcox, her
ticket for the Massachusetts Lottery held
the winning number for the Rhode Island
Lottery, and vice versa, says David J. Hand
in “Never Say Never” in “Scientific Amer-
ican” magazine. Obviously, “matching a
ticket for one lottery with the outcome of
the draw for another wins you nothing —
apart from a suspicion that the universe is
making fun of you.”
Q. How much can police investigators
tell about a suspect from genetic materi-
al left at the crime scene?
A. Predicting appearance from DNA is a
powerful tool for researchers, says Man-
fred Kayser, forensic molecular biologist
of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, as told to
Rachel Feltman in “Scientific American”
magazine. “One of our latest studies
focused on stature. From a suspect’s DNA,
we were able to predict extreme height, or
those in the upper 3 percent, within accura-
cy 0.75 where 0.5 is random and 1 is a per-
fect indicator.” Eye and hair color and age
are more like 0.9. “But everything else
we’ve looked at is actually much lower
than our height accuracy.”
Q. Rival sides in human conflicts may
liken each other to “vermin” or “pests to
be exterminated,” leading to outbreaks
of “bestial savagery.” Yet, according to
the Human Mind Project, what is wrong
with this sort of animalistic thinking?
A. Alas, we humans are well known for
grouping each other according to how we
look, where we live or what we believe,
denying those outside our own group “their
shared humanity,” say the editors of “New
Scientist” magazine. It seems the tendency
to see others as less than fully human is
deep-seated in our psyches — ”dismaying-
ly easy to trigger.”
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Across
1 Cubicle sight
12 1961 Ben E. King hit
14 Fiction involving let-
ters
16 Hipster persona
17 Fair
18 Frequent co-produc-
er of U2 albums
19 Comportment
20 Impact sound
21 By and by
22 Pay stub abbr.
23 MIT Sloan degree
25 Striking action?
28 Jack-in-the-pulpit
family
30 Entreaty
31 Onetime Bell Atlan-
tic rival
34 1995 film with the
line “Alan, please, last
time I played this game,
it ruined my life”
36 Not forward
37 1994 Rock and Roll
Hall of Fame inductee
39 “The Whiffenpoof
Song” repetitions
40 Veterans
42 Gag order?
43 Owed
46 Schmeling rival
47 Wanamaker Trophy
org.
49 Reason for an R
50 Gardner of film
51 Admitting a draft,
perhaps
53 Like some wallpaper
motifs
55 Read lots of travel-
ogues, say
58 Altar burners
59 Political matriarch
who lived to 104
Down
1 Like soser through
Pisa
10 1969 Peace Prize-
winning agcy.
11 Proceeds
12 Nautical pole
13 Image on Israel’s
state emblem
14 Winged statuette
15 Uninhabited
20 “John Dough and the
Cherub” author, 1906
21 Well of Souls guard-
ian, in “Raiders of the
Lost Ark”
23 Sizable
24 20th-century maestro
__ Walter
26 Indian bigwig
27 Imitative
29 Fairy queen who car-
ried a “whip of cricket’s
bone,” in Shakespeare
31 Far-reaching
32 City with prevalent
Bauhaus architecture
33 Attempt
35 Magellan sponsor
38 “Wait Wait... Don’t
Tell Me!” network
41 “In the Bedroom”
Oscar nominee
43 Hirer of Sinatra in
1940
44 Mount Narodnaya’s
range
45 Hard to capture
48 Adorn
49 Pianist Glenn known
for his Bach interpreta-
tions
51 Alamo rival
52 Balderdash
53 Fictional rafter
54 Underground band?
56 Maginot Line arena:
abbr.
57 Published
Crossword
July 2014 — 23
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BILLINGS OFFICE
1527 14th St. West
Billings, MT 59102
406-259-7983
SERVICE CENTERS
Glendive
Wolf Point
800-340-3720
BOZEMAN OFFICE
702 N. 19th Ave. Suite 1-C
Bozeman, MT 59718
406-586-5841
MILES CITY OFFICE
18 N. 8th Street Suite #8
Miles City, MT 59301
800-340-3720

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